Are there any slang languages

English colloquial language

English colloquial language or slang refers to expressions and idioms that are used in everyday language. In the English language in particular, there are numerous terms that are used as colloquial language. It is therefore an advantage to learn the most important colloquial words in order to understand more than just the train station when talking to a native English speaker.

We have compiled an overview of expressions that are used particularly frequently in everyday English. Just take a look, you are sure to be new to some of the English idioms.

Colloquial English terms

about to

importance: do something
Explanation: If someone is doing something, it is described as “about to”. When a waiter clears the table, he is “about to clear the table”.

alive and kicking

importance: safe and sound
Explanation: This idiom expresses that someone is fine - usually after someone has asked about the health of the person concerned. "How is he?" - "Alive and kicking."


importance: Babbler
Explanation: Someone is called a “babbler” if they often tell nonsense or generally talk too much. He is then called a babbler or babbler. “He talks too much. He is a real babbler. "


importance: damn / -e, / -er, / -es
Explanation: “Bloody” is a very popular and often used expression in English colloquial language. It is used to give a (mostly negative) statement an increased rating. For example, “Bloody” is placed in front of a swear word.


importance: Dollars
Explanation: An abbreviation for the US currency is “buck”. It is widespread in the English colloquial language and probably has its origin from the time of the American founding years. At that time, buckskin was accepted as a means of payment, from which the now known short form “buck” is derived.

Buzz off!

importance: Hiss off!
Explanation: If you want to tell someone in an unfriendly way that he or she should go away, the phrase "Buzz off!" be used. “I do not want to talk to you. Buzz off. "


importance: Cheers!
Explanation: With “cheers” you can toast with others almost anywhere in the world and “toast”. In British English it is also used colloquially to say thank you or to say goodbye.


importance: tapped
Explanation: “Cheesy” is a verb that describes that something is out of date, worn, worn or cheesy. "The love movie was pretty cheesy."

chill out)

importance: calm down, calm down
Explanation: In colloquial English, “chill” or “chill out” is used when someone is supposed to calm down. “Calm down” can also be used as a synonym. In German, “chill” means “relax” or “rest”.

closed book

importance: Book with seven seals
Explanation: A “book with seven seals” is used when someone has not understood something or something is mysterious. The term has its origin in the Revelation of John in the Bible. In English, on the other hand, one speaks quite simply of a “closed book”.


importance: Police officer
Explanation: Another common term in English is “cop”, which means a policeman. Originally, “cop” is derived from the verb “to cop”, which is used to describe the fact that an arrest is being made. “To cop” in turn goes back to the outdated term “to cap” with the same meaning and has its roots in the French verb “capter”, which means “to seize” or “to capture”.


importance: something good
Explanation: A “corker” is originally someone who puts corks into bottles. In colloquial English, “corker” is also used for people who have achieved something great. “He scored the winning goal. He is a real corker. "

corner shop

importance: Mom and pop shop
Explanation: A “corner shop” is known in German as a corner shop and is characterized by a small range of products for everyday use. Sometimes the service takes place by staff behind a counter, where most of the products are located.


importance: could have
Explanation: “Coulda” is a short form for “could have”, which means “could have”. "I needed some fruit for the cake." - "I coulda gone to the market."

couldn't care less

importance: do not care about anything
Explanation: With “couldn't care less” when expressing that someone doesn't care. Basically, this means that there is nothing that interests anyone less.

dirt cheap

importance: dirt cheap
Explanation: This is not cheap filth. With “dirt cheap” you express when something is extremely cheap or inexpensive - just “dirt cheap”.

down to earth

importance: down to earth
Explanation: This describes people who are down to earth, i.e. natural, honest, pragmatic and stable in life. Mostly it is a compliment with which one pays tribute to someone.

down under

importance: Australia
Explanation: A term used frequently around the world for Australia is “down under”. It has its origins in the Latin name “terra australis”, which means “land of the south”. Since Australia is located below the equator on the globe, one speaks of “down under”.

dude, buddy, man

importance: Dude
Explanation: In English, good friends are often referred to as “dude” or “buddy”. Until the 1960s, however, a “dude” was a fashionably dressed man or city dweller who stood out in rural areas with his unusual style of clothing.


importance: no idea (don’t know)
Explanation: “Dunno” is short for “don't know”, which means “I don't know.” > "I dunno."

fair enough

importance: Because of me
Explanation: To express that one agrees with something or has understood something, one uses “fair enough”. "After dinner we should wash the dishes." - "Fair enough."

feel free

importance: to feel free
Explanation: “Feel free” is used to express that you give someone a free hand. Most likely it can be translated as "Feel free in your decision and do what you want or think is right."

freak out

importance: go crazy, disengage
Explanation: A crazy guy is usually referred to as a freak. Obviously, in the English colloquial language, “to freak out” is translated as “freaking out” or “freaking out”.


importance: going to
Explanation: This is a short form of “going to” which is used to express that someone will do something or something will happen.


importance: got you
Explanation: This expression is short for “got you” and means that you caught someone doing something. “Gotcha!” is mostly used as an exclamation.


importance: must (got to)
Explanation: This is an abbreviation for “got to”, which is used to express that someone has to do something. "I gotta clean the desk."

hang on

importance: stay tuned (on the phone)
Explanation: “Hang on” is used in a call when someone does not hang up, ie should stay on the line. In addition, “hang on” can also mean that one should wait. "I think that can be a problem." - "Hang on."

in the sticks

importance: In nowhere, in the pampas
Explanation: If someone is in nowhere, he often describes his position in everyday English as “in the sticks”.


importance: Done
Explanation: The adjective “knackered” expresses that someone is tired, exhausted and broken - just finished and done. “I am about to fall asleep. I'm knackered. "


importance: Bells and whistles
Explanation: "Knick-knack" or frills are clutter and useless items that are not needed. As with “knife” and “know”, the “k” are silent and not pronounced.

make yourself at home

importance: feel like at home
Explanation: If you have visitors and want him to make himself comfortable, you offer him the opportunity to feel at home with “Make yourself at home”.

my bad

importance: My fault, my mistake
Explanation: With “my bad” one expresses that one takes the blame for something and asks for an apology. “The football crashed through the glass. My bad. "

No way!

importance: No way! Really!
Explanation: The exclamation “No way!” has several meanings. It is used when someone wants to express their dissatisfaction or forbid an action, or when they are surprised and used.


importance: no (no)
Explanation: “Nope” is a slang expression for “no” and is used among friends as a (funny) negative.

old fart

importance: old fart (boring)
Explanation: A very crude way of telling someone that you find them boring is to use the term “old fart”.


importance: cheap wine, liquor, booze
Explanation: The noun “plonk” describes a cheap wine, which in German is also known as fusel. As a verb “to plonk” it means “to throw”, “to throw” or “to bang”.


importance: Rip off
Explanation: With “rip-off” or “to get ripped off” one describes a trade that turns out to be bad in retrospect. For example, when the product you bought was far too expensive. “The used cell phone was already broken when I bought it. I was ripped off ”or“ What a ripp-off ”.


importance: filthy, shabby
Explanation: Something is called “scruffy” when you want to express that you find it disgusting. “The hotel was scruffy” expresses that you were not at all satisfied with your hotel.


importance: should have
Explanation: “Shoulda” is an abbreviation for “should have”, which means “should have”. "I shoulda bought the jacket."

shut up

importance: keep your mouth shut
Explanation: If you really want to ask someone to shut up, use this expression. But it may be that he or she doesn't talk to you anymore, so use “Shut up!” advisedly. Because it can also be translated as “shut up” or “shut up”.


importance: superficial, inferior, dodgy
Explanation: If someone is called “sketchy” in American English or “dodgy” in British English, this person is considered superficial, unreliable and dodgy. This description is used for products when they are of inferior quality.


importance: Watch TV
Explanation: “Telly” is the colloquial English term for a television set. "I watched telly all night long."

to eat one’s words

importance: take something back
Explanation: This is not actually eating someone else's words. With “to eat one’s words” someone expresses that he is taking back something he has said before. "I'm sorry, I was wrong. I eat my words. "

to go from bad to worse

importance: something bad anyway worsens
Explanation: This expression is used to express that an already bad situation worsens. So something is getting worse and worse.

to wear many hats

importance: be versatile
Explanation: If someone says they can wear many hats (“She can wear many hats”) they are very versatile and able to do many different things or jobs.

to wow sb.

importance: impress someone, inspire them
Explanation: If you impressed someone, he was “gewowed”. The verb “to wow somebody” expresses that someone could inspire another person. “The presentation was impressive. The speaker wowed the listeners. "


importance: want to
Explanation: This is a short form for “want to” which expresses that someone wants to do something.


importance: What ever
Explanation: In colloquial English “whatever” means something like “Whatever” or “Of course” and expresses that someone does not attach any importance to the statement of the interlocutor because he does not care about it or because he does not believe it.


importance: would have
Explanation: “Woulda” is an abbreviation for “would have”, which means “would”. "I did not go to the cinema today." - "I woulda gone in your place."


importance: Yes)
Explanation: This is a casual expression for “yes”. Mostly “yeah” is also used in connection with a satisfactory event or a pleasant piece of information. "I bought tickets for the concert." - "Yeah."

Would you like to know how fit you are in English grammar and how well you can express yourself? Here you can find information about the TOEFL language test (Test of English as a Foreign Language).