Why are children not allowed to vote

W- like elections - or who, how, what, why?

The people's representatives in the German state parliaments, municipalities, cities and municipalities are also elected according to these principles.

You can find more examples of elections that take place according to these or other rules under "Elections, voters and elected - we have the choice!"

W.he can choose?
The right to choose is what is called active Suffrage. In Germany, citizens are not obliged to vote. Each vote is voluntary. However, three conditions must be met for a citizen to vote:

  1. The voter must be a German citizen.
  2. The voter must be at least 18 years old.
  3. The voter must have registered their main place of residence in Germany for at least three months.

W.he can be elected?
The right to be elected for an office is called passive Suffrage.
If someone wants to be elected, he or she must, by and large, meet the same conditions as a voter.

W.Can you not choose if you meet the three conditions?
There are only two exceptions that lead to a citizen losing their right to vote:
1. When he is no longer able to regulate his life himself and he is instead represented by a supervisor.
2. When he has committed a serious crime and a judge “takes away” his right to vote.

W.hat does a general election mean?
Anyone who meets the three conditions for the right to vote can vote.
Nobody should be denied the right to vote because they belong to a certain population group, practice a certain religion or represent a certain political opinion. Nor does a person's gender or income affect their right to vote.

W.hat is an immediate choice?
Each vote is cast directly for an MP or candidate.
The decision of the voters may not be changed or disregarded by any other person or party.

W.hat is a free choice?
To choose or not to choose? Not voting is also part of the right to vote. Because every voter has the freedom to cast his or her vote without being forced to, under pressure or exerting influence from others - or not to vote. You can read below why it is still better to cast your vote.

W.hat does an equal choice mean?
Every vote has the same meaning and the same influence on the outcome of an election. Nobody can cast multiple votes for a candidate or buy votes from other voters.

W.hat is a secret election?
Voting on a ballot paper always takes place in a voting booth so that no one can see where a voter ticks his or her cross. There are no names or other information about a voter on the ballot papers. A democratic election only makes sense if the votes were cast without pressure or bribery.

W.How many votes does a voter have?
Each voter has two votes for the Bundestag election, which he can give. With the first vote, a specific person can be elected, who then sits as a member of the Bundestag. A party is elected with the second vote. After all the second votes have been counted, it is clear how many seats a party will receive for its candidates. You can find out more about the Bundestag here. In other elections, such as local elections, voters even have more than two votes.

W.who is elected?
In Germany, citizens elect their government every four years. Sometimes the term of office does not last that long, then there are “early elections”. Most state parliaments are allowed to rule for five years before they are elected.

W.o is elected?
For a federal election, polling stations or voting rooms in schools and other common rooms are set up across the country on the day of the election. This is where the voting booths and ballot boxes are located. Many election workers ensure that everything runs smoothly. They keep the electoral roll and make sure that there is only one voter in a voting booth at a time. The electoral officer of an electoral district is responsible for compliance with the electoral principles and the deployment of election workers. On such a day he is out in the various polling stations.

W.who is elected?
Each citizen who can vote will receive a voting notification that looks like a postcard prior to the election. This card contains the name and address of the voter, his constituency and where he can get his ballot, fill it in and hand it in. Anyone who cannot go to their polling station on the day of the election because they B. is on vacation, can request a postal vote. He then receives his ballot paper in the mail and sends it back to the election control without a sender. In this way, the voting principles are also adhered to with the postal vote.

W.ow does a ballot look like?
At the polling station, every voter receives his or her voting slip from a polling officer. Before doing this, the electoral roll is checked to see whether the information on the voting notification and the voter's identity card match those in the electoral roll. This prevents someone from voting twice or sending someone else to vote. There are two columns on the ballot. In one column are the candidates of the parties for which the first vote is cast. In the second column, voters cast their ticks for their favorite party.

W.How is a ballot invalid?
In addition to abstaining from voting, in which a citizen does not take part in an election, the voter can also invalidate his ballot. Some voters cast more than two votes or strike out the ballot so that it is not counted. Non-voting or invalid voting, however, does not change anything in the end result of an election.

W.Why should the citizens vote?
Every citizenry gets the government that elected them. The voters determine who and, above all, how the country should be governed. Whether the citizens were satisfied with the work of the MPs after the expiry of a term of office is always shown by the election result. If only a small fraction of the population takes part in elections, then this small group determines what the future of everyone else will look like. A government should work for all citizens, so every valid vote on election day is important.