Is NUS good for security research

SKOBB: Safety cooperation for buses and trains

The topic of safety on buses and trains has received increased public attention, especially as a result of individual violent crimes. In particular, the murder of a passerby who rushed to the aid of others in an S-Bahn station in Munich triggered a lot of media coverage. For several years, not only the interior ministers of the federal states have been concerned with improving safety in local public transport and promoting civil courage. Police authorities, transport associations and transport companies are also involved at regional and municipal level.

The topic of security in public transport has become increasingly important in recent years. This is shown, among other things, by the fact that the issue is dealt with in an interdisciplinary manner, especially in municipal committees, and numerous security measures are implemented. However, only rudimentary knowledge is available about the number and actors of the cooperation and coordination bodies that have been set up in recent years and that deal with the topic of "safety in public transport" regionally. In addition, there is a lack of published data on safety in public transport, as well as information on the effectiveness of the various safety measures. The aim of the research project "Safety Cooperation for Bus and Rail (SKOBB)" was to create the basis for a targeted exchange of information and to provide the actors in the committees with practical advice on increasing safety.

The European Center for Crime Prevention eV (EZK), the Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster (WWU), the Bergische Universität Wuppertal (BUW) and the Office for Research, Development and Evaluation (bueffee GbR) contributed to the analysis of the outlined knowledge deficits participated. Associated were the Hamburger Verkehrsverbund (HVV), the Hanover region, the Rhein-Main-Verkehrsverbund GmbH (RMV), the Verkehrsverbund Berlin Brandenburg (VBB), the Verkehrsverbund Oberelbe (VVO) and the Verkehrsverbund Rhein-Ruhr (VRR).

As part of a political and police science analysis, differences and similarities in cooperation relationships between state and federal police stations, transport associations and transport companies were analyzed in six research areas. As a result, insights into the constellations of actors, working methods and content as well as already implemented measures to improve safety in public transport were gained.

In a further sub-project (holistic picture of the situation in public transport), forms of data collection, processing, analysis, processing and joint evaluation of crime in public transport were recorded. Based on this, structural, organizational, content-related and technical requirements for a cooperative situation report were determined within the framework of the project. A nationwide inventory of the selection and implementation of measures by transport companies and associations was the focus of a third sub-project (measure analysis). The question of whether and in what form the transport companies evaluated their safety measures was of major importance.

Collaboration and cooperation were found in all study areas. The project was able to show that the forms of cooperation differ in terms of their objectives on the (criminal) political, strategic and operational level. Ideally, these levels complement each other and are linked to one another. The city of Berlin can be named as an example of this. On the basis of a (published) picture of the situation for public transport, the police and transport companies at various organizational levels make agreements and implement coordinated approaches. A key success factor of security cooperation is that the actors are aware of the benefits of this cooperation. This can consist in the fact that resources can be used in a more targeted manner based on agreements, information can be exchanged and more detailed knowledge of the situation can be obtained.

In each of the cities examined, different forms of assessment of the security situation in the area of ​​public transport were found. The actors can benefit from joint situation reports, in particular, if all those involved have contributed information and made assessments based on a common knowledge base, responsibilities have been clarified and measures have been coordinated. Inspired by the project results from SKOBB, for example, the situation report of the Central Office for Regional Safety Management and Prevention (ZeRP) of the Rhine-Ruhr Transport Association is based on a particularly broad information base. In addition to police findings, assessments of the transport companies are also incorporated. This creates the basis for a joint assessment of the security situation in public transport. A nationwide survey of transport companies also made it clear that there is currently almost no evaluation of the effectiveness of security measures in public transport. As part of the project, a manual was therefore developed that provides decision-makers in transport companies with information about the benefits of evaluations and contains instructions for carrying them out.

Further information on the joint project

Funding numbers 13N12862 to 13N12864

Project duration 07/2013 - 06/2015

SKOBB project outline (pdf file)


Final reports of the sub-projects:

Subproject 13N12862: Analysis of measures (Bergische Universität Wuppertal)

Subproject 13N12863: Political and police science analyzes (Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster)

Subproject 13N12864: Concept development of a holistic situation picture of public transport (European Center for Crime Prevention e.V., Münster)