How do you deal with the programming

Program principles

In the respective broadcasting laws and in some cases also in the statutes of the broadcasting corporations, there are guidelines for program design to which the director, as the highest executive body of a broadcasting corporation, is bound and compliance with which is monitored by the respective broadcasting and, if applicable, regional broadcasting council.

In many cases, the principles go back directly or indirectly to the so-called Ten Commandments, in which American occupation officers wrote down key points of their ideas about a democratic radio in 1946.

With different formulations in detail, the following points are mostly regulated for the state broadcasters today: 1) the obligation to the constitutional order of the Federal Republic, 2) the respect for human dignity, 3) the call to stand up for peace, freedom and international understanding, 4) the duty to reflect the spectrum of social opinions as comprehensively and fairly as possible, 5) the obligation to truthful and factual reporting as well as a clean separation of news and comments, and finally 6) the right to criticism and the right of criticized persons or institutions to present their opposing position.

In some cases, there are special regulations, for example for the consideration of the valid curriculum and education plans in school radio, following the wording on human dignity, programs that glorify war, pornographic and youth-endangering programs are expressly prohibited and rules for dealing with opinion polls are drawn up.

With the seventh amendment, which came into force on April 1, 2004, the State Treaty on Broadcasting was supplemented by the new paragraph 11 on the mandate of public broadcasting. It states that public service broadcasting "has to take into account the principles of objectivity and impartiality of reporting, diversity of opinion and the balance of offers and programs in fulfilling its mandate."

In addition, the regional broadcasting corporations of ARD, ZDF and Deutschlandradio are obliged to issue »statutes or guidelines for the detailed structuring of their respective mandate« and every two years - for the first time on October 1, 2004 - »a report on the fulfillment of their respective mandate, on the quality and quantity of the offers and programs as well as the planned priorities of the respective upcoming program services «(ARD report and ARD guidelines).