What is colonization


Colony f. 'Settlement or group of people of the same nationality outside the mother country, territory appropriated by submission and kept dependent (mostly overseas)', borrowed (16th century) from Latin colōnia 'Bauerngut, Lachtgut, Siedlung, Niederlassung', possibly under the influence of mfrz.frz.colonie, which initially (as an expression of historical science) is related to the Greek and Roman colonies, then (since the 16th century) to the overseas colonies of the then world powers Spain and Portugal. The noun is derived from the Latin colere ‘cultivate, live, maintain, honor’ (see ↗ cult, ↗ culture). colonial adj. ‘concerning the colonies, originating from them’ (19th century), takeover of French colonial, since around 1800 especially in combinations such as colonial history, trade and politics. Colonial goods Plur. ‘Food and luxury goods from overseas’, initially for goods of this type which were taxed by Napoleon's resolution (1810) as part of the continental blockade; previously colony goods (late 18th century). Colonist with ‘Settlers in a Colony’ (2nd half of the 18th century), English colonist. to colonize vb ‘Colonize, develop economically’ (2nd half of the 18th century), ‘found a colony, conquer it as a colony’ (19th century), English to colonize. Regardless of this, ‘resident, make local’ (occasional 16th century). Colonization for ‘settlement, development acquired, conquered, inadequately used land’ (around 1800), English colonization.