What are the types of digital technology

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Implementation strategy "Shaping digitization"

The federal government wants to shape digital change and make Germany fit for the digital age. To this end, on November 15, 2018, it adopted the implementation strategy “Shaping digitization”. It serves - as a further development of the Digital Agenda 2014-2017 - as a clear political model for shaping digital change for the economy, employees and citizens. The aim is to further improve the quality of life for all people in Germany, to develop the economic and ecological potential of digitization and to ensure social cohesion even in the digital age. Further information on the implementation strategy is available at www.digital-made-in.de.

When developing the implementation strategy, the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy (BMWi) placed particular emphasis on digital innovations and Germany's future competitiveness.

New digital innovations - especially in the field of artificial intelligence - should be made possible with the proviso that we secure our prosperity and preserve our basic values ​​in Germany and Europe. Germany has the will, the ability and the instruments to innovate. At the same time, we also want to promote specific products and practical solutions. The aim is to bring excellent technological products "Made in Germany" and "Made in Europe" onto the market from excellent technological research.

Artificial intelligence strategy

On November 15, 2018, the Federal Government adopted its Artificial Intelligence Strategy. The strategy was developed jointly by BMWi, BMBF and BMAS. With it, the Federal Government wants to secure Germany as an excellent research location, expand the competitiveness of the German economy and promote the diverse application possibilities of AI in all areas of society. The focus is on the benefits for people and the environment and the intensive exchange on the subject of AI with all social groups is to be strengthened. Find out more about the topic here and at www.ki-strategie-deutschland.de.

Blockchain strategy

The German government adopted the blockchain strategy (English version) on September 18, 2019. Blockchain technology is one of the most discussed innovations in the digital transformation of business and society. The Federal Government is required to act in order to clarify and develop the potential of blockchain technology and to prevent the possibility of abuse. The strategy aims to use the opportunities offered by technology and mobilize its potential for digital transformation.

The federal government will take measures in five fields of action by the end of 2021 in order to use the opportunities of blockchain technology and to mobilize its potential. A paper on the implementation status of the blockchain strategy was published on May 18, 2021, you can find it here.

Successfully shaping the digital change in administration in Germany

The German administration also wants to face the digital transformation in order to keep pace. Germany has legally committed itself to ensuring that citizens and companies can process their applications, proofs and reporting obligations to the federal, state and local authorities online by 2022 at the latest. The basis for this is the Online Access Act. The BMWi, together with Hamburg as the leader of the federal states, takes on the implementation of the topic of "managing and developing companies", i.e. the digitization of most administrative services with a business connection. That is around 1,000 individual services. The digitization of business-related administrative services entails considerable legislative adjustments.

In the study "Top 100 Economy - The most important and most frequently used administrative services for companies", valuable preparatory work was done for the next steps. The study is available here.

The digital summit: central platform for digital policy

We can best use the opportunities that digitization offers for business and society if everyone involved works together. The Digital Summit (formerly the National IT Summit) and its annual process are the central platform for cooperation between politics, business, science and society in shaping digital change.

The National IT Summit has been operating as a digital summit since 2017. In doing so, it takes account of the fact that the digital transformation not only affects the telecommunications industry, but also encompasses all industries and society - from the cultural and creative industries to Industry 4.0. The last digital summit took place on November 30th and December 1st, 2020 as a digital event.

Achieve more through intelligent networking

With the Intelligent Networking strategy, the federal government (lead by the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy) aims to specifically exploit digitization potential in key basic sectors of the economy and society (education, energy, health, transport, administration). By making optimal use of the opportunities created by digitization and networking, it makes a significant contribution to increasing prosperity in the general economic and socio-political interest. The strategy is backed by an office (Intelligente Vernetzung initiative) that provides good examples of intelligent networking and reduces information and coordination costs for the actors. Learn more.

Fast networks are the basis

The extensive digitization of our economy and society requires excellent broadband networks that enable speeds in the gigabit-per-second range (for downloading / uploading), reliable real-time transmissions and secure, high-quality internet services.

With a view to Germany's competitiveness and future viability, it is important that the expansion of gigabit networks in fixed (fiber optic connection networks, high-performance broadband cable networks) and mobile communications (5G) takes place quickly. The federal government has therefore set itself an ambitious goal: gigabit networks with as wide a coverage as possible by 2025. This enables a wide range of new business opportunities and business models for network operators, but also requires the willingness to make considerable investments.

Telecommunications regulation in particular can provide strong incentives for private sector investments in new gigabit networks. In Brussels, the Federal Government has campaigned for the new European telecommunications legal framework to allow sufficient leeway for investment-friendly incentive mechanisms with regard to expansion cooperation, which should be used in the best possible way in the upcoming amendment of national law.

Advancing digital integration and qualifications

Digitization particularly affects knowledge, education and training: It places new demands on our work. This makes digital integration and education a crucial goal. With the "D21-Digital-Index", the BMWi is funding the most comprehensive and meaningful study on the status of digitization in Germany.

It is no longer just about helping people get started on the Internet. It's about securing skilled workers in the future - and about digital participation. In a position paper on digital education presented at the 2016 National IT Summit, the BMWi shows how digital learning and skills should be anchored in the entire education chain.