Is greatness born or created
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126 l Middle Ages The Middle Ages begin around the year 500. It covers a period of around 1000 years. After a long transition in the 15th century, the Renaissance epoch was at its height in 1500. There are about 250 years between the following two texts. Much has changed during this time. Middle Ages “Who gives my eyes the well of tears that I cry at the lamentable entry into human existence ... Created from earth, received in guilt, born as punishment, man does evil what he shouldn't, reprehensible what is not fitting 'Useless, which is not worthwhile, becomes food for the fire, bait for the worm, a pile of dirt. ... Man is made of dust, of clay, of ashes. ... He is received ... in the swamp of sin. He was born for torment, for fear, for pain, and what is even more miserable: for death. ”Innocent III. (Pope 1198–1216) “On the misery of human existence” Renaissance “But when… [God] had finished [his] work [the creation of the world], then [he] wished… that there would be someone there who had the reason of one Thoughtfully contemplate such high work, love its beauty, admire its greatness. That is why he thought ... of the creation of man. ”Pico della Mirandola (1463–1494)“ Speech on the dignity of man ”1 Names terms with which Innocent III. characterizes people. 2 How did Innocent III. earthly life? 3 What task is assigned to man in Pico's description of the creation story? 4 Explains how the creation of man is justified and how earthly life is valued. 5 Compare Pico's view with that of Pope Innocent III. 6 Listen to Perotin's music and look at pictures of Notre-Dame on the internet. Why did people in the Middle Ages believe that they were almost in paradise in this church? 105 In the Middle Ages, the lives of many people in Europe were marked by hardship and misery. They were helpless at the mercy of diseases and famine. It was thought that hardship was an inevitable part of human life because man was burdened by original sin, the fall of man in paradise. Therefore, earthly life was often despised and seen as a stage of transition to the hereafter - to paradise or to hell. This attitude, the orientation of life towards the hereafter, is also found in Christian worship services in the Middle Ages - and even in the splendid, up-and-coming church buildings. Perotin (around 1165-1220) was a musician at the newly built Notre-Dame Cathedral in Paris. For the people then - as for us today - this building was a miracle. Mighty heights, multi-colored windows and long lingering acoustics gave people the space to meditate, forgetting about the world. For testing purposes only - property of the publisher öbv
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