How dangerous is the state of Bahia in Brazil

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Current

The spread of COVID-19 continues to lead to restrictions in international air and travel traffic and impairment of public life.

Before unnecessary, tourist trips to Brazil will currently warned.

Epidemiological situation

Brazil is particularly hard hit by COVID-19. A new, more contagious variant of COVID-19 was also found there. which is why Brazil is an area with a particularly high risk of infection (Virus variant area) is classified.

The Brazilian health authority ANVISA and the World Health Organization (WHO) provide current and detailed figures.

entry

Entry and transit of foreigners by air are generally permitted. Travelers entering or passing through Brazil are required to provide the airline with evidence of a negative PCR test result in English, Portuguese or Spanish at check-in. The test must not have taken place earlier than 72 hours before departure. Travelers must also present a health declaration (printed out and in English, Portuguese or Spanish) upon check-in. The health declaration can be found on the website of the Brazilian Health Authority.

Entry of foreigners across land or sea borders is still prohibited; only entry by land from Paraguay is permitted in compliance with the applicable Brazilian entry regulations. Other exceptions for entry across land or sea borders also apply to people who have a residence permit in Brazil.

The landing of flights coming from or via Great Britain and Northern Ireland, India or South Africa, as well as the carriage of foreign nationals who have been in Great Britain and Northern Ireland, India or South Africa within the last 14 days or have traveled through is temporarily prohibited.

Transit and onward travel

International airport transit is possible as long as you do not leave the international transit area and you have an entry permit for the destination country. Transit travelers are also obliged to provide evidence of a negative PCR test result and a health declaration to the airline upon check-in.

Travel connections

There are regular commercial flights between Brazil and Europe. Some states have currently banned direct flights from Brazil.
The inner-Brazilian air traffic takes place.

Due to the Coronavirus Entry Ordinance of May 12, 2021 and the classification of Brazil as a virus variant area, in addition to the existing registration and test obligation and extended and unconditional quarantine obligation, proof of a negative COVID-19 test in German and English , French, Spanish or Italian language, even if travelers are already fully vaccinated. Airlines and other carriers are otherwise not allowed to take people over the age of six with them.

The underlying PCR test may have been carried out a maximum of 72 hours, and a rapid antigen test in accordance with the requirements of the Robert Koch Institute a maximum of 24 hours before the planned entry.

The ban on transporting people in cross-border rail, bus, ship and air traffic in Brazil does not apply to German nationals and people with residence and right of residence in the Federal Republic of Germany, but may lead to changes in the flight plan and reductions in flight connections to and from Germany .

Restrictions in the country

In the service sector, there may be restrictions such as shorter opening times and reduced dining options. In most public buildings, temperature measurements take place as an entrance control.
The number of people infected, severely ill with COVID-19 and deaths remains very high. In some states, the health systems are extremely busy, sometimes overloaded. The risk that travelers will become infected, become ill and not be able to receive adequate health care continues to exist. In addition, effective communication in Brazilian hospitals usually requires a good knowledge of the Portuguese language.

Hygiene rules

Mouth and nose protection is compulsory in all public spaces, including outdoors. The minimum distance of 1.5 meters to other people must be observed.

  • If you have to travel absolutely necessary, contact the relevant Brazilian diplomatic mission before you start your journey.
  • Be sure to check with your airline about the current conditions of carriage and possible changes to the flight schedule.
  • Make sure you comply with the AHA regulations and also follow the hygiene regulations of the Brazilian authorities. High fines can be imposed if the hygiene regulations are violated.
  • Stays in foreign countries can currently affect the possibility of entering other countries. Therefore, find out about the current regulations on entry, transit and quarantine in the respective travel countries via the travel and safety information before starting any trip.
  • When you return to Germany, note the valid entry restrictions such as registration, proof and, if necessary, quarantine regulations, inquire about the current conditions of carriage at the relevant company or your tour operator, and if you are entering from a risk area, contact the health department of your residence or travel agency Place of residence. Further information can be found in our continuously updated info box on COVID-19 / Coronavirus.

security

Travel to the immediate border areas with Venezuela is not recommended.

terrorism

Domestic situation

In Brazil - mostly in the big cities - unexpected demonstrations take place again and again, which in the past have occasionally led to riots. This applies in particular to the capital Brasilia, São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro and also to other major cities in the country.

Due to the ongoing crisis in Venezuela and the associated gang crime, smuggling and refugees as well as the limited presence of security forces, staying in the immediate border area is not recommended. There may be short-term border closings.

  • Find out about the local media.
  • Avoid demonstrations and large gatherings of people in large areas.
  • Follow the instructions of local security guards.
  • Avoid traveling and staying in the immediate border area with Venezuela.

crime

The crime rate and the risk of robbery or other violent crime are high in Brazil, especially in large cities such as Belém, Fortaleza, Maceio, Porto Alegre, Recife, Rio de Janeiro, Salvador, São Luiz and São Paulo. There, in turn, poor settlements (favelas) are particularly badly affected. The favelas of Rio de Janeiro have recently been repeatedly affected by acts of violence, including death. Favelas are sometimes controlled by criminals and drug gangs. Armed confrontations, including with the police, often also kill bystanders.

An accumulation of criminal incidents is to be noted above all in less busy streets of the inner cities, on beaches and on feeder highways to the airports. In larger airports, taxis can also be booked and paid for in the airport building, which is associated with greater security.

Special attention is drawn to crimes in the context of prostitution (theft, robbery, assaults, etc.). The administration of beverages with sleep or will-changing agents is notorious. There are also isolated reports of attacks during guided boat trips in the Amazon region.

Perpetrators are often armed and are often under the influence of drugs, so that violence and the use of firearms, even for no good reason, are not shied away from.

Pickpockets are more common in crowded buses and trains during rush hour.
Travelers are abused as "drug smugglers" against their will and in ignorance.

  • Always be particularly careful in all parts of the country and city.
  • Keep money, ID cards, driver's license, flight tickets and other important documents safe, e.g. in the hotel safe, and only carry copies with you.
  • Store mobile devices inconspicuously, e.g. in a lockable travel bag, or put it in a safe.
  • Prefer cashless payments and only take the cash you need for the day and no unnecessary valuables.
  • Avoid flashy clothing, watches and (fashion) jewelry and do not wear or display watches and smartphones in public.
  • Always carry a smaller amount of money with you so that you can hand it over without resistance.
  • Do not resist attacks.
  • Never leave drinks unattended, especially in bars and other venues.
  • Do not take prostitutes or casual acquaintances into your own hotel room.
  • To reduce the risk of becoming a victim of a - often faked - traffic accident or vehicle theft, refrain from driving overland at night.
  • Do not insist on your right of way.
  • In city traffic, keep the windows of the vehicle closed, the doors locked and store valuables out of sight.
  • Be especially careful at traffic lights and in slow traffic.
  • Use the middle lane on three or more lane roads.
  • At night, prefer taxis to public transport.
  • Be careful with bait offers, e.g. via the Internet, in order to travel at the expense of others.
  • Do not take baggage for strangers with you; check your own baggage.
  • Be skeptical of unfamiliar e-mails, profit notifications, offers and requests for help from alleged acquaintances. Do not disclose any data about yourself; if necessary, make sure yourself personally or contact the police.

Rio de Janeiro

Throughout Rio de Janeiro, including the popular neighborhoods of Copacabana, Ipanema, Leblon, Botafogo, Santa Teresa and the Lapa nightlife district, thefts and robberies occur again and again, even during the day. The perpetrators, some of whom act in groups, target cell phones, jewelry, check cards and cash in particular. Recently, credit cards have been copied (especially in Ipanema and Copacabana) so that they can then be misused. Credit card fraud is common in taxis. The center (Centro) Rios is dead and not safe after business hours, on Saturday and Sunday and on public holidays. The often deserted streets of the city center should therefore be avoided on weekends, on public holidays and at night. After dark and especially during the carnival (street carnival and sambodrome), the New Year's Eve fireworks on the Copacabana and other major events, increased vigilance is required.

In the favelas there are repeated exchanges of fire, in which bystanders are often harmed. becomes.

If possible, hikes in the nature parks in and outside the city should only be undertaken in groups and on marked and lively paths.

  • In taxis, it is preferable to pay with cash.
  • Night walks on the beach are strongly discouraged.
  • We strongly advise against visiting any of the favelas in Rio de Janeiro, including those in the southern zone and the center.

São Paulo

In São Paulo, the historic city center around Praça da Sé (in front of the cathedral) is lifeless and unsafe during the week at night and after business hours at the weekend; The same applies to the area around the busy metro station “Estaçao da Luz”, which should be avoided at the times mentioned. There are many homeless people in the city center, some of whom are drug addicts and sometimes annoy passers-by.

Armed attacks and lightning kidnappings in preferred, better residential areas have also increased and often lead to exchanges of fire with private security forces or police officers (often in plain clothes), even during the day.

  • Be especially careful throughout the city, even in better areas.

Ceará and Fortaleza

After a wave of violence against public institutions and the public transport network, mobility and public life in the state of Ceará and its capital Fortaleza are still partially restricted.

  • Be careful when using public transportation and traveling inland.
  • Avoid night trips in intercity buses.
  • Avoid footpaths in the dark.

Recife and the Northeast

In recent years, targeted assaults on buses have become more common. Armed raids on intercity buses are also not uncommon in the northeast.

  • Be careful when using public transportation and traveling inland.
  • Avoid public transport in the urban area of ​​Recife and generally use taxis or Uber.
  • Avoid night trips in intercity buses.

Nature and climate

The climate is tropical in the north and center and subtropical in the south.
In the rainy season, which lasts from November to early April in the south and south-east and from April to July in the north-east, there are regular floods and landslides, as well as significant traffic obstructions due to impassable roads and bridges.

  • Always observe prohibitions, information signs and warnings as well as the instructions of local authorities.
  • Find out about the weather and road conditions regularly, especially when traveling overland.
  • Follow the instructions from local authorities.

Travel info

Infrastructure / traffic

Traffic routes may be impaired due to measures related to COVID-19 containment, see Current.

There is a well-developed domestic flight network and numerous intercity bus connections. There are hardly any rail connections. There are also underground and trams in the metropolises.

If you are coming from Germany, your flight baggage must be accepted at the Brazilian airport of entry (Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, Salvador, Recife, Brasilia etc.) and checked in again for a possible onward journey to the destination. There is no transit, even if this is often claimed when checking in baggage in Germany.

Extreme caution is advised when driving because of the poor condition of many roads. There are often tolls on motorways, which can be paid in cash at toll stations. There are numerous electronic speed controls, especially on these sometimes quite modern routes.

In the cities, it is usually advisable to use the relatively inexpensive taxis.

Communication in German is usually not possible. English language skills are also not very widespread outside of the large hotels and tourist spots. Spanish is partially understood in the south of Brazil. Even rudimentary knowledge of Portuguese will be gratefully accepted and will be helpful in any case.

  • Always drive carefully and defensively.
  • Avoid driving at night.
  • There is an absolute ban on alcohol for vehicle drivers. Violations are rigorously pursued and punished with heavy penalties.

Driver's license

To drive a vehicle in Brazil for tourist stays, a German driver's license and additional proof of identity (passport) are generally sufficient. To avoid misunderstandings and communication problems, it is recommended, however, to carry an international German driver's license or a certified Portuguese translation of the German national driver's license with you in addition to your national German driving license.

Carrying a certified translation is mandatory only for the old gray driving licenses. For driving licenses of classes C, D and E it should be noted that a minimum age of the driving license holder of 21 years is required in Brazil.

LGBTIQ

There are no indications of any particular difficulties; acceptance is particularly good in large cities.

Legal specifics

Drugs

We strongly advise against drug use and drug trafficking. Drug offenses, including the transport of drugs across national borders, are severely punished in Brazil. There are high fines, also for drug couriers, and also if luggage, parcels, gifts, samples or the like are to be transported for third parties. Prison sentences have to be served regularly in Brazil, often under conditions that are difficult to bear.

  • Be suspicious, especially if you want funding for your trip.
  • Never leave your luggage unattended and do not transport packages for strangers.

Sexual offenses

The sexual abuse of children and young people in Brazil is punishable by imprisonment between four and ten years. The perpetrators face regular imprisonment and exposure in the press. In addition, such acts, if committed by Germans or against Germans abroad, are also prosecuted in Germany.

Consensual sexual acts with children under the age of 18 are also punishable under Brazilian law. In the past, taking photos of children and young people in swimwear on the beach led to the intervention of the Brazilian authorities. It is therefore urgently advisable to exercise particular caution in this area.

Bathing “topless” / changing clothes in public

Topless bathing is seen in Brazil as a source of public nuisance; also changing clothes in public, e.g. B. on the beach. Either of these can lead to arrest or legal proceedings. Therefore, always look for changing rooms or other suitable rooms when changing clothes.

Animal and plant protection

Brazil has strict penal regulations to protect flora and fauna. Violations are consistently pursued by the Brazilian authorities and also punished with imprisonment. Attempts to export wild and protected plants and animals from Brazil are particularly strictly followed. This applies to almost all ornamental fish species from the Amazon basin, to plant saplings and seeds as well as to insects and spiders (tarantulas!). Even the transport of protected animals or plants from one Brazilian state to another is a criminal offense - unless there is an express state permit. There is an extensive and therefore inevitably confusing catalog of animals and plants protected in Brazil.

  • Therefore, do not buy or collect animals or plants / plant seeds or try to export them.

Visit of Indian sanctuaries

For trips to Indian sanctuaries, prior authorization is required from FUNAI (National Indian Foundation). Anyone found in a protected area without such an authorization must expect their equipment to be confiscated and severe penalties to be expected.

Money / credit cards

The national currency is the real (BRL). Major international credit cards are accepted nationwide. Cash withdrawals with German credit cards or EC-Maestro cards are basically still possible at appropriately marked machines (including Citibank, Banco24Horas, Banco do Brasil, Bradesco). However, many travelers report difficulties.

It is usual to limit the amount of money that can be withdrawn from cash machines to between 500 and 2,000 reais (depending on the bank and region in Brazil). Alternative ways of supplying money should be considered. V-Pay cards are not accepted outside of Europe.

In the event of unsuccessful cash withdrawals at ATMs, it is essential to keep the issued bank slip, as the German account is sometimes charged anyway. Pay particular attention to devices with which the cards can be copied or the typing of the secret numbers can be recorded.

  • Before you leave, check with your bank to see if cash withdrawals are allowed in Brazil.
  • Do not rely solely on a supply of Brazilian reais at ATMs.
  • Be especially careful when withdrawing cash from ATMs. To minimize the risk of robbery and card fraud, use the machines during the day on working days, if possible within the anteroom of bank branches, not on the street.

Entry and customs

Entry and transit regulations may currently differ due to measures to contain COVID-19, see Current.

Entry and import regulations for German citizens can change at short notice without the Foreign Office being informed beforehand. You can only obtain legally binding information and / or information that goes beyond this information on the entry and customs regulations for importing goods directly from the representatives of your destination country.
You can find the customs regulations for Germany on the website of the German customs and via the “Customs and Travel” app, or you can inquire about them by telephone.

Travel documents

Entry is possible for German citizens with the following documents:

  • Passport: Yes
  • Temporary passport: Yes
  • Identity card: No
  • Provisional identity card: No
  • Children's passport: Yes

Comments / minimum remaining validity:
Travel documents must be valid for at least six months upon entry.

visa

Since the agreement between the EU and Brazil came into force on October 1, 2012, German nationals have been allowed to travel to or through Brazil for tourist or business purposes without a visa and stay there for a maximum of 90 days during a six-month period. Fall under this

- tourist activities,
- visits to relatives,
- Researching commercial opportunities, attending meetings, signing contracts, and financial, managerial and administrative activities,
- Participation in conferences and seminars, provided that these activities are not remunerated from a Brazilian source (except for the direct assumption of the cost of living or the payment of a daily allowance),
- Participation in sports and artist competitions, provided that participants are not being rewarded from Brazilian sources, even if the competition has prizes, including prize money, to be won.

If you intend to stay longer than 90 days from the outset, you must apply for a visa at the Brazilian diplomatic mission in Germany responsible for your place of residence before leaving the country.

Likewise, those who intend to carry out paid activities, to pursue an employment, to be active in research, to do an internship or studies, to do social work, to provide technical assistance or to be missionary, religious or artistic, should in principle be before the Arrival at the responsible Brazilian diplomatic mission to find out whether a visa is required for the planned trip or apply for a visa there. It is not possible to issue a visa in Brazil at a later date.

Minors

Brazilian minors (including dual nationals) who are not accompanied by both parents or legal guardians require a corresponding declaration of consent from the non-traveling parent or both parents or legal guardians. The parental consent must be submitted for authentication either in front of a Brazilian consular officer at a Brazilian diplomatic mission or at a Brazilian notary's office (Cartório), unless it is noted in the minor's Brazilian passport.

The Brazilian embassy in Berlin offers detailed information on the subject of “travel permits for minors”.

It is strongly recommended that you contact the relevant Brazilian diplomatic mission in good time before your child enters Brazil and that you take the necessary precautions.

Even if, according to the Brazilian embassy in Berlin, non-Brazilian minors are generally not required to present a travel authorization, it is still advisable to give the child traveling abroad without the parents or one of the parents an informal declaration of consent in addition to the required identification document as well as a copy of the identification data page of the legal guardian.

German-Brazilian dual nationals

Travelers who have both German and Brazilian citizenship must enter and leave Brazil with a Brazilian passport.

Travel through third countries

Travelers intending to travel to Europe from Brazil by transit in a third country should find out whether proof of a yellow fever vaccination is required to enter this third country. Otherwise the transport from airports in Brazil can already be refused. Vaccination cards should always be carried in the original, as copies are often not recognized.

Import regulations

Items for the personal use of the person entering the country, which are intended for the journey or stay, can be imported duty-free.

There is a strict import ban on drugs, fresh food and exported Brazilian alcohol.

There is no limit to the introduction of foreign currencies.

However, amounts that exceed the equivalent of R $ 10,000, regardless of currency and form, must be declared upon entry.

Prescription drugs as well as certain dietary supplements can be imported on presentation of the doctor's prescription, the name of the patient and clearly identifying the drug / supplement.

The Brazilian Receita Federal (Portuguese) issues detailed import regulations.

The Brazilian embassy in Berlin provides more information on this and any necessary forms.

Pets

In particular, the export of (possibly previously imported) pets from Brazil is a challenge with high bureaucratic hurdles. If necessary, it is advisable to contact the Brazilian authorities and / or appropriate Brazilian service providers. There is no quarantine period for pets when they are imported into Brazil. The importation of live birds into Brazil is prohibited.

health

Current

The World Health Organization (WHO) has declared the disease COVID-19, which is triggered by the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, a pandemic.

measles

In January 2019, WHO declared delaying or skipping vaccinations as a threat to global health. In particular, the lack of vaccination against measles poses a high risk when the number of cases increases internationally.

  • As part of your travel preparations, check your and your children's vaccination protection against measles and have this supplemented if necessary.

Yellow fever

There has been an increase in yellow fever cases in southeastern Brazil since 2016. There is currently a risk of infection in particular in the states of São Paulo, Paraná, Santa Catarina, Minas Gerais and Mato Grosso. In addition, from the coastal region of the state of Rio de Janeiro (Ilha Grande, Ilhabela and Angra dos Reis) there have been repeated reports of yellow fever, including fatalities, among unvaccinated people returning from traveling.

Only a few areas are currently free of yellow fever or so far without reported cases.
Large vaccination campaigns are carried out in the affected areas.
So far, all infections have been acquired in the so-called Sylvatic cycle, i.e. when staying in wooded areas without an urban cycle (human-mosquito-human transmission, urban yellow fever) being able to establish itself, see also Disease Outbreak News of the WHO