Are Dravidians Caucasian
2 Term in National Socialism
3 Terms used today
5 See also
6 web links
Origin of the term
The origin of this idea was linguistic: At the beginning of the 19th century it was noticed that many languages in Europe (Latin, Germanic languages, Celtic languages, Slavic languages, Greek language) as well as in Persia and India have a lot in common in vocabulary and grammar. In addition, a remarkable similarity was found in the mythology and cult of these peoples. From this the assumption of a common past and original language of these Indo-European languages (also called Indo-European languages) was developed; this statement is now generally accepted after some revisions and reformulations. It was also established on the basis of Persian and Indian documents and traditions that the speakers of this language probably identified themselves as Aryans (Arya) designated. Alternatively, one speaks today of the Proto-Indo-Europeans.
In the 19th century, there was a further leap in argumentation from linguistics to ethnology: It was claimed that the people who spoke a language derived from Indo-European (i.e. almost all Europeans) also descended genetically from this native people, which was revealed through linguistics. In this respect, fair-skinned people were identified as descendants of the Aryans. Jews, although light-skinned in Europe, were excluded from this definition because their original Hebrew language is Semitic rather than Indo-European.
At that time there was widespread speculation about the habitat of this language group. Due to the old age of the Old Iranian language and Sanskrit, a connection with Persia or the Indus culture has been seen. The use of the term Aryan in inscriptions and ancient scripts it was interpreted to the effect that an Aryan predecessor culture existed.
As a result, Europe was searched for the origin of this European 'race', although people in Asia obviously also descended from them. The most widespread theory sees the Aryans as a nomadic equestrian people from the steppes of Eurasia that spread both south and west, thus spreading their language and culture. It was further assumed that these people came as superior conquerors, as they had a military advantage with their horses and chariots. However, one cannot unequivocally identify a culture with a language as long as there are no written documents.
Term in National Socialism
The theory that the Aryans had their origin in the steppes of Russia was largely rejected by German national circles in what was then Germany. It was argued, without any scientific basis, that the Aryans were originally native to Germany or Scandinavia, or at least that the original characteristics, especially of a racial nature, were particularly clearly preserved there. In addition, the Aryans, again out of wishful thinking rather than objective reasons, were introduced to the Goths, Vandals or other tribes of the Great Migration.
The ideology of National Socialism misinterpreted the term Aryans as a purely Germanic 'master race' whose mission it was to subjugate or exterminate all allegedly 'non-Aryan' peoples. With this central ideology, the National Socialists justified the persecution and extermination of the Semitic Jews, as well as the downgrading of the Slavs to 'sub-humans'. In doing so, they once again used an originally linguistic term (namely "Semitic") in a racist manner. With the idea of keeping the Aryan race clean, the murder or sterilization of mentally handicapped or simply unwanted people continued (see also euthanasia).
Ideas for the "Aryan race" did not only exist in Germany, they first appeared in France (Arthur de Gobineau), then in England (Houston Stewart Chamberlain). In India, the British colonial government sought cooperation with the elite. The tall castes were considered to be descendants of the Aryans, who would have displaced the dark-skinned Dravidians to the south. This thesis has been the cause of social tension in India for thousands of years.
Theosophy, a mythological-religious worldview of the late 19th century founded by Helena Blavatsky and Henry Olcott on Hindu ideas, also took up ideas about the Aryans. According to the Russian Blavatsky, the Aryans came far from the north, from Hyberborea. Many of these so-called theosophists and ariosophers also believed the origin of the Aryans was Atlantis, the Aryans thus the Atlanteans. The idea of the Aryans as God's chosen people for the liberation of the world, developed in theosophy, found its way to Germany via the Guido von List Society, where one of its foundations was prepared for National Socialism by mixing with nationalistic elements.
Term used today
The term was and is in use in Zoroastrianism, Buddhism, Hinduism and Jainism. Here it does not designate a race, but is an honorary designation for a "noble" or "spiritual" person. In this sense, the former Shah of Persia called himself the 'light of the Aryans'.
Due to the abuse that the National Socialists carried out with the term "Aryans", the term is no longer used as a synonym for "Indo-German".
Some scientists deny that there was ever an identifiable ethnic group that can be called Aryans. In the scientific literature, cultural groups from which Vedic and Zoroastrian belief systems arose are called Aryans. Linguistically, the languages derived from Sanskrit are called Indo-Aryan languages. The speakers of the original Indo-European language are called Proto-Indo-Europeans.
In groups that propagate the superiority of the "white race" over other people, the term "Aryans" is still used today to denote the "white race".
Aryans can also be synonymous with Iranians.
- "Die Indoeuropäer" by Reinhard Schmoeckel, ISBN 3-404-64162-0 (note: scientific findings)
- "In Search of the Indo-Europeans: Language, Archeology and Myth" by J. P. Mallory, ISBN 0500276161 (note: knowledge of science)
- "The end of old Europe. The incursion of steppe nomads from southern Russia and the Indo-Germanization of Central Europe" by Marija Gimbutas, in "Archeolingua", series minor 6. Budapest 1994, also as a book ISBN 3851241711 (note: knowledge of science)
- "The Kurgan Culture and the Indo-Europeanization of Europe: Selected Articles Form 1952 to 1993" by Marija Gimbutas et al., ISBN 0941694569 (note: scientific findings)
- "The Atlantid Worldview - National Socialism and New Right in Search of Sunken Atlantis", ISBN 3931300048 (Note: About the pseudo-mythological background of right-wing Aryan fantasies)
- "Black Sun" by Rüdiger Sünner, ISBN 3451052059 (Note: About the occult backgrounds of racial ideology and Aryan fantasies under National Socialism)
- What is IMAX
- Who would win Deadpool or Galactus?
- Why was Ireland under British rule?
- What is the price of oil sunflower seeds
- Does Santa Clause consider you naughty?
- What needs to change in your life
- How can I choose a billing software?
- What are you doing in the old school
- What makes narcissists?
- How common is sexual abuse in prison?
- What are good vibes and bad vibes
- Investigate the effects of prisoners in Australia
- Has society become too calm?
- What does PCC mean in civil engineering
- Will there be a Volkswagen Beetle in 2019
- What are examples of ironic satire
- Why do my cat's gums turn white
- Someone is selling research chemicals
- What does 50 scholarships mean
- What are you bored with?
- What happened to Bob Ross Gemaelden
- What do people think of Indian politics
- Have a degree that you regret
- How did immigrants come to America