What are interesting facts about Ulster

Overview of the topics: statistics, facts about Ireland


1 Status: January 2003 First of all: This information is subjectively or subjectively put together and should not prevent anyone from making his own experiences. They are intended for German ERASMUS students who live longer in Ireland or Dublin. They are independent of official and commercial providers and therefore also deal with the less nice sides of Ireland. There is no guarantee for all information and web links (in particular legal and health tips and price information), see disclaimer. If you want to download this information as a PDF file in the compact version (without pictures), you can do so here! For this you need the Acrobat Reader (C) from version 4.0 upwards. Pictures are not included for reasons of better downloadability, which sometimes results in incomprehensible sentences then check the website again! Have fun! Overview of the topics: Statistics, facts about Ireland Overview of the topics: Ireland in general Statistical data, climate, language, religion, local time money / currency, phone calls / mail Visa and entry requirements, crime diseases, insurance and vaccination protection * Electricity and socket Means of transport in Ireland (bus, bike, car, train) Flights to Ireland Dublin in particular: Price level art museums and art galleries, theaters / cinemas in Dublin Student tips Finding accommodation in Dublin 1

2 City map Beiing a fresher is beautiful - student societies Dublin - the nicest pubs and excursion destinations ... other: Inexpensive sightseeing and overnight stays in Ireland and Dublin Working in Ireland 2 taboos or better "special caution zones" Ireland and Europe Ireland - celtic cult, one young nation, a young nationalism? Ireland and environmental protection - Pleistocene photography in Ireland Ireland and football Most missed things - Personal list of missing persons .. Last - for all returnees ... Ireland in general Statistical data from Ireland Ireland's highest elevation is still below 1000 meters above sea level. Population: around 4 million of them, around 1 million live in Dublin. Form of government: 2

3 Republic of Ireland. (Member of the UN / EU); militarily alliance-neutral. Capital: Dublin, approx. One million inhabitants, 0- approx. 300 m above sea level is the capital, the main part of the Irish political apparatus and all embassies are located there. Seat of government: Dublin is the capital also in a political sense. Ireland has four provinces. Language: Irish (also called Gaelic) is the official first official language. Irish is rarely spoken by young people in everyday life. There is also English as a language. Regarding the distribution of Irish and English, I can only say that most Irish people in the country mostly prefer Irish among themselves. Irish (like English) is a compulsory subject in school, but it is not a problem to only understand English, apart from Irish place names. Most traffic signs have an English name underneath. The use of Irish in everyday life is decreasing from the country to the big cities. The west of Ireland is much less English-speaking, there are e.g. many purely Irish names on street signs. Irish is a Gaelic language related to Breton and has survived in Ireland to this day, although it has Latin, English and Norman / French influences. Irish is still an important national characteristic and point of identification - see "Ireland's History". Irish is difficult - even for Irish - because it is pronounced differently than the written form suggests (as in French). Example: Dun Laoghaire (district of Dublin) is pronounced something like: "donliehrie". Climate: Ireland = rain. Wrong, but not entirely wrong. It can happen that there is little or no rain for days. In fact, rain is to be expected. The temperatures are all year round milder than on the continent, allegedly nobody in Dublin has a snow shovel. On the whole island, the minus temperatures are limited to a few days in December / January. So warm clothes are the order of the day. There is usually no wind in Dublin. Good news: when it rains, most of it rains over. Ha. Optimal travel time: May to October they say - I came in August. On the other hand, the winter is mildly humid (over 0) and the autumn of 2002 is much sunnier than the entire summer in Dublin. So actually the travel time cannot be narrowed down. Religion: Catholicism is clichéd the "Irish religion", but there are all other forms of religion and their public presence is particularly noticeable in Dublin (mosques, synagogues and churches). The fact that Catholicism is so strong is due, among other things, to the fact that during the British occupation the practice of religion by Catholics (as well as their general life chances in terms of job opportunities) was severely suppressed. Before the founding of the Irish Republic, the Catholic Church (as in some other countries) was an influential subsidiary system that, after the Republic was proclaimed, still determines important parts of the political discourse today. As a concise example, the popular initiative (initiated by Catholic circles, among others) for the 3rd

4 called the reintroduction of the ban on abortion and divorce, which only narrowly failed at the end of the 1980s. Local time: CET minus 1 hour during summer time (change between summer and winter time as with us). Since Dublin is further west, it stays light longer compared to Germany. Distances are measured in km (small blow against the ex-occupiers) but speeds in miles / hour. Only the system of measurements for weights / lengths is not very continental. Money / Currency: The euro has been the currency in Ireland since January 2002, replacing the Irish pound. For everyone who is interested - the exchange rate is shown on the left. 0.79 EUR = 1 pound or 1 pound = 1.27 EUR Caution: In Northern Ireland, the British pound sterling applies! All normal credit cards are valid in Ireland, Germans like to pay for many purchases with credit cards, as these do not incur any costs. So a credit card is worth it. Credit cards are also accepted in smaller shops, for example when buying books. If you want to withdraw money, you can do this with a normal EC card for around EUR 3.50 per transaction, a foreign transfer costs around EUR 9 and takes about a week. For longer stays, there is the alternative of opening an account and then making a one-off transfer of money; there are special offers for students during the first few weeks of the new term. More information from the banks. ATMs are relatively common in larger cities. (Information without guarantee!) Telephoning / Post / Internet: The cheapest way to call Ireland is to get a low-cost area code, which is unfortunately often busy. Then you have to dial the following number, then the area code for the city / region, for example for Dublin the number 1-, and then the connection number. There is no cheap code to Germany, at least with Eircom, but the code is 0049 and then the city code without the 0 and then the connection number. Telephone booths can often be found, sometimes also for credit cards, normal Eircom telephone cards cost 4, 7 or 15 euros. Cell phone (in Ireland "mobile" or "cell-phone") is also very popular in Ireland, there are roaming partners for all German networks (please inform on the provider website) and it is quite possible to buy a card here, if only the mobile phone accepts the card. But help is provided in the shop in a very accommodating way. Prepaid contracts, including cell phones, cost from 160 euros and up and are popular with international students. See link list. The post is reasonably fast (2-4 days per letter to Germany) and costs very cheap for letters / postcards for 25g 44ct, after that it gets expensive (50g: 83ct, 100g: 121ct, 1kg 820ct). Book shipments cost 3kg: 8.10; 4kg: 10.75; 5kg: 13.45. Mailboxes are tw. also Sat and Sun emptied. There are stamps on every corner. A parcel from Germany takes 4 days-3 weeks. In any case, in Dublin and Galway (city center) you can sit down several times in an internet cafe. In Dublin there is also 4 at the Tourist Office (Suffolk St.)

5 a network access. Otherwise, it might work with private individuals who make Bred & Breakfast. Visa and entry requirements: No visa is required for EU citizens. If you want to work on a larger scale, you have to (actually) regulate it officially. When entering the country you are not allowed to import certain agricultural products, details at the Irish Embassy. Crime: Ireland is relatively comparable to Germany in terms of crime. As a big city with typical property and violent crimes, Dublin has become less safe (according to Garda statistics, the rate of break-ins, sexual crimes and homicides rose by a double-digit percentage in 2002). Perhaps, therefore, the alarm systems can be heard very often in comparison, but this seriously does not bother anyone - at some point, one normally assumes false alarms. In Dublin, the north (especially around the docks and the airport) is considered less safe than the rich south. (The rents are therefore also proportional to the actual or imagined crime factor). So: Be criminal - save student accomodations? Police are rarely seen in the streets. The Garda (that's the name of the police) is obviously not used that often. Generally the newspapers are full of crime, this is what the public interest in criminals and crimes (similar to the UK) seems to be. New students may want to roam around in groups for several reasons. I would like to mention one more phenomenon here because it is hardly known in Germany but obviously occurs again and again: "drinkspiking" or "date-rape". On the freshers supplement of the "Irish Independent" 2002, two Trinity students warned against this particular form of violence: In some bars / pubs, a drink can be given a knockout drop ("Rohypnol") (called "drinkspiking") . After that you are no longer capable of anything, but to outsiders it may only look as if you have drunk a lot (which is part of a successful evening in Ireland). According to this report, this condition is specifically used in girls to rape them (called "date-rape"). It is also used by men because, according to the report, "someone is funny". According to the Ministry of Justice, there were 140 reported cases in 2001 (double that of the previous year). I cannot judge whether the phenomenon is common in Dublin; I have not heard of a single case myself. However, there was an awareness campaign "Mind your drink, drug rape - be aware of the risk" in Dublin buses in the winter of 2002 - for more information on this at the Ministry of Justice of Ireland and the Students Unions. Illnesses, insurance and vaccination protection * After about 2-3 weeks, many continental people briefly get feverishly ill - sounds absurd, but it was true for many student friends. It shouldn't get worse: Ireland's health system cannot be compared to the German one. Patients have to wait for their treatment here in the public system, so many of them either seek private treatment or go straight to the pharmacy for treatment (this difference is even noted by the Foreign Office). At the UCD there is a cheaper medical service on campus, where you can get standard medication and minor treatments. Better: take standard medication with you! If you are sick as a student, you should present a so-called E128 certificate from the statutory health insurance company in Germany. But because it only pays what would be necessary in Germany if the findings were the same, an additional 5

6 private insurance recommended. Private insurances are usually only valid for a few weeks and cost around 10 euros in the "tourist tariff" (around 90 days). You should let the fun cost you, because then measures that are not covered by statutory health insurance companies do not have to be paid for out of pocket (can run into thousands of euros, e.g. for dental treatments). If you stay longer than 90 days in Ireland - and you do that as a guest student - there is the option of an extension with private insurance - unfortunately with considerably higher rates (up to 1 EURO / day). Here's a hot tip: If you "hire" two or more insurance companies, you can bridge half a year. To do this, take insurance A up to the maximum validity in the "tour tariff" and let insurance B begin from there. I cannot answer whether this is so legal. But this seems like the best way to avoid high renewal fees. Even if you return to Germany in the meantime, the problem is usually over because then new 90 days begin. As the UCD brochure says: Ireland has neither snakes nor poisonous spiders. The only problem is a certain risk of meningitis (symptoms similar to the flu). vaccinate. All information without guarantee, see disclaimer. More details from the international travel service or the tropical institutes *. The percentage of alcoholics among the Irish is also said to be statistically significantly higher ... one hears. Electricity and socket Often forgotten: Ireland's electricity is (also) not "green" at all and comes from very strange sockets that are basically identical to the British ones. Euro plugs do not fit, the only thing that helps is to get a European adapter (see illustration on the left). Such adapters are easy to get in Dublin, but not in Germany. All normal German devices can actually be operated here from the mains voltage. There is often an additional meter for night-time electricity for particularly energy-intensive processes - so washing and rinsing by machine at night is very popular. Transport in Dublin / Ireland Bus travel in Ireland - As known from London, the double-decker buses are a great way to simply cucumber through the city and see a lot. There are bus routes in Dublin that largely cover all parts of the city. A bus journey is quite cheap, it costs around 0.75 euros to 1.45 euros for one-way trips from peripheral areas to the city center.The classic mistake is that you always have to pay in cash and appropriately ("exact fare"; always have a little change), there is no change. In the long run, bus journeys will be more difficult for frequent travelers - a monthly ticket for 60 EUR (students) or the "Ramblerticket" for 5 individually validable day tickets for 14 EUR (for everyone) might help. Unfortunately, the cycle system is terribly bad and one must not forget: In order for a bus to stop at a stop, a passenger must clearly wave. Sometimes - if the driver doesn't want to take in any more guests because of overcrowding - he drives by anyway. So eat it ... The timetables also take getting used to, because only the departure time from the first stop of the line is given. You have to figure out the rest. 6th

Overall, 7 Dublin buses arrive very irregularly and are stuck (where there is no bus lane) in traffic jams, so that it is perhaps better to cycle for daily distances of less than 4 km with changes. Bus Eireann's intercity buses are a reasonably inexpensive transport system for traveling around Ireland. A trip from Dublin to Galway costs around 15 euros for students. There is no large space and toilet breaks, it smells of chlorine but you can take a little more luggage with you. In Dublin, all buses leave from near Connoly Station DART. Especially at FR&SO it is recommended to be there quite early (at least three quarters of an hour) before departure, otherwise you will stay where you are. Cycling in Ireland - no shit: a real risk sport but also an alternative to traffic jams In Ireland and Northern Ireland you drive on the left, which makes driving under sudden stress or lack of concentration particularly dangerous for continental Europeans. Because then you automatically tend to steer in the wrong direction. So concentration right at the beginning, when driving for the first time after getting up and especially when turning right - then you have to cross the road. The first bad news: Ireland has significantly more road fatalities per population than Germany. Bike paths? While the cycle paths in Germany are not adequately developed, there is no traffic route structure suitable for cyclists in Ireland. It has to be said that the normal streets are pretty narrow. As a result, the lanes are too small for modern cars, are often enclosed by walls and are not well maintained. In heavy rain there are "floodings" - impressive giant puddles. Even in the richer southern areas of Dublin, no attention is paid to the condition of the road, although there are bike lanes in parts. Potholes, piles of leaves and longitudinal ruts are only the lesser of two evils. Even pedestrians are somehow allowed to cross the street - there are usually no pedestrian lights. This means that when you switch to the pedestrian path, it may also be: No Way! All that remains is to face the danger. Yes ... right ... here writes a traumatized victim ;-( The condition of the roads is very bad - the much greater danger is how they are used. In short: the really dangerous driving style of the motorists. The average distance when overtaking The car is about 1 meter. But if - as described above - the street is very narrow, there is oncoming traffic and there is no way out for the cyclist to the left (e.g. because of a wall as a lane boundary), the above mark is often very dangerously undershot can strongly recommend every student who wants to cycle in Dublin to observe the following points: 1) Take very eye-catching cycling clothing with you: Last night a "reflector" saved my life: You should wear this reflective vest over a rain jacket, which is usually necessary, and if necessary, wear it mark the arms - you are more recognizable when showing the right turn and the right turn is one of the most uncomfortable maneuvers. 2) Equip your bike with a good brake and a good light and reflector system, buy 2 extra LED flashing lights (Dublin: 11 euros p.st.) and attach it to the right outside of the back - works really wonders in terms of the safety distance of the cars. Check everything through again beforehand. 7th

8 3) Wear a helmet: Anyone who observes cyclists (or motorcyclists) in Dublin will find that they mostly wear helmets and light reflectors. Let's be honest: In Germany, helmets, safety vests and extra flashing lights are more for children and the less fashionable light makes you feel like you're taking a bike test as part of 4th grade traffic education. But it's not fun in Dublin. If you don't believe it, take a look at other Dublin cyclists. I heard a motorcycle accident in which the driver did not wear a helmet. That sat. 4) Take special care with the following things: In the city center and / or next to Bus Lane on arterial roads (Irish: Lana Bus) and / or at rush hour, Dubliners drive particularly unfriendly and very quickly. The bus lane should be used as a path, so far no bus driver has been upset and they know their vehicle dimensions. Many drivers are simply incapable. Among them, the group of LEARNERS stands out in terms of incapacity - anyone who can find a passenger (usually dad), buys a car and provides evidence of insurance is allowed to drive. If the insurance cooperates, you don't have to take a passenger with you and theoretically you can drive a car at the age of 17 without any experience - with the so-called "provisional license". In the next two years you can then "learn" and take an exam at the end. It's that simple - and the novice drivers marked with an "L" for Learners drive so badly. Unfortunately, the red "L" on a white background can only be seen when the car has already passed. Unfortunately, I didn't have a rear-view mirror (on the right), that would be a real tip for anyone who wants to take their bike to Ireland. You can then evade in good time if there is danger. 5) Other: Cars in traffic jams can also be overtaken on the inside of the lane - it seems to be OK here. Locking is really hot. Even old bike wrecks are still secured with 1-2 rope locks. Having your bike repaired is quite expensive in Dublin at local bike dealers and is unfortunately (my own painful experience) done sloppily. It is also possible to buy a bike here, it costs around 100 euros as a used bike that you can return later (usually these bikes have no lighting system and no mudguards, more like a mountain bike) Summary: In Dublin, cycling is the alternative to the bus if you don't have a car or if you don't want to walk. Safety clothing is lifesaving in Dublin! This is actually not a luxury anywhere, but an absolute must in Ireland! Otherwise you can safely leave your bike at home (price for taking it on the plane: around 25 euros one way). In addition: It can get very windy, which can make cycling difficult in the open landscape. Don't let the rain and wind put you off. You can easily drive past the daily traffic jam. ;-) Driving a car: It almost seems as if Ireland has switched from the melancholy, picturesque shepherd and horse-drawn carriage company to the S-Class. What is called a Motorway (M ...) is similar to a German country road, only in some parts there is a real motorway. After the economic boom of the last few decades, not only does the street size seem barely adjusted, the car prices are also astronomical. Why a car costs much more here than here and still drive a relatively large number of Dublin luxury cars, SUVs or at least new cars is a mystery to me. First of all, a car costs about a quarter or a third more than ours, which is due to the state monopoly of the 8th

9 Car import that sets all dealer prices in principle and charges private imports with drastic taxes. Taxes are also quite steep. Some Germans therefore continue to register their car in Germany - although this is not entirely legal (but the Garda can hardly be seen). Take a car? Think about it - in Dublin's rush hours you can forget about moving forward! But if you have a local license plate, you are rich or have taken out a large loan. Most of the S-Class sedans belong to the AIB or whatever bank. So a car is expensive and during the Dublin rush hour (between half past 8 and 9 a.m.) there is a traffic jam from north to south to east to west. Renting a car is also expensive and you can usually only do that from the age of 25. Car rental providers see link list. Rail travel: Ireland used to have a very well-functioning rail system. However, the trains are less comfortable than ours and the pricing system is a bit complicated. Traveling by train is faster but more expensive than traveling by bus. Today the system has shrunk, I got by completely without a train. Railway address see link list. Flights to Ireland In addition to Dublin, Ireland also has Shannon and Belfast airports. A return flight to Dublin in autumn 2002 cost from around 100 euros (+ tax) with special offers from Aer Lingus from Düsseldorf & Frankfurt. Aer Lingus sometimes has promotional flights from 90 euros (with limited validity). Ryan Air already offers flights below that, whereby you can only fly direct to Shannon (from Frankfurt via London-Stansted to Dublin). Ryan Air and Air France are very stingy with excess baggage, which as a student you have together very quickly, and they add a lot per kilo. Bus trips with Eurolines cost about 225 euros there and back (with Eurolines and a change in London), a journey by train is not financially worthwhile (price for a journey over 300 euros). Price examples for return flights (including tax) from November 2002: DUB-DUS via FRA with Lufthansa (student fare - i.e. under 26 years of age) 165 euros; DUB-DUS with Aer Lingus (student fare) 140 euros to 224 euros. It is worth booking in Ireland at student travel agencies such as USITNOW and still comparing, because you can also get discounted advice there. Trick: To be able to change to "less favorable" flights (7:10 am departure time) - my flight price was reduced from 223 to 181 to 164 to 140 euros (including tax) with Aer Lingus (direct & return). Bookings from / in Ireland seem considerably cheaper than in Germany. So book return and home flights from here. From the airport you can take the AIRLINK buses (three-digit number) to the city center, there is also the Busáras bus station (connections to other cities) in the bus), which also applies to AIRLINK (see above) .... dublin in particular price level and shopping Ireland is expensive, Dublin is particularly expensive. Almost a quarter of all Irish live in and around Dublin, so Dublin is the only big city and this is where life costs the most. Is it because there is at least one security sheriff in every store? Fact: Even at ALDI, the security service is there - and you immediately feel less secure. In Ireland you can also go to 9

10 German supermarkets like LIDL and ALDI (in the City / Pearse Str.), But these are definitely exceptions and still the prices sometimes double the level. Here are a few prices from autumn 2002 (LIDL) in Dublin - the cheapest option, mind you: cup of fruit yoghurt 0.49; Chicken Breast 1.75; Walnut ice cream 500 ml 3.69; 1 kg of tomatoes 1.59; 1 kg of onions 0.75; 1kg bananas 1.39; 1l orange juice 0.88; Wiener sausages 2.78; Pack of peppered ham 1.46; 1 pack of mini chocolate kisses 2.27; Detergent pack 3.16; 1 pint of Guinness for 3.10 euros. Most supermarkets are open until 8 or 10 p.m. as well as on Saturday and Sunday, unfortunately their selection is usually not particularly good. in the "Delicatessen" category. What a student needs for his studies (paper, books, office supplies) he can buy from Easons (largest book chain) or cheaper independent stationary shops around the Trinity. German books cost a little more here than in Germany, but it's not worth having them sent to you. IKEA doesn't exist here ;-). Good news for students: an International / Irish student ID can cut some costs. Unfortunately not in the pub. You don't need a photo for your student ID, maybe you do for other IDs - but you can also have them taken here. Art museums and art galleries Ireland now seems to be catching up with its large English neighbor in art. Nevertheless, modern art does not play a major role in the everyday life of most Irish people, much of what you see outside the museums is reminiscent of 1950s art. However, you have to protect the Irish: a) Ireland was never such a rich colonial power as GB with corresponding patronage b) Statistically Ireland has already produced a large number of writers and musicians from its population, there was little left for the visual arts. c) Irish modernity is belated until the 1980s. In the past, prestigious collections from Irish citizens went to London in some cases because there were no good museum buildings in Ireland's capital. The first fully state museum of art was only opened in 1992! As a national art academy, the RHA was also anti-modern and conservative until the 1970s; replaced by the National College (Thomas Street). That has changed. In Dublin there are a number of museums, including the National Gallery of Ireland, which mainly shows painting from the Middle Ages to around 1900 and impresses with a very nice and free tour service that includes the sometimes less prominent works of art brings closer. A special attraction and also inexpensive for students at 1.30 euros: The Kilmainham Jail. Because Kilmainham Jail is right next to IMMA (see below), you can spend a whole day in the area. Kilmainham Jail is a pre-1800 panopticon prison. You can only visit it with a guided tour, which is very interesting. The impressive building is explained relatively well by an exhibition, the guides are sometimes willing to show you around longer than the group, really nice.In addition, you are shown a film that documents the independence struggles of the Irish against the British, not entirely without pathos, then you are directed to the simple and much more impressive shooting sites, because the prison was for a long time a place for Irish independence fighters to wait or die . The visit reveals Ireland's bloody history, which dates back to the 20th century. One comes e.g. take bus 78A from Aston Quay. The Irish Museum of Modern Art (IMMA) (opened in 1991) near Kilmainham Jail uses very contemporary art from changing current exhibitions 10

11, which were mostly taken over by other museums as a temporary exhibition. It's also something you can finally get the exhibitions for free, which would cost 10 euros at home. The IMMA collection contains representatives of Irish modernism and contemporaries and it is also open to international artists (e.g. in the studio program for young international artists). Another place of modern art and very cheap to reach: The Hugh Lane Gallery, also known as the Municipal Gallery, includes a colorful program of European art from Impressionism to the present day and temporary exhibitions. The most prominent Irish art scene from 1900 to the present is gathered here. Most of the works that were bequeathed to the city of Dublin but went to London shortly before death come from a private collector's collection of the same name - because Dublin had no money for art. The Hugh Lane Gallery is located in Parnell Square and is also free of charge. There are also many private galleries in the neighborhood. The Douglas Hyde Gallery is part of Trinity College (entrance: Nassau Street), it is small and up-to-date. Both the Hugh Lane Gallery and the IMMA have a biannual program of (mostly) free events that are particularly interesting for History of Art / Art students. The free National Museum of Ireland is divided into 3 sub-museums, one for History and Decorative Arts (Collins Barack's buses from Aston Quay), which covers Ireland in the form of everyday objects (extensive numismatic exhibition, glass and furniture collection & current small additional exhibition but also a lot Odds and ends). In the city center is the Museum of Archeology (Kildare Street), where there are many bones ;-) and then my favorite is just around the corner: For everyone who likes stuffed animals, large specimens from all over the world (up to the whale skeleton), Seeing insect collections and preserved pale fish preparations is recommended because of these creepy presentations, the Natural History Museum is also very interesting. It is open daily (except Monday) until 5 p.m. and is certainly also interesting because it allows itself to be "old style" with the deal with colonial and native hunting trophies. Free entry but limited opening times. In addition, the special museums for archeology, history etc. (all on Merrion Square) and other special museums (print, Jewish history, wax ...) are recommended. Everyone should visit the big state museums on a nice Sunday afternoon. Reason to be happy: In (almost) all state museums there is free entry & tw. free tours - not only for students. In addition to the now well-established museum landscape in Dublin, there is also a growing museum scene in Belfast. The "art desert" still rules in the country - but all good literature comes from the provinces ... Accordingly, there is also the Shaw birthplace and the James Joyce Center and a very lively writers' scene. In Ireland the province really seems to be catching up - we recommend the gallery in the castle cellar in Kilkenny and corresponding festivals (e.g. in Cork, but overall the offer outside Dublin is limited. In Northern Ireland the British influence is in the architecture (see below) and in the Ulster Museum Art Galleries (Belfast). The Ulster Museum is the representation of "Arts & Crafts", a bit untidy maybe, only on the upper floors do the Northern Irish painters plus a temporary exhibition each, before that a lot of history & unfortunately also odds and ends. The Ormeau Baths Gallery is in an old swimming pool, plus there are private galleries listed by the city information. Belfast has an interesting dance & music scene, including big festivals, opera houses & orchestras. Belfast has the best art magazine CIRCA, 11

12 also provides an overview of ongoing events across Ireland on the Internet (see links). Architecture: Dublin is very impressive because it "looks like a big village". Similar to Berlin, an eaves height was set that was seldom broken through by high-rise buildings. The dispute between investors and architecture keepers is always topical, whether an office complex or a new inner city train station is planned (see photo). The Georgian architecture including the characterful door designs can best be seen on the specially created path. For more information, contact the Tourist Office. In some ways, Dublin is surpassed by Belfast, so Belfast is far more interesting than Dublin for both old architecture and the new solution around the Waterfront Hall, which, however, looks a bit deliberately metropolitan. Theater / Cinema in Dublin Dublin offers a wealth of options with several public and private theaters. There are also festivals such as the Autumn Dublin Theater Festival and guest performances. The prices are affordable and those who inquire about the best seats in the class can land down at the front. Dublin opera and classical music as a whole are rather poorly developed for a city of millions. The cinema costs around 5-7.50 for students, the selection is large. Most of the mainstream movie theaters can be found around O Connel Street, including the Savoy (chewing gum on the seats but big screen); The Screen (corner of Hawkins and Townsend Street) is recommended for current program films and the Irish Film Center (Temple Bar) for old and new program films. More on this on the Dublin city website and in good travel guides. A few small student tips Here are some general tips that you could memorize across disciplines: 1. You do not necessarily need an ISIC / international student ID, as you will soon receive a student ID, work with the admission beforehand or the international student ID in Package for opening accounts gets 2. Fiction books cost only a little more here than in the FRG 3. Lecture times are mostly without ct 4. Preparation by reading texts at home is really a prerequisite here ;-) 5. Office materials are quite expensive (especially at EASONS), art materials are hard to get in Dublin 6. Always ask about student discounts. Looking for an apartment - forecast: one and a half weeks of stress What could make your stay half a nightmare: looking for an apartment. Dublin has been a boom town since then, with EU funds and foreign investors, which unfortunately increased rents dramatically without actually doing anything to it. (A German family who bought a house with a view of the Bay 20 years ago in the south for around pounds could easily get rid of it for EUR 1 million.) In general, an apartment in Dublin can easily cost five times as much as a similar one German counterpart. For a room close to the university (whether Trinity or UCD) you have to pay from around 300 EURO upwards. There is often the arrangement of paying by the day or renting without a contract and thus being able to change again quickly. Deposit is sometimes required, sometimes not. Unfortunately, some Germans have already seen very bad rooms for a lot of money and in one case a "roommate John" bagged the 250 euro deposit and they did not show up again, as did John. From "roommate 12

13 John "Nobody knew more than their first name. Badly ripped off. So" John "always ask for the passport / contract / mobile phone number & receipt - even if it's so stupid` German. By the way, the landlord is the "Landlord" or the "Landlady" It is advisable to rush to a place to stay in good time via the Internet to the actual apartment and allow around 14 days for the search. The fact that the Irish often do not sign a contract also has advantages: You can move out quickly according to the principle of "apartment shopping" , if you have something better. The UCD in Dublin also offers student residences for ERASMUS students who stay at least 1 year (apply early). Deadlines apply for the residences when applying. Those who stay less long or have missed the deadline must Rely on their accommodation service (university offices with free telephone / newspapers) or pay attention to notices, study newspapers etc. If you move at the beginning of the semester, arrive at least 2 weeks before the start of the university! A little tip: Maybe you can get an apartment at the International Office, the student secretariat or in some supermarkets and shopping centers (hang up a note there on the notice board). Student secretariat or an apartment in some supermarkets and shopping centers (hang up a note there on the notice board). Here is another interesting link with personal experiences from students. In the north, beyond O Connel-Street, rents should get cheaper, but the area is certainly not that nice (condition of houses; unemployment; crime). Right next to the universities (especially the Trinity) the prices are particularly high. By the way, I was lucky and got a decent apartment the first time. By the way, if you really had trouble with the landlord / lady, you can have him blacklisted by the Student Union, which saves the next tenant trouble. City map of Dublin I would like to provide links to the internet map of Dublin - I have not found a functioning one that is even remotely detailed. Poor - just poor. I can only recommend my print map from "OSI Ordnance Survey Ireland": Dublin City and District Street Guide, 3rd Edition, ISBN, which is available in bookstores (price: 11.42 euros) or a smaller version (more handy) from the same publisher. Although this is the most expensive and not spared from tourist information, at least addresses and opening times are given and it does not fall apart straight away. I advise against all tourist cards and foldable odds and ends cards (Short guide to Dublin blabla etc.) despite being easier to transport, as these only show the city center, show no bus routes and do not open up the many other places worth seeing (e.g. the coast in the south). However, you can easily take a tourist city map with you for free in the tourist office so that you don't always have to walk around with a "book" - just in case ... outside the city center, a map is particularly appropriate because you can go through the one-story construction and the tw. missing place names / street signs can get into a muddle. If you ask Dubliners, even in the most intoxicated state, they are still able and willing to give you information, but this sometimes leads in just the wrong direction. Nice meant, anyway. Beeing a fresher is beautiful - student societies Anyone who comes to the UCD (or Trinity) as a new student will be bombarded with nice and absurd offers: -Save animals, become a socialist and overthrow class society, shoot around with guns, 3-8x Learn Irish Dance for the week (oh god the intervertebral discs girls), debating, photographing, rowing, canoeing, preventing abrasion ... 13

14 As "fresher", that's the name of the first person here, it may also be necessary to join. Somehow, the freshers have a particularly backward reputation because they mostly come from the deepest west - and there are still villages there where a bus passes once a day (like we did in the 50s). In order to bring these students closer to the big city, the Society people sometimes ask strange questions that an average. dt. Studi would not have to provide. Well - enough about the social meaning of the societies. The societies offer their services (for a different fee, sometimes from 1 euro per term) in the "freshers week" and give you the feeling that you should definitely not become a member. Therefore, one lies in a barrage of gift offers and promises. I've decided on the right method: go according to your taste. Depending on the price, you can become a member several times and take the society parties with you. I could publish my choice here now, but what was great one year could be stupid again the next. Regardless of whether you want to join religious, sporty, cultural or the many societies that clearly underline in their PR matters that they offer alcohol consumption until they drop - such an opportunity gives the "freshers" enough opportunities in a short time to make "socialized students". Cheers. Dublin - the nicest pubs and excursion destinations Pubs: According to the Tourist Info, there should be 1000 pubs in Dublin (yes, yes). Even if there were less, they are very attractive but also expensive. Irish people usually go to "warm drinking" at home beforehand. The Long Hall is probably the nicest and cheapest pub I've met (but no live music). O Reillys is a nice pub under the Tara DART station in the street of the same name where you can look directly at the passengers with a 3.20 pint. Something a little more elegant: Samsara on Dawson Street - there are also more nice pubs there. Otherwise I don't give any tips except that you can drink a lot nicer, quieter and, above all, cheaper beer in the city center beyond Temple Bar. And one more thing: Ask a person from Dublin where they are going - this is how you can get to nice pubs like The Long Hall and get out of the 10 day Dublin visitor orbit. Beyond drinking: Excursions out of the city center: 1. Bray: With the DART train to Bray. Bray is a small old seaside resort, a little shabby in terms of price, but still quite clean and popular. In addition to a reasonably clean bathing area and the street cafes, you have 2 options there. First, the less long (1 hour) but strenuous ascent to the "mountain" Bray-Head. Brilliant view! Take your camera and what to drink.There is also the possibility of variation for less strenuous tours around Bray Head, over the railway line, to Greystones, a fishing village no longer influenced by Dublin. It takes about 2 hours to get there, with the DART you can easily get back to Dublin in half an hour. Below: Greystone and its harbor. 2. Botanical Garden: From the city center from O Connel Street with 13/19/134 to the Botanical Garden, the lawn garden in particular is very surreal with 10 different types of lawn (& free admission!) 3. North to Hoth - with the DART from downtown or take the 31 / 31A bus from Abbey-Street. 1 to 2 hours of hiking and then drink a coffee. 4. Zoo: Located in the spacious Phoenix Park, the zoo is worth seeing - especially if you are an African 14

15 Big Animals & Monkeys Likes 5. Two hours off? Then Dadaist siteseeing: you buy a day ticket and off you go - just get on a bus. With the Dada principle you get a nice and sometimes not nice overflight over Dublin ... other: Inexpensive sightseeing and overnight stays in Ireland and Dublin 5 minutes further is the Northern Ireland Tourist Office (Nassau Str.). Most of Ireland's landmarks have been bought or taken over by a foundation, the National Heritage Trust. Everyone can become a member and has the opportunity to visit sights for less or for free. If you want to visit more than just a few important sights in Ireland, you can buy a student card for 7.60 euros. It is usually not worth it for a few visits, because in some cultural sites the student price is around 1.30 euros. In Dublin there are some bus companies that offer city tours with partly open hop on hop off buses (10). If you prefer to do it on your own, the day ticket is recommended, but you are really busy, the right bus to search (only with good & current city maps with bus route entries). A typical Irish form of private apartment sharing is ideal for overnight stays: Bred & Breakfast. Mostly organized by not necessarily "full-time" landlords & ladies, you stay for one night privately and can also take an Irish breakfast / cooked breakfast with you. Bread & Breakfast offers can usually be found via the B&B signs on the street. Quality is very variable, as is the price. Unfortunately, many hotels also have B & B signs, which "watered down" the market. It shouldn't cost more than 25 euros per person per night. "En suite" usually means increased comfort - your own shower and TV. The standards are significantly worse in terms of equipment at high prices, even those in charge of the Tourist Board warn against this. (Information without guarantee). Working in Ireland Many people here worked "black" as visiting students. At a certain level, according to the law, you have to have a social security card. You have to apply for it (with a photo) at the ministry, it is cumbersome. In addition, BaföG cuts and other consequences may be possible. You get work in typical student jobs (call centers, restaurants) but sometimes also in the university. Perhaps there is a company that needs German-speaking staff, such as IBM in There is a German-Irish Chamber of Commerce (better dissolve completely sleepy institute), where you can get addresses if necessary. 2 Irish taboos or better "special caution zones" Ireland is by far a friendly and Catholic country. Because Ireland is Catholic, it's Catholic-Punkt. Germany, on the other hand - you have to take note of this - has one of the highest proportions of atheists in the world. Although the Irish wear sneakers you can find a lot of devout youngsters - more than you would expect in Germany. If all continental attitudes and behaviors were to continue unchanged on the island, 15

16 problems would be inevitable. Skinny dipping is not that popular. Even in Germany, dragging the Pope in the mud is no testimony to particularly independent intellectual achievement and religious tolerance. Political discussions with religious connotations (especially about the Northern Ireland conflict) are also not without, especially of course not in Northern Ireland (more on this below). Sexual innuendos may come up again and again in everyday life (also from young Irish people), but you should not behave and express yourself as freely as you are used to in Germany. In some ways, Ireland's society appears very modern and cosmopolitan - especially in Dublin. On the other hand, there is this somewhat bigoted attitude towards sexuality, which one may or may not know from the USA. So what to do Adjusting or convulsively avoiding such points is not the order of the day. Perhaps one should not overdo it with open sexuality & dedicated anti-religiousness (in whatever form) - after all, things are the way they are and a great "continental enlightenment mission consciousness" in this matter could in part simply be ignorance of the complex present and in a bad run offside (it would be comparable to coming to a German with the Holocaust immediately after the greeting, which happens every now and then). A particularly sensitive point is certainly the debate about the legalization of abortion, which divided Ireland and there is still an "Anti-Abortion Amendment", and in 1986 an "Anti-Divorce Amendment". Anyone who has been in Ireland for a longer period of time will soon know how to deal appropriately with this point. Belfast Northern Ireland is a scene of waves of eruptive violence. On the surface, it is about the clash between the oppressor and the oppressed, Catholics and Protestants, Papists and Orange. However, the image of the German media and that of the British media is a bit one-sided on the riots - said a German who works there. So everything is exaggerated? After years of working together, London dissolved Parliament in 2002 and withdrew its government rights. There is no British confirmation that the "Bloody Sunday" was a massacre, nor do IRA and prot. Paramilitaries take off their weapons. The majority of Irish people would probably want the Neverending Story to end, is my impression. I can't say much about Northern Ireland in general. Belfast has a lively student life and a confident, happy generation of young people who love going to the cinema. A few kilometers away, cars are set on fire and renegades are shot in the knee. My observation was that all Belfasters have established themselves with their go-areas and no-goareas. The sidewalks are colored every now and then, more video cameras than usual in the UK and the wall pictures clearly show where you are. Most of the time ... nothing happens. Then (especially in the Marching season in July) there are arguments. What a Northern Irishman often say: If you are a tourist it is better than if you are a Northern Irishman. In the meantime, the IRA also has a "bookstore" secured with mirror film and a security camera, and it could be dismissed as an association like others. For some Germans it seems to be trendy to take a cheap thrill home with you with the chic of a terrorist organization (seen as a T-shirt in Germany). Especially during the Orange marches through Catholic quarters, and sometimes just because people don't like other people. How corrupt and less than ideally obsessed the various organizations are can be seen above all in the punitive actions against people ("shoot in the leg" to "nail on the fence") who no longer want to participate and in the mafia-like protection money system of the paramilitaries. The 16

17 tourist information on Northern Ireland and Belfast give no indication of the troubles. A blank spot that I consider negligent although I recognize the desire to portray Northern Ireland beyond the problems and not to let radical minorities take the lead. If you want to see Belfast - there is every reason to do so, even beyond the conflict and its focal points. There are much more interesting pubs, more old buildings and better shopping opportunities than in Dublin. It is also possible to drive across the city center for a whopping 2.50 pounds. It is possible to walk through Falls Road and Shankill Road if you observe the following: Not alone, not with pol. Demonstrations, not with a clear political stance, not after dark. In addition, you should be sensitive to people's reactions on the one hand, not allow yourself to be provoked and, if necessary, take a taxi into the city that is cheap in two ways. The Blackcab tours through the hot areas are a good alternative, a bus city tour costs 10 pounds. The city center is very shopping (especially for young people), British chic, the university area around Queens University is also recommended, many of the Ulster Museum Art Galleries (see above). Especially in the evening (though in the whole of Belfast), many drunks in groups on the street are out for trouble - the police posters warn of this and therefore do not let it provoke also for the entertainment districts. A trip with Buseireann from Dublin cost 18 euros there and back (buses every 2 hours until 6 p.m.), rail travel more expensive. One night in the hostel "The ark" 9.50 pounds in the dormitory (shower / kitchen available / low season). A detour to the natural wonder of the Giants Causeway takes about 1 hour, so it is easy to get to at the weekend. You can exchange money anywhere, but many shops also accept euros. Ireland, politics and Europe Ireland is very "Europe-oriented", in the EU since 1973. The reason for this is on the one hand the peripheral location and the desire for economic / cultural independence from Great Britain and / or the enormous amounts of money that will have flowed to Ireland by 2006. Trouble looms now - in the form of the Nice Treaties. No Irishman wants to do without EU money and therefore a referendum a few years ago rejected the Nice Treaty (signed by Germany), which is supposed to pave the way for the expansion of the EU to the east and south. Obviously, many Irish had no idea what the Nice Treaties meant (which German knows that?) And voted against it out of suspicion and fear of losing loved ones. Another referendum took place in October 2002, with 62.88% in favor and the rest against Nice. Lucky for the candidate. And for Ireland I have to say. Many Irish feared, however, that they would have less money and less influence in Europe - the old fear of foreign rule and of not completely dismissing Brussels' policy of directives and the militarization of the EU. In 2002, besides the referendum, the Flood Tribunal was the big event. This is only about flooding in a figurative sense: government parties flooded with corruption that are involved in illegal construction and bribery affairs. The reputation of most politicians is miserable with the population, perhaps the low turnout in the Nice referendum (34.79 or 48.5%) was an abstraction for the parties. 17th

18 Ireland - celtic cult, a young nation, a young nationalism? Ireland is a nice country. But there are also downsides that are as difficult as they are to describe. I dare. The cliché of Irish hospitality is overall true, the bus drives you away and the next car asks you whether you want to come along, which will not happen in Germany. Perhaps it is due to the rural structure, perhaps to the solidarity awareness that has been strengthened by long periods of poverty and famine, perhaps to Christian values: Even as a stranger, you can quickly make friends. Perhaps the reason lies in the fact that you show up here as a "good stranger", as a (mostly money-making) tourist. Even as a guest student that doesn't change much, but the longer you live beyond the tourist route (- you probably want that too-) you notice Irish nationalism. First of all, Ireland is quite small (4 million people), in an island location, and has a relatively long history of dependence / occupation on England. The German nationalism of the 1920s knows astonishing parallels here with the occupation and the Versailles Treaty, no wonder that the Irish still admire Hitler as an opponent of the British from time to time. Against the historical background it is clear that the desire for independence leads to an "irishness" consciousness. If you look at the history of Ireland (click here), the Irish-Celtic culture has existed for millennia, but has only had a constitutional nation since 1923 (with the "small problem" Northern Ireland). The national values, which were only politically implemented so late, are relatively young, strong, and pathetically celebrated and do not always lead to positive things. This type of nationalism has little to do with the Germans' concept of nationalism. One might almost be inclined to call it "positive nationalism" or joyful isolation. Nevertheless: Fear of foreign infiltration, xenophobia (behind it perhaps the fear of being ruled by another again) exists. Racist incidents occur regularly here too, whether women of color or even Americans: Insults or physical attacks occur (usually alcohol was then involved on the offensive side). The fact that a Garda employee is invited by a university and speaks in front of visiting students mainly about the possibility of pursuing racially motivated acts quickly and confidentially makes one think. There will be a reason for this, but the legislature is aware of this and has responded with laws to prosecute racist crimes and the establishment of special Garda officers. As classic emigrants, the Irish are not used to immigration. The fact that good money is still being made with the Celtic touch is a positive side effect of a traditionality that was only awakened again in the liberation struggle, even if it was equated with poverty for a long time.As a mostly rather unnationally thinking German, it may now be easier to understand how the repeated question of the art auctioneer whether or not an Irishman would like to bid "... otherwise - you know - the work of art will go abroad" or the hint "100% Guaranteed Irish" on, no, not on a beer, on a toilet paper basket in the botanical garden or on a photographer's letterhead. Well Ireland and Environmental Protection - the Pleistocene "Unspoiled - Uncrowded - Unreal!" if the North West Tourism Authority advertises a visit to the north, which is not exactly preferred by tourists, if you read it carefully, it is in the first 18th

19 Word a small reproach to the rest of Ireland. Although there is of course a Ministry of the Environment in Ireland and the Greens, environmental awareness is underdeveloped. Not only that the rivers are still used in a medieval way but with modern content as special rubbish dumps and (especially in the countryside) the cliché of cars being disposed of in the meadow can still be found (I didn't believe it at first, but then drove through County Burren). Even officially, things are going badly, illegal rubbish dumps were and are constantly being closed, reusable bottles are not in sight, the car is a status symbol like with Germans, the public transport network is capable of development, to put it mildly, the energy-saving measures for heating etc. seem like from the GDR ("Open / close window"), land-saving settlement strategies cannot be found in Dublin. Meanwhile, more and more people are drawn to the countryside with their second home, the building boom is leading to strong interventions in the landscape, which has sparked a dispute between landscape conservationists and users. Ireland is still (also) an agricultural country, but thankfully it is still a long way from monoculture maize á la Lower Saxony. Ireland is officially the "green island", especially to seduce American and European tourists into "celtic romanticism", to fishing or golf, which is not necessarily gentle on the landscape. Soft tourism is rare; there are tentative beginnings. Beyond the sights, directly behind the "sites", the official ecological effort drops sharply. As in other countries: Those who still have a lot of nature, who until a few years ago still had salmon and trout in all rivers that flow into the sea, have no problem with poisoning a river. Dear Irish Tourist Board, good luck that Ireland is slowly waking up, otherwise you can visit Ireland's natural treasures on the web - like this one here: Photographing in Ireland Ireland is not only photogenic for the typical Ireland-sheep-landscape-with-rainbow-pictures . It is worth venturing north of Dublin and visiting the old residential areas. These Georgian neighborhoods (left) were among the best Dublin could offer around 18XX times. Today they are in very bad shape and until recently they were demolished in quarters. In the meantime, interest has been awakened to at least restore the facade. In addition to grandiose landscapes, there are also architecture and portraits. It is also awesome to get on a bus and take pictures out of there, because there is an elevated point of view and an enormous range of different situations. A fast camera or a corresponding routine would be necessary in order to react flexibly, especially in the medium format area. In addition to the classic Dublin photo locations (Bray Head, city center), the extremely ingenious industrial belt / port to the west and the fish market to the north are highly recommended. For classically barren Irish landscapes, you might go to the Aran Islands (off Galway), which are bristling with cliffs, stone walls and unfortunately other tourists. Trinity and UCD have PhotoSocieties with decent software laboratories. Photo material is easy to get in Ireland, photo shops are piling up in Dublin city center, Dublin photographers recommended Dunn's photo shop on Wexford Street and Hall's Camera on Talbot Street for medium format films. The roll films that I took with me were quite popular here. Films cost about as much here as in normal German photo shops, but in Germany they are cheaper in bulk packs. It is generally longer / later light but sometimes really cloudy (400s very popular although some travel guides recommend 100s). The development 19