How do I write a good research problem

Simply formulate the problem - this is how it works!

The problem you set out describes the research problem to be solved, which you address in your thesis. Your problem statement serves to justify why you consider your research important. Sometimes the problem you are discussing can also contradict previously known theories and results.


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Formulate the problem


The aim of your thesis is to provide a comprehensive answer to the problem you have posed. That is why it is so important to formulate the problem and all scientific questions as precisely and precisely as possible. As soon as you succeed in doing this, you can use the associated questions and hypotheses as a common thread for your work.

As a rule, the problem you have formulated does not contain more than one or two sentences. However, you always have the opportunity to come back to the problem as part of your introduction.


What would be a good problem for your bachelor or master thesis?


The following examples will help you to clearly identify the problem in your scientific work.
Question typeKey questionexample
descriptionWhat is the case?How has mass tourism changed in Asia since 2000?
ExplanationWhy is that the
Case?
Why has mass tourism changed in Asia since 2000?
forecastAs is thein the future
look?
What will mass tourism in Asia look like in the future?
ratingHow is a certain condition to be assessed?How are the consequences of mass tourism in Asia to be assessed?


From the problem to the title


You have to clearly distinguish your problem from the title in terms of expression and content. While you are developing a research relevance in your problem, you bring the title of your scientific paper to the point with a single sentence.

The best way to get to know the difference is with an example:

Problem: How can online seminars, regardless of location, improve the education of students at XYZ University so that highly talented students can be promoted and recognized in a more targeted manner?

title: The effect of location-independent online seminars on student competence


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5 problem-solving tips


1. The more specifically you name the problem, the better. So get the problem straight to the point instead of laboriously describing it in dozens of box sentences.
2. It can sometimes be necessary to revise the problem posed several times in the course of the writing process.
3. Make sure to make a common thread recognizable when formulating the phrase.
4. Make sure you have adequate reference to lectures, theories, and other scientific papers. In this way, you can make verifiable statements from the start and put your problem on a solid foundation.
5. Learn to accept the limits of your academic work. Your problem is only aimed at a specific aspect of a larger problem. At the end of the scientific work you should not lose sight of your defined goal. It is therefore not necessary or useful to deal with a number of aspects that are not directly related to the problem in your chapters.