Why is Ambedkar so important to Dalits
Ambedkar - freedom fighters of the Dalits
Born on April 14, 1891, the lawyer Doctor Bhimorao Ambedkar represented a prominent role as the most important opponent of Mahatma Ghandi in constitutional disputes in the 1930s.
Even Dalit, Ambedkar was concerned with securing civil and political rights for Dalits, whereby he saw the status of “untouchability” directly linked to Hinduism. Gandhi, on the other hand, was more of a paternalistic attitude towards the Dalits and “only” advocated reforming Hinduism. When Ambedkar called for separate electoral groups for Dalits, Gandhi announced fasting to the death. Lengthy negotiations ended in a compromise, the so-called Puna Pact. Instead of separate electoral groups, reserved seats were introduced in the state parliaments.
Ambedkar was subject to caste discrimination throughout his life. Although he did excellent study visits to the UK and the US, he received limited recognition in India.
As a doctor of law, he became a member of the constituent assembly and later Minister of Justice. But he saw that the situation for Dalits had not changed. He himself was treated as a Dalit in his ministry, e.g. the food was not handed to him with hands, but pushed on the floor. Finally he gave up his office. After his announcement "I will not die a Hindu" he converted to Buddhism.
Ambedkar founded the first Dalit party in addition to various civil society organizations that campaigned for the improvement of the situation of Dalits. To this day, many Dalit activists follow his approaches and ideas. Many of his followers: inside he remains in the heart with the symbolic burning of the holy scripture Manus, which stipulates the rules of untouchability.
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