The 8th grade is more difficult than the 9th grade

Secondary level I at the Bavarian high school

The high school in Bavaria consists of the

  • Lower level with grades 5 to 7
  • Intermediate level with grades 8 to 9 or 10 (depending on G8 or G9)
  • Upper school with grades 10 to 12 or 11 to 13

The lower and intermediate level

The lower and intermediate level at the grammar school is also referred to as lower secondary level. During the lower and middle grades, you have lessons in the high school in a class community. From the upper level (after the introductory class), lessons take place in courses.

After the transfer

Arriving at the new school is difficult for many elementary school students. Usually the school is much larger than the elementary school and compared to the older students in the upper grades you feel quite small as a fifth grader. Where you were just celebrated as “the big ones” at elementary school.

The curriculum is also worked through quickly at the grammar school. There is no such thing as “arriving first”. It will take some time to get used to the structure of the grammar school and the way it works. Don't worry, it's normal. It is also normal that your grades are likely to get worse than they were in elementary school. So don't be frustrated because most of your classmates feel that way. Also read the article on this subject, 5th grade at the Gymnasium in Bavaria.

Guides in the transfer procedure

These guides are primary school teachers who are employed at the grammar school for a few hours. They should make the transition a little easier for the new high school students in the fifth grade. Often the guides are also used for the intensification lessons of the lower level. So if you still have difficulties after the transfer or you are having problems getting used to it, you can contact the guide together with your parents. The pilot has a consultation hour at your school for this purpose.

The subjects at the grammar school in Bavaria

At the Gymnasium in Bavaria, the following subjects are core subjects:

  • German
  • mathematics
  • First foreign language
  • Second foreign language
  • physics
  • Third foreign language - only at the linguistic grammar school
  • Chemistry - only at the natural science-technical high school
  • Music - only at the musical high school
  • Economics and law or social studies - only at the economics and social sciences high school

All compulsory and elective subjects except sport count as advancement subjects. You will need the advancement subjects for your promotion.
Music is one of the advancement subjects at the arts grammar school. In the other grammar schools, music only counts as an advancement subject from grades 7 to 11.

At the linguistic grammar school you have to choose English and Latin as your first or second foreign language. This means that if you choose English as your first foreign language, then Latin is mandatory for you as a second foreign language.

Hours per subject

How many hours per subject you have at the Bavarian high school can be seen in the following table.

The profile lessons must be used at the natural science-technological high school for the subjects of physics and chemistry. At the arts grammar school, the profile subjects are used for the subjects of art and music. At the economics and social science grammar school there are profile subjects for economics and social science subjects.

The intensification hours

The intensification hours should:

  • Complement the subject lesson
  • Ensure targeted practice, repetition and deepening
  • Form smaller study groups
  • Support students with special needs
  • Promote particularly gifted people

Intensification lessons may not be used to continue with the subject matter. The law uses the phrase: "They do not serve to convey new curriculum content."

In the Bavarian G8, 265 hours per week are compulsory for grades 5 to 12.

The following applies to grades 5 to 7: You have to attend 5 intensification lessons (applies to G8), which are already integrated into the curriculum because they are compulsory. In grades 5 and 6, these are 2 intensification hours each, which are used in the core subjects. Which subjects these are varies from school to school, as there is an option for the grammar schools. In class 7 there is an intensification lesson in which the first foreign language is taught.

The flexible intensification hours

Then there are another 5 intensification hours (applies to G8). These are the so-called flexible intensification hours. You can freely choose the flexible intensification hours from what your school has to offer. By the end of class 10 you have to have 5 hours per week that you have attended during the last school years (from class 5 to 10). When you take these 5 weekly hours is up to you. This means that you can, for example, take an additional hour from grades 6 to 10 in each school year. Or you can start the intensification lessons from grade 7. To do this, you then have to attend two intensification hours per week in one grade level in order to have attended all 5 intensification hours up to grade 10.

There is no homework and no grades in the intensification lessons. Theoretically, your performance in the intensification lessons must not be included in the grading of the other subjects.

With the intensification lessons, grammar schools also have the opportunity to strengthen their school profile. A linguistic grammar school can offer additional courses in foreign languages. The science-technical high school can offer the students technical experiments.

The certificates of achievement

At the grammar school in Bavaria there is

  • Great records of achievement
  • Small certificates of achievement
  • Seminar paper (only in the qualification phase)

Number of major transcripts

How many major performance certificates you have to do at the Gymnasium in Bavaria can be found in the following table.

The major performance certificates (school assignments) must be announced at least one week in advance. Only one school assignment may be required per day. However, small certificates of achievement may be required in addition to a school assignment. That depends on your school, because the school conference decides on these regulations.

In modern foreign languages, for example English, French, Spanish, at least one school task per grade level is held in the form of an oral examination or in the form of a mixed examination (written and oral).

The small certificates of achievement

A distinction is made between the small performance modes

Written proof of achievement

For the written proof of performance, you have to do short-term work, impromptu work, performance tests and internship work.

The impromptu works are also known as EXE in Bavaria. This comes from the Latin for "extemporale" = impromptu task. An EXE is not announced and only takes about 20 minutes.

Short-time work and technical performance tests are announced at least one week in advance. Short-time work takes around 30 minutes and a professional performance test takes around 45 minutes.

Oral performance certificates

Statements of accounts, your contributions to the lessons and your presentations are part of the oral assessment. A statement of account is a small verbal proof of achievement during the school lesson.

Practical proof of achievement

Within a project, for example, your practical performance will be evaluated as a small proof of performance.

Your grades

Your grade for the major transcripts and your grade for the minor transcripts together form your annual progression grade. The grade for the next year is your final grade in the certificate for the respective subject.

If you have written two school assignments in one subject, then your year graduation will be formed as follows:

If more than two school assignments are written in a subject, then your annual graduation will be formed as follows:

The overall grade for the small assessments is made up of the written, oral and practical work that you completed during the school year. The law empowers the teacher to weight the individual work appropriately. That means the ratio of the individual small performance certificates to your overall grade is determined by your teacher or the school conference.

All subjects in which noSchool assignment is written, the annual progression grade is only made up of the small transcripts.

The upper school

If you have successfully mastered the lower secondary level at the Bavarian high school, then

  • You will likely continue with upper school at high school
  • Can you leave the grammar school with the appropriate school leaving certificate, depending on which class you are leaving the school in?

And even if you have not made the transfer, you have the opportunity to take the so-called special exam. This exam enables you to achieve the respective qualification by successfully taking a written exam. You can find the details under the following LINK.

You can read the legal regulations again under school regulations for high schools in Bavaria

Recommendations for exercise material

Afterwards I would like to give some recommendations for exercise material for grades 5 and 6. This is how you can support your child. Because especially in the early days of high school there are often difficulties and the children have difficulties with the subject matter.

Therefore, in my opinion, it makes sense to help your child a little with smaller exercises. Of course, there are also materials on the Internet that you can simply print out. Exercise King is the successor to Elementary School King and offers some exercises. I found the exercises very good for elementary school. In high school, here in Bavaria, the exercises are no longer so helpful and too easy for my taste. But the exercises are designed for the whole of Germany, and as we all know, the Ministry of Culture thinks that Bavaria can do a little more.
The easiest way is to buy a book, so you save yourself the long search on the Internet and always have some tasks at hand.

Last updated on May 19, 2021 at 10:23 PM. We point out that the prices displayed here may have changed in the meantime. All statements without guarantee.

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Filed Under: Gymnasium Bayern