What if Hitler surrendered earlier?

SOCIALIST MESSAGES

News for German Socialists in England

This newsletter is published for the information of Social Democratic
refugees from Germany who are opposing dictatorship of any kind.

No. 43 - 1942

beginning of November

[Page 1 - ]

DAY OF GERMAN REVOLUTION

Saturday, November 7th, 1942, 6.45 p.m. at the
Austrian Labor Club, 31 Broadhurst Gds, NW6

(near Tube Station: Finchley Road)

I.

Chairman's address

II

Music: Piano-recital by Dr. Friedr. Berend

III

Recital: spoken by ... Dora Segall

  

a)

Saying

Hans Sahl

  

b)

The legacy of the dead

Albin Stuebs[1]

  

c)

Our fight for Germany.
Address given on German Day in New York, 1937[2]

Ernst Toller

  

d)

Don't get dull

Willy Eckenroth

IV

Music: Piano-recital by Dr. Friedr. Berend

V.

Speeches:

  

J. S. Middleton

(General Secretary, British Labor Party)

  

Louis de Brouckere

(former President of the Socialist and Labor International)

   

Erich Ollenhauer

 

VI

Songs: Choir of the Socialist Youth Group
Community Singing: "The International"



Admission free, but there will be a collection for the "HELP FOR RUSSIA FUND"[3]
of the Trade Union Council. (Sir Walter Citrine),
Transport House, London SW1.

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Hitler's winter program

Hitler, Goering, Goebbels and Backe[4] have tried in their last speeches with particular urgency to prove that the war can continue if all available forces are used to rebuild the occupied territories of the Soviet Union.

Nobody will deny that Ukraine and the Kuban area are extraordinarily fertile. The coal extraction of the Donets basin had already reached the total extraction of the Ruhr area in 1939. The oil yield of the Maikop area would also bring significant relief. But the agricultural machines are missing.

There were 20,000 more tractors in use in Ukraine than in the whole of Germany at the beginning of the war. The oil springs have gone up in flames; and the coal mines will also have been destroyed. In short, important prerequisites for Hitler's programs are missing. However, the situation would change significantly if all military operations came to a standstill. Hitler's winter program is a compromise solution. His intention is obviously to stabilize the front in the east up to the mouth of the Volga, while the offensive in the Caucasus is to continue until the conquest of Baku.

The African front requires relatively little force and the Atlantic front in the west seems to be out of danger at least during the winter. Under these desired circumstances, the army would be able to leave a significant number of skilled workers on leave, and the urgent problem, the shortage of skilled workers, would be temporarily resolved. In purely numerical terms, the labor problem has become more favorable for German industry through the compulsory employment of prisoners of war and foreign civilian workers.

However, Hitler and Sauckel seem to have made a miscalculation here. The performance of the 6 million foreign workers is undoubtedly well below the average. At the same time, the Hitler program requires political stability in the occupied countries and territories.

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It is quite possible that the SS police divisions, supported by so-called security formations (formed from the local population), can maintain this stability for a certain time; but today it is hardly sufficient for a regular economic activity.

It must therefore be assumed that Hitler's winter program will accelerate the concentration of all European means of production within the German borders. Raw materials, machines and people are concentrated in Germany in order to bring war production back to 1941 levels.

In the coming winter the western and northern European countries will come close to complete exhaustion, and the importation of more workers from the east will probably come to a standstill, because the point of attachment of German agriculture and industry with foreign workers for economic and even more for political reasons is reached.

The production of raw materials in German industry has undoubtedly passed its peak. Machine equipment in agriculture and manufacturing has deteriorated. The individual work performance is therefore falling despite far-reaching rationalization.

The Nazis' mystical belief in organization cannot change these things. Constant reorganization is just as incapable of eliminating the incipient shortage of important raw materials. The complete militarization of Germany seems to have given the term organization more the barrack yard meaning of the word. In this sense, the occupied territories have undoubtedly been excellently organized. However, there are signs that within Germany one branch of industry is being organized in the same way for the benefit of another.

The famous New Economic Order of Europe did not materialize. The economic cooperation with the Western European countries has inevitably been dismantled, although French, Belgian and Dutch industrialists were ready to expand the cooperation further. The essential prerequisite for a functioning cooperation was

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Introduction of the German economic organization. This attempt got stuck in all countries. But Germany could not replace the raw material imports from overseas countries either. The collaboration therefore ended in a sell-off of the occupied countries.

The pre-war economic relations between the European countries have been completely destroyed, and Germany is more and more forced to take direct control of economic life in the occupied countries. The longer the war lasts, the less Germany’s means of fulfilling this task become.

Agriculture in Europe paints the same picture. The harvest that was brought in in 1942 again fell short of the previous year's result, and Germany will increasingly have to be fed at the expense of the occupied countries.

However, these tendencies of the present development must not be confused with the present state of affairs. The production program for the coming winter will hardly lag behind the actual production for the winter of 1941/42. It should not be forgotten that the total production of German industry is very large, and that the share of pure war production increased still further in the course of 1942.

Hitler's winter program of 1942/43 can only be significantly disrupted if the German armies are forced to fight on all fronts throughout the winter.



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Many thanks to all friends and comrades!

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A debate on Germany in the USA

Discussions similar to those that have been going on in England for many months about the "German problem" are now also beginning in the United States. From a summary report by Gen. Dr. Siegfr. Marck in the New Yorker "Volkszeitung" we bring the following extract:

I. Dramatis Personae

"Germany-Discussion is the common name for debates on the two questions: Is Hitlerism and Germanness identical?What should happen to Germany if the United Nations wins? The connection between these two questions is clear: if Hitler is Germany, then in the event of his defeat Hitler must suffer a certain lot of annihilation Germany. If a distinction is made between Nazis and Germans, after the extermination of the Nazis, the Germans can be given a peace that allows them to exist as a political body ...

In the past summer months, this discussion was carried out particularly passionately in the weekly "Aufbau", which serves the interests of German-Jewish immigration. Of course stood Emil Ludwig[5] at the center of the heated controversy of opinions. There will always be heated fighting around him ...

In order to understand the vehemence with which some people react against Ludwig, one must bear in mind that he has become a type. The type of Schoengeistes as a historianwho is hated by the future and even more so by the many honestly endeavored fellow runners of the experts ...

About Ludwig's antagonist in this debate, Professor Paul TillichLong years ago a young student once said to me in a philosophical discussion: "That is the most honest speaker I have heard!" If Ludwig tries to take everything difficult lightly, Tillich certainly transforms everything light into difficult - in this a real German, according to Goethe's famous words ... "

If Ludwig calls him a national liberal, then of all things, this designation only has to be given to everyone

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superficial connoisseurs of Tillich's writings seem a bit strange ...

When it comes to anti-Germanism, be a professor Friedrich Wilhelm Foerster not far away. His Christian Buss preaching, his tireless accusation against the Germans as worshipers of violence is well known. Finally, among the characters in the drama, there are those who have been introduced collectively: journalists, poets, professors, Zionists, Jewish and non-Jewish anti-fascists, emigrants, immigrants and the average newspaper readers who venture into the letters to the editor.

II. The collision.

The New York papers had one Ludwig's war target speech creates great publicity. Some key sentences from her had been torn out of context and quoted: He had demanded that the Germans in the event of their defeat arms, education and government would be taken away. It was also said that he had described philosophy and religion as such as absolutely incompatible with the German national character. This was followed by Tillich's armed letter to 'Aufbau' that Ludwig's anti-Germanism was an application of Nazi methods to the German people. The anti-Semites lump all Jews and the anti-Germanists [!] All Germans into one pot ...

Thereupon some responded with letters to Tillich, most of which approved of his factual criticism of Ludwig, but regretted the use of the Jewish question and the establishment of a contrast between Jewish and non-Jewish anti-Nazis in this debate. A critic of Tillich called Ludwig's proposals with regard to the education of the German people by foreign teachers absurd, but at the same time protested in the most violent way against Tillich's 'provocative Goennerism' towards the Jews ...

On the other hand, a Jewish national, Zionist pioneer Tillich applauded: the Jewish patriots, she said, not only fought against the slave owners, but also against a slave mentality, the into a vengeance

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want to transform the addictive oppression of tomorrow. But then Ludwig appeared as a key witness Friedrich Wilhelm Foerster on the plan and underlined that the Nazi spirit had been the rule in Germany over the past two centuries, but the love of peace the exception. Even if the majority of the German people was not Pan-German, it was a passive majority, with no influence on the active and dominant minority. And of course Foerster did not miss the opportunity to wipe out the German Social Democrats. They remained the slaves of the industrialists who sabotaged the reparations. And the military masters who made disarmament impossible.

The full text of Emil Ludwig's speechembarrassed friend and foe alike. What did he really say? Nothing so bad about the future. There are sentences that are far more committed to the "Atlantic Charter" than to Lord Vansittart: no enslavement, no material annihilation, no political dissolution of Germany!

But for a time curatorial with the removal of all weapons, including the revolvers of German policemen, with supervision of education by foreign educators; no new German democracy with self-government and its own legislative body. For a time only advisory German parliaments and participation of German pedagogues in re-education abroad. But anyway it was the whole tone of Ludwig's speech, it was also his crooked judgments about the German past, which contradict his own political consequences, which caused the sharply anti-German accentuation in the abbreviated rendering of his speech. Because the one who claims that the majority of the German people had the murder of Rathenau in 1922[6] cheered or Hitler was the ruler chosen in free elections by the German people themselves, is probably in somewhat palpable contradiction with what was really going on. And with such an assessment of things he would not only have to [the] temporary Kuratel, but the permanent Want to destroy a German state. So it is above all the tone of his speech that suggested its interpretation in the sense of Vansittartism and not the Atlantic Charter.

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Tillich reacted very politely to the criticism made of him. He frankly admitted that Ludwig had not spoken on behalf of the Jews and that his somewhat threatening appeal to the German Jews was the result of a momentary excitement. But [he] reiterated that the method of generalizing group characteristics is what is actually dangerous and confusing whether this method is used against Germans or Jews. And he was undoubtedly right. In a manifesto 'To the German Patriots in Exile', Emil Ludwig disguised his position, which had apparently improved after Tillich's withdrawal. For now he was speaking in the name of the Jews and violently dismissed those among them who, like beaten dogs, still loved or defended the German people.

The aftermath of the debate, among them that of B. Quarter and another from Professor Carl Landauer, have given quieter and more objective statements. The editors of the 'Aufbau' have announced their attempt to solve the German question by expanding the European question. However, this discussion will not end either there or anywhere else. It will part ways in war and peace for a long time to come.

III. The bottom line

"The so-called annihilation of Germany is just as empty a word, a non-existent absurdity as is Hitler's victory. "This sentence, which Thomas Mann uttered in a radio speech sent to Germany, and which was also referred to as a contribution to his discussion by the 'Aufbau', takes care of many a back and forth of opinions in a sovereign way Sentence really thinks about it, will see that.

What else can be learned from the long-spun debate in those columns?

First of all, I really believe that the whole problem can be solved even less emotionally than other political questions. But that it requires the highest wisdom, and that means a coexistence of passion and naughtiness of the statesmen. Therefore, the connection of this debate with the attitude of the abused Jews is dangerous. As participants in the discussion, they must try to

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to control legitimate vengeance. But that is really not easy with such an accumulation of animal crimes. Nevertheless, I believe that the second facit is that the 'poll' proposed by Ludwig in these circles too: Do ​​you feel driven out by the Germans or the Nazis? a large majority of the answers: from the Nazis! would result.

Third, if not the majority of opinions, then certainly the strength of the arguments will stand on the side of those who support one Punishment of the guilty of the Vengeance on a people want to separate.

Fourth, this debate has also shown how fruitful the thought of one is Cooling off period between an armistice and a final peace agreement. Because some of the Ludwig Foerster proposals are definitely debatable if they really are a clearly limited transition and is not seen as a permanent solution. After all, it is true that the Germany problem turns into the Europe problem and the planet problem. Because if such new orders are created, which in the sense of the Atlantic Charter really free the peoples from economic shortages and fear of war, the Germans will also accept these solutions after a hard time in which they labored under the consequences of the criminal regime.

But if a real reorganization is not achieved, they will see themselves again as the stepchild of the world and then again find allies who also rightly or wrongly see themselves as outcasts. "

"Hitlerite Germany
at the Beginning of the Fourth Year of War ",

This is the title of another report that will be published soon by the SPD party executive and which will be sent to our readers with the next issue of the SM. It is a reproduction of original reports. There are German seamen, German merchants, German workers, a German military doctor and a person in the diplomatic service who this time report on the mood of the population, in the party and in the army and the living conditions in the Third Reich.

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The Soviet Union at war

Treated in a book "The Soviet Home Front" published by the Fabian Society in Gollancz-Verlag N. Barou[7] with brief eloquence and with the help of statistical representations those non-military factors that explain the tenacious resistance of the Soviet Union to the fury of the Nazi attack.

He points to the development of industrial production in the Soviet Union, where steel production quadrupled from 1913 to 1940, coal production sixfold, oil production sevenfold, with a simultaneous rapid growth of the industrial workforce and the increasing mechanization of agriculture, in and Two thirds of the population still live on it.

As the author emphasizes, this development of production took place "predominantly in the direction of a war economy". In addition, the vast area of ​​the Soviet Union granted the possibility of industrial evacuation of workers, machines and factories from the attacked areas.

And finally, the administrative system of the Soviet Union, which makes all production state property and a party as the sole central leader of political, industrial, trade union, social and cultural life, offers opportunities to explain the effectiveness of the countermeasures and the war economy.

Barou's writing contains many revealing details about the life of the Russian "home front", about the competition of the evacuated with the remaining companies, about school accommodation and health care, about food rationing (which is carried out according to three classes: industrial workers, non-industrial workers and non-workers), About the trade unions (in which 85% of all wage earners are organized), about the (predominantly patriotic) war propaganda and a nationality policy that led to the unification of the Soviet Union while respecting the individual language of the different peoples.

One can be grateful to the author for the presentation of these facts, and no one will

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Astonishment for what has been achieved in the Soviet Union and want to ignore the appeal that he makes to the Western powers to provide the Soviet Union in its current danger with every effective aid.

To what extent this aid, also in material and industrial areas, is necessary and has already been granted, that is of course a fact that also belongs to the image of the "Soviet Home Front".

The author rightly refuses to compare the standard of living of the Soviet population with the higher standard of living in the Western states, because the historical conditions are so different. One may add, however, that the military resistance of the Soviet Union cannot be compared with the shorter and weaker ones of states such as Poland, France and Greece, because here, too, completely different conditions prevailed: none of the countries attacked by Hitler and his allies up to now (with the exception China) also had only a tenth the territory and a third of the population of the Soviet Union; none had worked so totally and ruthlessly for the war.

For the discussion of the great and meaningful resistance of the Soviet Union, Barou's handwriting is an extremely valuable aid.

For the discussion of the advantages and disadvantages of the Soviet system, a representation based on the performance of the war can of course contribute little.

For example, nobody will want to draw conclusions about the quality of the Hitler regime from the war successes of the German army. Even if one restricts oneself to increased production and technical achievements, a comparison would first be necessary with those other countries that were also industrialized, electrified and organized only since the last world war without obeying the same system as the Soviet Union. It is regrettable that in the numerous literature on Russia, which is too much propaganda and too little factual research, such an attempt seems to be lacking so far.



Issued by the London Representative of the German Social
Democratic Party, 33 Fernside Avenue, London, N.W. 7. Tel: MILL HILL 3915

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Refugee fates

We have often reported in these communications about the refugee shortage in France and about the health and nutritional status in internment camps in southern France, about the emigration difficulties, etc. The efforts to rescue the refugees in southern France are of course continued by various committees, organizations and authorities. Some figures about the status of the refugee situation in France may provide information about the size and difficulty of this work, which we will only give briefly:

Number of refugees

1) Jews: Germans, stateless persons and Jews from many other nations. Many thousands. An increasing number of people arrested and imprisoned in concentration camps.

2) Spanish Republicans: 100,000 to 120,000 in France and Africa. 8,000 in camps. The rest in many thousands of labor battalions.

3) anti-fascist refugees:

    a)Social democrats: About 120 refugees, not counting family members. Partly in internment camps, partly in labor companies, partly in freedom. Many in forced residence, others illegally.

    b)Other political refugees: Large number, unknown how many. Few details available. Many living illegally. Partly in work companies, partly in villages under guard.

    c)International brigades: 500 to 600 in France. 900 in Africa. Germans and those from occupied countries, including Czechs, Dutch, Italians, Poles, Yugoslavs, Bulgarians, etc. 200 in Camp Le Vernet, 300 in other camps, over 100 living illegally.

Deportations:

1) Jews: Radio Paris reports on March 17th: 4,000 foreign Jews deported. France newspaper[8]; on 7.IX .: all Jews deported from the Gurs, Les Milles and Recebedou camps. Secretary of the Swiss Workers Relief Organization reports:

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10,000 German Jews deported between August 4 and 16, Gurs almost emptied. 1,000 from Rivesaltes, approx. 400 to 500 from Les Milles, 115 from Vernet. A number of Jews who were certain to be deported remained vacant because they provided replacements. Children were spared.

2) Spaniards: Laval seems to have agreed to exchange Spanish refugees for French prisoners of war. Numerous groups of workers have been working in the occupied area and in Germany for a long time.

3) anti-fascist refugees:

    a)Social democrats: Delivered or "repatriated" 12, including Breitscheid, Hilferding, Hanna Kirchner[9], Richard Kirn[10], W. Meyer, Schott[11], K. Zempelburg[12]. Further extradition proceedings are ongoing.

    b)Other anti-fascists: Delivered: Ms. Elektra Fellastrini[13], Pietro das Pozzo, Faravelli[14], Giovanni Nicola[15], Carlo Farini[16] (all Italian), Dr. Auerbach[17], Woellers[18], Walke, Hahn, Gebr. Lehnmann, Dahlem, Rauh[19], Raedel[20], Ganzer, R. Leonhard[21], Neelsen et al. m. (all German). In danger of being deported: Pietro Nenni, Aladino, Bibolotti[22], Parodies.[23]

    c)International Brigades: Members of the interbrigades already extradited. Among the extradited: Luigi Gallo Longon[24] (May 1942). Danger for Felix Platone[25].

Soviet Russia arrests Henryk Erlich and Victor Alter

Under this title a small brochure was published by the "American Delegation of the General Jewish Workers Union of Poland"[26] published in which the particular circumstances of the arrest of the Polish socialist leaders in Russia are reported. Age and Erlich (the latter is a member of the executive branch of the Socialist Workers' International) were able to leave Warsaw in time after the outbreak of war, organized the illegal fight against Hitler in Poland and were supposed to come to England on behalf of the Polish government-in-exile in London. Against theirs

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Detention in the Soviet prisons was carried out by influential American labor organizations, including the "American Jewish Labor Committee" (Chairman: Adolph Held[27]) and the "Jewish Daily Forward" (Editor-in-Chief: Abraham Cahan), directed telegraphic protests to the Soviet authorities, so far unsuccessful.

German-Americans and German saboteurs

During the summer in various parts of the United States one could see powerful demonstrations, which should show America's readiness for war and combat strength. One saw the groups of foreign-borns everywhere in the trains. German costume clubs marched with them, the majority of which were closer to "Heil Hitler" than to the Victory for America before Pearl Harbor ...

On the last Sunday of September it even happened that in the Yorkville district (New York's strongest German district) a street festival for America's struggle was arranged by bourgeois German associations. The festival streets were decorated patriotically, music bands gave concerts, which were provided by German restaurants, official personalities celebrated the willingness of the German-Americans to use all their strength for the victory of the Allies from tribunes. Women and girls in German national costumes sold warbonds and the occasional kisses. 140,000 dollars came together. Everything for Uncle Sam and very enjoyable in effect.

How many of these clubs did not know exactly where they belonged eight months ago! How many of these clubs sympathized a year ago with those German-American Nazi bigwigs who are now saboteurs under lock and key, or years ago they took part in that German gymnastics festival, at which Nazi bigwigs paced the front and thousands of hands stretched out to greet Hitler. The "Neue Volkszeitung", which captured this Nazi spectacle in the photo, was so polite not to remind you of that embarrassing document during these days of repentance or contemplation; she didn’t want to throw clubs between the legs of those who did not learn. - Is it really a repentance, a relearning? Is it "appeasement", insecurity, material speculation? Or is the former half-brown fellow runners

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became aware of the vengeance the Third Reich could take on the wavering after an axis victory? Perhaps it dawns on you what economic ruin a victory of Japan over the white world and above all over America would bring?

It is probably something of everything that plays a moving role in this new picture, and it remains difficult to say in how many the repentance is real, in how many it is hypocritical.

The crowd of those decidedly democratic German-Americans who have been fighting against the fascist threat to the world since today and yesterday see this reorientation with two cheerful eyes. This crowd predicted the moral shame of the half- and all-brown camp. At the head of this struggle were those social democratic German workers who, in the factories, meetings, health insurance branches and gymnastics camps, never tired of defending the American adopted home against the lukewarm or malicious, against the disguised or open supporters of the dictators.

When the Nazi hurray film "Sieg im Westen" was shown in the same Yorkville last summer, it was social democratic German men and women who paced up and down in front of the cinema with denouncing signs. For this they were insulted and mocked by the German home crowd. The disgraceful film reached a record number of visitors. Much of this same crowd is now decorating streets for America's War Loan. The crowd of our German-American comrades, however, reaps the triumphs of those who did not want to hear at first and whose political thoughts the majority of those who are new to learn must celebrate today - with drums and trumpets, with democratic-patriotic speeches and warbonds kisses.



[Event information]

Fabian Autumn Lectures
Conway Hall, Red Lion Square, London WC1. Saturdays.

November 14th. 2.15 p.m .: Plan for the Land.
Lecturer: A. G. Street[28],
Chairman: Lord Addison[29].

November 21st. 2.15 p.m .: Plan for Social Security.
Lecturer: Sir William Beveridge[30],
Chairman: Dr. W. A. ​​Robson[31].

November 28th. 2.15 p.m .: Choosing the Planners.
Lecturer: Harold J. Laski,
Chairman: Margaret Cole.

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German Social Democrats in Bolivia

In the number of the von Wenzel Jaksch "Social Democrat" published under the title: "Bolivia as a model" Words of recognition for the work of German social democratic emigrants in Bolivia (South America).

"What German social-democratic emigration could achieve if its host countries understood their political and moral qualities is demonstrated by the South American Republic of Bolivia. Among the free Europeans who immigrated there is also Comrade Ernst Schumacher, who was secretary of the Lower Rhine district until 1933 This man's thirst for political activity found a fertile field of activity in Bolivia too. Three years ago he founded an anti-fascist German weekly newspaper in La Paz, the 'Rundschau vom Illimani'. The Axis agents also tried, of course, to penetrate Bolivia But they did the math without Schumacher and the immigrant free Germans, who already knew all the tricks of Hitler's and Mussolini's soldiers and made their knowledge available to the Bolivian government voluntarily and selflessly the axis nests in Bolivia were fumigated, dug up and destroyed. The Bolivian state police only had the execution. The preparation was done by the German anti-fascists with the usual thoroughness and with a sense of duty, which was increased by the sweet feeling of revenge for the Gestapo mess in Europe. How it was done will fill an exciting novel after the war.

The 'Rundschau vom Illimani' celebrated in July 1942 the festival of their three years of extremely successful struggle. Ernst Schumacher had the satisfaction of being able to print congratulatory messages from the Bolivian state president, the interior minister, the defense minister, the chief of the general staff, the ambassadors of the United States and Great Britain and the consul of the Netherlands in two anniversary numbers.

In general, there seems to be a better political climate in La Paz, such as - in London. There are

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a congregation of the 'Free Europeans'. In the 'Rundschau' of July 13th we see 'Free Austrians', 'Free Czechoslovaks', 'Free Hungarians' and 'Free Germans' together with the US Ambassador, Mr. Pierre de Boal[32], photographed.

In a meeting of like-minded people, Ernst Schumacher also drafted a comprehensive program on 'Free Germany in a free Europe'. His proposals culminated in the endorsement of a 'Union of United Soldiers of Europe', the creation of a European militia and a joint European defense council.

We congratulate Comrade Schumacher on his successful activity. In the heart of South America there is an example of what German social democrats are able to achieve for the cause of freedom when they have the ground of a political possibility under their feet and are a little encouraged by the understanding of other peoples. "

In addition, we would like to add that, according to the reports we have received, the 'Association of Free Germans' formed in Bolivia is making good progress. Local groups have also been founded in Santa Cruz, Cochabamba, Oruro, Sucre and Potosi. The chairman of the association is Ernst Schumacher, his deputy Gen. Arthur Gross, former social democratic youth secretary in Chemnitz. The leading functionaries of the association are mostly former social democratic members who already held leading positions in the trade unions, the party and in companies in Germany. Many of these comrades had done illegal work against Hitler and his gangsters in Germany or in the countries bordering on Germany before the war. With the help of the Social Democratic Refugee Aid, almost 200 German Social Democrats found a second host country for their emigration in Bolivia.

Dr. Ludwig Czech[33] is dead

The Theresienstadt concentration camp is one of the blessings of Hitler's "New Order". There the 72-year-old former party chairman of the Sudeten German Social Democracy, Minister for People's Welfare up to the Munich Pact, died. He was a valiant opponent of Hitler and Henlein and was therefore hated and persecuted by his opponents. We have a lot to thank him for!

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South African letter

With Japan's entry into the war, South Africa has now also got to grips with the actual war events. But still South Africa remains a happy country.There are no ration cards for food and clothing. Only petrol and car tires are rationed, which is perceived as a hardship by "spoiled" people. But otherwise everyone can buy what they like, and some people still do so in abundance.

The government has made all hamstering a criminal offense and has also set the prices for all essential goods and articles. Some articles are of course a bit scarce. Many finished articles were imported from overseas into South Africa. Now, in wartime, things are being made that were never thought of in peacetime.

South Africa has now become an important link in the supply of the armies in the Middle East, and the many convoys that moor here on their routes have to be supplied with everything. The consequence is that in certain times of the year agricultural products are subject to a certain price increase. The farmers have the profit. But still South Africa is and remains a happy country, at least for the moment, even if, for example, 8 to 10 shillings more have to be paid for a sack of potatoes than before. However, the spoiled gentleman will no longer be able to buy the latest style of American shirts, but will have to be content with a "Made in South Africa" ​​label.

Most of the population is united in support of the government's war effort. The South African army consists only of volunteers and has proven in all African campaigns that it is not made of the worst wood. The responsible statesmen of South Africa express at every opportunity that they are determined to victoriously end the war on the side of the Allies. The so-called opposition, which is made up of Boer nationalist circles, believes that it will inhibit South Africa's war effort if it does everything that could undermine the morale of the country. Some terrorist groups operate particularly in the Transval, those after

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True to the Nazi pattern, throw bombs here and there and cut telephone cables. Aware of its strength, the government first turned to the common sense of the opposition in order to stop the assassination psychosis unknown in South Africa. The reaction was not particularly great, although prominent Boers from the national camp let out their warning voices. "Real Nazis" always interpret something like that as a weakness. The government is therefore now proceeding with all the severity of the law. Two of the "heroes" were recently sentenced to death.

Here, too, the policy of the Fifth Column is directed towards the Axis powers. They hope to get a self-sufficient [!] Boer republic out of Hitler's hands. In a worldly strangeness these people can hardly be surpassed.

South Africa is doing an enormous amount for the common war effort, which will lead to the final annihilation of the brown, black and yellow fascism.

Two 75 year olds in our midst

Here in England, in our midst, lives Elisabeth Eisner[34]: Socialist, reformer, painter and widow of Kurt Eisner[35]. On November 8th she will be 75 years old: 75 years of an infinitely difficult, fateful and infinitely rich life lie behind her. These 75 years have not taken anything from her vitality, her concern and her warm motherliness. She is still the youngest among us.

And Julius Lederer[36], who has already passed his 75th birthday this year, has served for 30 years in Nuernberg in the company and in the trade union, as a speaker and with the pen of the working class, has followed the world events with great sympathy for ten years in emigration still want to be there!

Both seventies have come a long way to attend our weekend meeting.

We greet you, dear Elisabeth Eisner, dear Julius Lederer!

[Event information]


Austrian Republic Day. Thursday, November 12th, 7:00 am,
at Caxton Hall, Caxton Street.

All details can be found on the enclosed leaflet.
All comrades may attend this celebration!

[Page: - 20 -]

Weekend meeting of registered SPD comrades in England
at the Austrian Labor Club, 31 Broadhurst Gds., London


Saturday November 7th, 3.30 p.m.: "German Social Democrats in Emigration",
Speaker: Wilhelm Sander

4.00 p.m .:
"The socialist movement during the war and after the war",
Speaker: Hans Vogel

6.45 p.m .:
Greetings and revolution celebration.
Speaker: J. S. Middleton, Louis de Brouckere, Erich Ollenhauer

Sunday November 8th,
10.00 a.m.: Pronunciation
1.30 p.m.: Group lunch



V E R A N S T A L T U N G E N

in November 1942


Friday November 20th, 7.00 p.m .: Lecture: "Western Europe in the fight against Hitler". The speaker is expected to be a member of an Allied government.


Friday December 4th, 7.00 p.m .: Lecture "Eastern Europe in the fight against Hitler". The speaker is expected to be a member of the Labor Party.


Sunday November 29th, 2.30 p.m., Wigmore Hall, 36-40 Wigmore Street, London W1 .:
Artistic event for the benefit of the fund "Lidice shall live".
Performances:

    1. Franz Osborn:[37] Piano;Jul. Gutmann:[38] singing
      On the wing: Dr. Friedrich Behrend
      Beethoven, Schubert, Russian and Czechoslovak masters.

    2. Addressing the colleague J. Pride

    3. Josef Plaut: Serious and cheerful

Tickets for the price of sh 1/6 and 2 / - with the officials.



Saturday, December 26th, 4.00 p.m., Christmas party (Local information later)
Social get-togethers - colorful informal lectures - raffle of books and small gifts.






Editorial notes


1 - Albin Stübs (born 1900), German writer, from 1933 exile in the CSR, 1938 Great Britain, interned in 1940 and brought to Australia, in 1941 back in Great Britain. 1947 return to Germany.

2 - German Day in New York was celebrated on December 14th in memory of the first German immigrants to the USA. It should also remind of the democratic tradition of immigrants. E. Toller was the main speaker at the 1936 celebration, but his speech was not published until 1937.

3 - Shortly after the German attack on the Soviet Union, the Labor Party, TUC and the cooperative movement set up aid fund for the Russian labor movement.

4 - Herbert Backe (1896 - 1947), from 1942 head of the Reich Ministry of Agriculture, from 1943 to 1945 Nazi Reich Minister and Reich Farm Leader; Suicide.

5 - Emil Ludwig (1881-1948), German (historicizing) writer, 1940-1945 in the USA. Most German emigrants in the USA considered him a Vansittartist.

6 - Walther Rathenau (1867 - 1922), member of the AEG board of directors from 1899 ff., German Foreign Minister in 1922, murdered by right-wing extremist anti-Semites.

7 - N. Barou: The Soviet Home Front, London no year. Noah Barou (born 1889), Russian-born British economist, banker and writer, temporarily working for Soviet banks abroad.

8 - "France", published weekly in London 1940-1944, founded among other things. by Georges Gombault (s. d.).

9 - Johanna Kirchner (1889 - 1944), German social democrat, married to Karl Kirchner until 1926 (see SM 79/80, Oct./Nov. 1945, note 58), from 1933 exile in the Saar area, 1935 France, interned in 1940 and later extradited to the Gestapo, executed.

10 - Richard Kirn (1902-1979), social democratic politician from the Saar, exile in France from 1935, expatriated in 1937, sentenced to prison in Germany in 1943. 1947-1955 SPS Minister for Labor and Welfare in Saarland.

11 - Friedrich Schott (1905-1969), German Social Democrat, exile in the Saar area from 1934, France 1935, interned in 1940-1942, extradited in 1942, imprisoned until 1945.

12 - No biographical information could be determined for W. Meyer and K. Zempelburg.

13 - "Fellastrini": Elettra Pollastrini (born 1906), Italian communist, from 1924 in French exile, interned in 1939, from 1943 forced labor near Augsburg.

14 - Giuseppe Faravelli (1896-1974), Italian socialist, exile in France from 1929, extradited to Italy in 1942 and sentenced to 30 years in prison.

15 - Giovanni Nicola (1890-1971), Italian communist, imprisoned in Italy since 1926, fled to France in 1936, interned in 1940, extradited to Italy in 1941, liberated in 1943, resistance activity.

16 - Carlo Farini (1895-1974), Italian communist, exile in France from 1928, Soviet Union in 1933, participant in the Spanish Civil War in 1937, interned in 1939, later extradited to Italy, liberated in 1943, resistance activity.

17 - Philipp Auerbach (1906 - 1952), DDP and Reichsbannemember before 1933, exile in France from 1933, expatriated in 1938, interned in 1939, taken to Berlin in 1940, in various concentration camps until 1945.

18 - "Woellers": It could be Werner Wohlers (1915-1943), a German communist in exile in France, expatriated in 1940, who was extradited to the Gestapo and shot.

19 - "Rauh": Heinrich Rau (1899-1961), German communist, 1928-1933 MdL Prussia, 1933-1935 imprisoned, from 1935 exile in the CSR, 1936 Soviet Union, 1937 participant in the Spanish Civil War, 1938 wounded in France , Interned in 1939, expatriated in 1940, extradited to the Gestapo in 1942, imprisoned until 1945, from 1949 various ministerial offices in the GDR.

20 - "Raedel": Siegfried Rädel (1893-1943), German communist, 1924-1933 Member of the Republic, from 1933 exile in the CSR, 1935 USSR, 1936 France, interned in 1939, extradited in 1942, executed in Berlin.

21 - Rudolf Leonhard (1889 - 1953), socialist writer, from 1927 in France, expatriated in 1934, interned in 1939, but was able to escape before being extradited, in the Resistance, returned to Germany in 1950.

22 - Aladino Bibolotti (1891-1951), Italian communist, imprisoned 1925-1934, then escaped to France, interned in 1940, escaped in 1941, imprisoned in Italy 1942-1943.

23 - Giovanni Parodi (1889-1962), Italian communist, interned in France 1940-1941, should be extradited, escaped underground.

24 - "Longon": Luigi Longo (1900-1980), cover name: Gallo, Italian communist, co-founder of the PCI (1921), exile in France from 1927, 1933-1934 in Moscow, participant in the Spanish Civil War, later interned in France, Liberated in 1943, partisan activity from 1943 to 1945; 1964-1972 Secretary General of the PCI.

25 - Felice Platone (1899-1955), Italian communist, stayed in Moscow from 1933-1936, then interned in France, fled to Italy in 1941, where he worked in the resistance.

26 - The bibliographical information in the brochure could not be determined. See, however, American Representation of General Jewish Workers' Union of Poland (ed.): The Case of Henryk Erlich and Victor Alter, New York 1943.
Henryk Erlich (1882-1941) and Victor Alter (1890-1941) were two Bund leaders who escaped to the Soviet-occupied part of Poland in 1939 and were arrested. Both were executed - not yet known in London in 1942 - on December 4, 1941.

27 - Adolph Held (1885-1969), American-Jewish trade unionist and journalist, from 1938 chairman of the Jewish Labor Committee.

28 - Arthur George Street (born 1892), British writer.

29 - Christopher Addison (1869-1951), Professor of Anatomy, Labor MP 1910-1922, 1929-1931 and 1934-1935.

30 - William Beveridge (1879-1969), 1919-1937 Director of the London School of Economics, 1944-1945 Labor MP, multiple honorary doctorates.

31 - William Alexander Robson (1895-1980), Professor of Administrative Law.

32 - "Pierre de Boal": Pierre de Lagarde Boal (1895-1966), US diplomat born in France.

33 - Ludwig Czech (1870-1942), lawyer. 1921-1938 chairman of the DSAP in the CSR, various ministerial functions from 1929 ff., Taken to the Theresienstadt concentration camp as seriously ill in mid-March 1942 and died there of pneumonia on the night of August 20, 1942. The Theresienstadt concentration camp was wrongly regarded as the "showcase concentration camp" of the National Socialists. See Hans Günther Adler: Theresienstadt 1941-1945. The face of a coercive community, Tübingen 1955.

34 - Elisabeth Eisner, née Hendrich (1867 - 1949), SPD since 1900, employee of "Equality", 1933 exile in the CSR, from 1939 until death in Great Britain.

35 - Kurt Eisner (1867 - 1919), social democratic journalist and politician, USPD during World War I, Bavarian Prime Minister since 1918, murdered in 1919.

36 - Julius Lederer (1867 - 1943), German trade unionist and social democrat born in Bohemia, commercial agent, later worked as a journalist for the German social democratic party press and in workers' education, 1933 exile in the CSR, 1939 Great Britain.

37 - Franz Osborn (1905-1955), German pianist, exile in Great Britain in 1933.

38 - Julius Gutmann, German singer from Hamburg, after 1933 exile in the CSR and Great Britain, member of the FDKB in Great Britain.



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