What is a sweet potato made of?

Comparison - sweet potato and potato

The difference between potato and sweet potato

What is the difference between sweet potatoes and potatoes? Is the sweet potato really sweet and is the preparation different? You will find answers for your questions here.

The sweet potato, which comes from South America, is currently one of the trendiest foods around. The Americans demonstrated it as an accompaniment to Thanksgiving turkey, and now the sweet potato has found its way across the Atlantic to our plates. But even if the name suggests it: the sweet potato has just as much in common with the German potato as apples with pears. We have summarized the differences between the two types of vegetables for you.

What is the difference between a potato and a sweet potato?

The name "potato" and growing underground are the only things that the two tuberous plants have in common. The two types of vegetables are prepared in the same way, but the taste of the tubers differs like day and night. The sweet potato, true to its name, is really sweet. It can owe this to the high starch content. In terms of taste, it is more similar to Hokkaido, butternut and other types of pumpkin instead of the classic potatoes. Sweet potatoes are often grown in China or Africa, while many conventional potatoes come directly from Germany and can therefore be bought regionally. The cooking time of the sweet potato is about a third shorter than that of the potato. It can also be eaten raw in salads or as a snack. The potato, on the other hand, should never be eaten raw.

Sweet Potato and Potato: Distant Relationships

The sweet potato, also called "Batate", not only differs in taste from the German potato, it also grows differently. Unlike our classic potatoes, which are grown as a nightshade plant, the "sweet" potatoes are a bindweed plant and so botanically belong to a completely different family.

Other differences

We learned early on from our parents when it comes to food: With the German potato, only the tuber is consumable, and it is only cooked. The potato is more than unsuitable as a raw food, sometimes even poisonous - so hands off! However, this brings us to another difference between potatoes and sweet potatoes. The "green", i.e. the leaves of the sweet potato, are used as food in the home countries of the tuber, just like the sweet potato itself, and consumed as a spinach-like accompaniment to various dishes.

Do something good for the body with the "Batat"

The delicious reddish tuber can do more than you might think: whether raw or cooked, whether sweet or salty, whether baked or deep-fried, whether as raw vegetables or sweet potato casserole - the tuber always tastes good and always works with the right recipe, guaranteed. And it not only tastes good, but also has an excellent effect on our health if it regularly lands on our plates. While our German potatoes are poison in the ears of healthy foodists as well as figure and nutrition-conscious people, sweet potatoes are a good choice - also in the diet or for athletes. They contain more carbohydrates and calories, which is due to the high starch content, but on the other hand they shine with a low fat content, many minerals, vitamins and a high content of phytochemicals, which are good for our body as antioxidants.

Powerhouse sweet potato

The starch of the sweet potato, in contrast to that of the "real" potato, is also much more complex and therefore has a better and better effect on the body's own insulin level. And not only that: In addition, the caiapo, which is contained in masses in sweet potatoes, has a positive effect on the cholesterol level. By now at the latest you should become aware of what a bulging package of vital substances you are consuming with a single sweet potato.

Sweet potatoes as a stress killer

Sweet potatoes contain antioxidants (against inflammation), they regulate blood sugar and cholesterol levels, are high in fiber, provide pregnant women with natural folic acids, set the immune system in motion, protect the heart, strengthen muscles and, with a high potassium content, are also real stress killers. With this in mind: off to the stove, try out our great sweet potato recipes, enjoy and stroll through life healthily. Good Appetite!

Which is healthier: sweet potato or classic potato?

You will have learned by now at the latest that there are many good nutrients in sweet potatoes. But what predominates? Is the sweet potato healthier than the conventional variant?
If you look at the calories, there is a winner: the traditional potato! This comes to around 70 calories at 100 grams, while the sweet potato has a little more to book with around 110 calories. On the other hand, sweet potatoes contain more fiber and a lower glycemic index - which means that we stay full longer.
Both variants are both low in fat and high in calcium, protein, magnesium and potassium. However, sweet potatoes contain more vitamin C, beta carotene and vitamin E.

As the name suggests, the sugar in sweet potatoes is also abundant. A total of 4.2 grams of sugar make up 100 grams, compared to just 0.8 grams for regular potatoes! The conventional potato also wins in terms of phosphorus and vitamin B content.

Ultimately, neither of the two variants can be found to be clearly healthier. Both varieties contain valuable nutrients and should be on your menu regularly.

In the video you will learn how to make sweet potato fries yourself: