Is philosophical materialism out of date
On the immateriality of postmodernism or: What else does dialectical materialism have to say? Preliminary considerations for historical-critical reflection on a circulating theory
Cf. Arnold Gehlen, “About cultural crystallization”, in: Studies in anthropology and sociology, Neuwied, Berlin 1963, 311-313. Wolfgang Welsch tried to distinguish a columnist postmodern of doom, namely Baudrillard, from a serious postmodern for whom human history is not yet over, along the distinction between postmodern and posthistoire. I venture to doubt whether this differentiation can be maintained; the cultural and political practice of the coming years will provide information on this
Wolfgang Welsch, Our postmodern modernity, Weinheim 1987, 17-23, 152).
Cf. Christoph Schorsch, “Thinking in a Crisis”, great philosophia 3/1 (1990), 97-111, here: 100.
See Stefan Breuer, Aspects of total socialization, Freiburg 1985, 68-72.
See Karl Marx, Wages, prices and profits, Berlin 1928, 38.
Karl Marx, The capital, 3 vol., Berlin 1947, 1, 634.
Ernest Mandel, Late capitalism, 3rd edition, Frankfurt a.M. 1974, 44.
See Karl Marx, Outlines of the Critique of Political Economy (Rough draft), Berlin 1974, 15. On the one hand, the commodity must always prove itself as a use value before it can be realized as a value. On the other hand, in order to be able to realize itself as use value, it must always appear as exchange value. What if the exchange-value character of the commodities is already in their use-value structure?
Cf. Klaus R. Scherpe, “Dramatization and Entdramatization of Downfall”, in: Andreas Huyssen, Klaus Scherpe (Ed.), Postmodern. Signs of cultural change, Hamburg 1986, 290.
See Jean Baudrillard, The symbolic exchange and death, Munich 1982, 26.
See Herbert Marcuse, The one-dimensional human, Neuwied and Berlin 1967, 226.
Cf. Fredric Jameson, “On the logic of culture in late capitalism”, in: Andreas Huyssen, Klaus Scherpe (ed.), Postmodern. Signs of cultural change, Hamburg 1986, 45-102, here: 80.
See Manfred Frank, The infinite lack of being. Schelling's criticism of Hegel and the beginnings of Marx's dialectic, Frankfurt a.M. 1975, 197.
This is how Jean Baudrillard argues, for example. Not the individual commodity is raised to the rank of a fetish, not even money, but the capitalist economic system as a whole (Jean Baudrillard, “Fetischismus und Ideologie: Die semiologi-sche reduction”, in: Pontalis [Hrsg.], Objects of fetishism, Frankfurt a.M. 1972.).
See Mandel (note 9) and Andre Gorz, Farewell to the proletariat, Frankfurt a.M. 1980.
Hans-Jürgen Krahl, Constitution and class struggle. Writings and speeches 1966–1970, 4th edition, Frankfurt a.M. 1971, 81 (she).
See Karl Marx, On the criticism of political economy, Berlin 1972, 29.
Friedrich Schlegel, Philosophical Lectures. Critical Friedrich Schlegel Edition, ed. Ernst Behler, Munich, Paderborn, Vienna 1958, XII, 42.
Alfred Schmidt, The concept of nature in the teaching of Marx, 2nd edition, Frankfurt a.M., Cologne 1974, 81.
Cf. Niklas Luhmann, “Intersubjectivity or Communication. Different starting points for sociological theory formation ”, Archivio di Filosofia LIV / 1-3 (1986) 46.
See on this connection: Petra Roder, “Poeta faber. The early romantic poiesis thought and the idea of ‘free, conscious activity’ in Karl Marx ”, DVjs 63/3 (1989): 522-546. "The human being is selfish Each of his essential forces has in him the quality of Selfishness. " (Marx [note 51], 575, Herv. v. Marx) Manfred Frank has convincingly demonstrated that this construction does not represent a naturalistic reduction, but rather a productive self-relationship as a relationship to the totality of reality shaped by human activities (Frank [note 26], 226).
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See Henri Lefebvre, Metaphilosophy. Prolegomena, Frankfurt / M. 1975, 359.
Maurice Merleau-Ponty, “The Concept of Nature”, in: Manfred Frank, Gerhard Kurz (Eds.), Materials on Schelling's philosophical beginnings, Frankfurt / M. 1975, 280-291, here: 283.
Martin Seel, The art of division, Frankfurt / M. 1985, 331.
Cf. Gernot Böhme, For an ecological natural aesthetic, Frankfurt / M. 1989, 9.
Marx (note 51), 516-517 (edited by von Marx); see Peter Bulthaup, “The Confusion of Lower Sophia”, in: Walter Bänsch (Ed.), To the modernity of romance, Stuttgart 1977, 99.
See Alfred Schmidt, Emancipatory sensuality. Ludwig Feuerbach's anthropological materialism, Stuttgart 1973, 122.
Theodor W. Adorno, On the metacritic of epistemology, Stuttgart 1956, 193.
Hartmut Böhme, previously unpublished manuscript on “Prospects of an Aesthetic Theory of Nature” will appear soon in: Jörg Huber (Ed.), Perception of the present, Frankfurt / M. 1992, 4.
Jean-François Lyotard, Essays on an Affirmative Aesthetic, Berlin 1982, 21 (Herv. V. Lyotard).
See Jean-François Lyotard, The postmodern knowledge, Vienna 1986, 132.
Jean Baudrillard, “Video world and fractal subject”, in: Karlheinz Barck et al., Aesthesis. Perception today or perspectives from a different aesthetic, Leipzig 1990, 252.
See Jean Baudrillard, The symbolic exchange and death, Munich 1982, 15.
Jean-François Lyotard, Apathy in theory, Berlin 1979, 65.
Jean-François Lyotard, Forays. Law, form, event, Vienna 1989, 114–116: It is neither possible nor necessary to experience capitalism as deficient, as it is well on its way to ensuring a fair distribution of surplus value, which Marx could only imagine beyond bourgeois society.
Jean-François Lyotard (and others), Immateriality and postmodernism, Berlin 1985, 25.
Peter Bulthaup, “The Confusion of Lower Sophia”, in: Dieter Bänsch (Ed.), Literature and social science 8. On the modernity of romanticism, Stuttgart 1977, 87-109, here: 97.
See Bernd Taureck, French philosophy in the 20th century, Hamburg 1988, 153-160.
Karl Marx, The early writings, ed. Siegfried Landshut, Stuttgart 1971, 216.
See Herbert Marcuse, The permanence of art, Munich, Vienna 1977.
Jürgen Ritsert, Claus Roishausen, The Conservatism of Critical Theory, Frankfurt a.M. 1971, 78.
Cf. Gernot Böhme: “At the end of the Bacon age”, Frankfurter Rundschau from August 10, 1991, 16.
Joachim Israel, The term alienation, Hamburg 1972, 311
quoted by J. W. N. Watkins, “Methodological Individualism and Social Tendencies”, in: M. Brodbeck (Ed.), Readings in the Philosophy of Social Science, New York 1968, 271.
See Manfred Frank, The sayable and the unspeakable. Studies on the latest French hermeneutics and text theory, Frankfurt a.M. 1980, 106.
Ygi Albrecht Wellmer, On the dialectic of modernity and postmodernism, Frankfurt a.M. 1985, 105.
Jürgen Habermas, Technology and science as ‘ideology’, 4th edition, Frankfurt / M. 1970, 58.
Christoph Schorsch, “Thinking in a Crisis”, in: great philosophic 3/1 (1990), 100.
Correspondence to Petra Röder.
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Röder, P. On the immateriality of postmodernism or: What else does dialectical materialism have to say? Preliminary considerations for historical-critical reflection on a circulating theory. Dtsch Vierteljahrsschr Literaturwiss Geistesgesch67, 322-387 (1993). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03396211
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