Which Indian state impressed you

Country information India



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India is not infrequently a challenge for travelers. This country has quite a few hurdles to overcome. Above all, India has one thing: beautiful landscapes and a colorful culture. Find out more about the fascinating country in southern Asia in our country information for India.



  • There is so much to discover in this colorful and culturally diverse country. One of the main destinations is the beautiful Taj Mahal. This wonder of the world is also known as the crown of palaces and impresses with its marble details.

  • The holy city of Varanasi can be found along the Ganges. Indians come here to swim, pray, or cremate their loved ones who have died. This place is a cultural highlight. Passing the many people, you will definitely find a place by the water to take a spiritual meditation lesson.

  • The Rajasthan region has a lot to offer. A multitude of beautiful desert cities invites you to immerse yourself in the colorful world of India. Here you can visit the red city of Jaipur, the blue city of Jodhpur or the winding Udaipur. Outside the cities, you can ride camels through the desert and spend the night in the open air.

  • When you've had enough of culture and want to venture into the wilderness, you can choose between one of the 85 official national parks. The first national park was the Corbett National Park. It lies at the foot of the Himalayas and has the largest and oldest tiger reserve in the country. You can explore the park by jeep or on elephant back. For nature conservation reasons, you are only allowed to walk through the park in the company of a trained nature guide.

Geography of india

The subcontinent India belongs to the continent Asia and with 3.3 million km² it is the seventh largest state in the world. Its direct neighbors are Pakistan, China, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar and Bangladesh. The capital of the country is New Delhi with around 16.3 million inhabitants. Many parts of India's landscape are characterized by high mountains. The Himalayas in particular, which also form the natural border with the rest of Asia, determine the landscape in northern India. There are a total of eight mountains with a height of over 8,000 m. The highest mountain in India is the Kangchenjunga with a remarkable 8,598 m. In the southwest of the Himalayas, the most famous river in India rises: the Ganges. The river crosses India and eventually flows into the Bay of Bengal. In addition to the natural area of ​​the Himalaya Mountains, there is also the lowlands of the Ganges and Brahmaputra as well as the highlands of the Dekkan. The lowlands of the Ganges and Brahmaputra rivers are called the North Indian Plain or Great Plain. Here you will find a fertile landscape but also the Thar desert in the west, which is the driest region of India. The Deccan highlands cover the entire southern area of ​​India. It lies south of the Ganges lowlands. In the Dekkan highlands you can also find the well-known West Ghats Mountains, which slope towards the coast.

Geomorphology / geology

The Indian Kraton was formerly part of the supercontinent Pangea. At that time India's southwest coast was connected to Madagascar and South Africa and the east coast was one with Australia. When Pangea broke apart through plate-teconic processes, the Indian craton broke away from Africa and Australia. Only later did Madagascar separate from India. At that time, the ocean of Tethys lay between the Indian and Eurasian continents. When the Indian plate and the Siberian plate collided, subduction processes resulted in the formation of the Himalayan mountains. The effects of this collision had an impact on tectonic processes far into the north of the continent. The Himalayas continue to rise by around one to two centimeters each year.

Travel tips and trivia for India

  • UTC + 3: 30
    There is no change to daylight saving time

  • In India you pay with the Indian rupee. For the current exchange rate, visit www.wüstenrechner.com
    In big cities you shouldn't have any problem finding an ATM. Before you travel to smaller villages, however, it is advisable to have pocketed a little more money beforehand.

  • The metric system has been allowed in India since 1962.

  • In India the mains voltage is 230 V with a frequency of 50 Hz. You need a plug adapter.

  • There are different modes of transport in India that could be considered for your trip. In cities and towns, the easiest way is to take a rickshaw, also known as a tuk-tuk, for little money. These three-wheeled carriages go everywhere. The roads are not always level. The journey can get a bit more turbulent because the roads are not always in good condition.

    If you want to spend a little more money or your route is a little longer, you can take a taxi. These will also take you to the next city. Private taxis are also available, but are not recommended for safety reasons.

    The country is very large, and if you have a lot of time and want to visit each region, it makes most sense to get a train ticket. The trains usually have sleeping compartments and different classes. As a tourist, you can buy a slightly better class for little money so that you don't have to sit on the floor and have your own compartment.

    In general, you should always choose your own taxi and negotiate the price. It is also common for tourists to be taken briefly to a shop during a trip, where they are supposed to buy something so that the taxi driver receives his commission. Do not feel compelled to do anything and stay very friendly and relaxed. In India you have to have a lot of time and patience.

    • January 26: Republic Day
    • August 15th: Independence Day
  • Do:

    • Always plan enough time! Everything always takes a little longer in India.

    • Don't be afraid to negotiate the price!

    • Try typical Indian food in each region.

    Don’t:

    • Always take off shoes in religious institutions, wear long trousers and tops or cover your bare skin.

    • As a woman, you shouldn't dress too revealingly under any circumstances.

    • It is advisable not to drink tap water and, for water bottles, make sure the lid is still sealed.

    • You should always treat books and literature with respect and not touch them with your feet, as they are considered the goddess of education.

Climate of India

Due to the huge area, the climatic conditions in India are not the same everywhere. In northern and central India there is a predominantly subtropical continental climate. The south and the coastal areas are maritime and have a more tropical climate. In the north there are annual temperature fluctuations. Temperatures here are 10-15C ° in winter and between 40 -50 ° C in summer. In the south, the tropical temperatures are relatively constant and tend to be high all year round. The climate is largely influenced by the Indian monsoon. Between June and September there is heavy rainfall due to the summer monsoon, but the distribution of rainfall is unevenly distributed due to the different topography. The heaviest rainfall occurs on the west coast, in the Western Ghats and on the slopes of the Himalayas in northeast India. The driest area is the Thar Desert.

Flora and fauna in India

Depending on where you are, you will encounter very different types of vegetation. In the south you can find the evergreen rainforest of the tropical and subtropical zones, exotic bamboo forests and tall palm trees also grow here. Salt marshes and mangrove forests can be found in the coastal area. The world's largest contiguous mangrove area is located at the Ganges estuary. Steppes of grass and shrubbery grow in areas with little precipitation. Various types of tea are grown in the high region of the Himalayas.
Big cats living in India include leopards, cheetahs, tigers, and even lions. These have their retreat in the mountain forests far away from civilization. You can also find the Indian elephant in the rainforests. In addition, many species of monkeys live in India. The langur is a very special species of monkey - it can be found everywhere in India. The bird species found here include many colorful parrots, peacocks, herons and kingfishers. But also species of snakes such as cobras and chain viper can be found here in nature. Crocodiles also frolic in the waters.

Social Geography of India

  • 1.29 billion people live in India. This makes India the most populous country after China. Most of the people in India live in the complex and strict caste system. The Indians are born into their special caste and remain bound to it until death. It doesn't matter whether they work their way up in the course of their lives. There are four main castes (Varnas) and the "untouchables" (Dalits). The division is based on colors and clearly delimits the population groups from one another. Dalits are usually severely discriminated against and work in so-called “unclean” professions such as garbage disposal or cleaning.

  • Over 100 languages ​​from a wide variety of language families are spoken in India. There are also 544 different dialects. There is no official national language here. Four language families can be distinguished: Indo-Aryan language family (approx. 76.7%); Dravidian language family (approx. 20%); Austro-Asian language family (approx. 1.1%) and the tobeto-birmansiche language family (approx. 1%). You will also meet here in English and Arabic languages.

  • India's economy has grown in importance recently. Yet it faces enormous problems in terms of poverty reduction. About 30% of the population live below the poverty line. Agriculture is and will remain extremely important to the Indian economy, even if it is slowly becoming less important. The textile and clothing industry is one of the most important branches of industry. The main export products are food, artificial fabrics, jewelry and textiles.

  • India is governed under a parliamentary democracy. There are 29 states, 6 union territories and the National Capital Territory Delhi.
    As everywhere in the world, crime in big cities is very high. Ideally, you shouldn't be alone in the streets at night and follow the local news to find out about demonstrations or dangerous situations.

  • In India you will meet many different religions. This is where the religions Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism arose. Above all, Hinduism (approx. 79.8%) is widespread here. But Islam (approx. 14.2%) has also been widespread since the conquest by the Mughal empire, especially in northwest India. Christianity (approx. 2.3%) can also be found here through early missionary work. The rest are divided between Sikhs, Buddhists, Jainas and other traditional religions.

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