What are some examples of suppression today

Human rights

Axel Herrmann

To person

Dr., is a historian and runs a high school in the city of Hof. For years he worked as a textbook author and held a teaching position for history didactics at the universities in Bamberg and Bayreuth. As a long-standing member of Amnesty International, he deals intensively with human rights issues and is particularly committed to the prohibition of torture.

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No state can fully guarantee the protection of human rights. If he tolerates or engages in human rights violations himself, there are usually power interests behind it that are as complex as the types of attacks committed

Hungarian activists from Amnesty International - NGOs like this one are committed to protecting human rights. (& copy AP)

introduction

"Open your newspaper any day," wrote Peter Benenson, founder of Amnesty International, in 1961, "and you will read a message from some part of the world: a person has been imprisoned, tortured, executed because of his Views or religious beliefs do not match those of the government. Millions of such people are in jail [...] and their numbers are growing. " This sentence has retained its validity for decades until today.

Nowhere in the world can there be any guarantee that human rights will not be violated; Even democratic constitutional states do not offer absolute protection against attacks. Various non-governmental organizations (NGOs) such as Amnesty International or the International Society for Human Rights, which are committed to protecting people from oppression and arbitrary violence, provide extensive lists of human rights violations around the world in their annual reports.

Not least thanks to their work, the general public has become more sensitive. Fast media such as the Internet allow information about human rights violations to be passed on quickly, even from relatively remote areas of the world. After all, the perspective on the protection of human rights has now expanded: according to international law, states alone are responsible for observing human rights. For this reason, in the past mostly only the behavior of state organs such as the police, the military or the judiciary was examined carefully. Today one also observes the relationship between companies and civil society organizations to the question of human rights and expects compliance with human rights in the private sphere, for example the protection of women and children from domestic violence. Human rights activists expect the state to draw up clear rules that require each individual to respect human dignity and respect human rights. At the same time, it should build control mechanisms that make it impossible for state organs to consciously or unconsciously look aside.

In the following some typical human rights violations are described, which are carried out or tolerated by the state. Most of the time, the attacks form a chain. If, for example, a state curtails the right to freedom of expression or freedom of religion and a person does not comply with these restrictions, they are often threatened with arbitrary deprivation of liberty, they may even have to expect to be tortured and their right to physical integrity violated to become. Human rights violations are therefore usually in a complex context. Overlaps are therefore unavoidable in the following overviews and reports.