Why are most Indonesians ultra-nationalist

New President in Indonesia: An honest man for Indonesia

Joko Widodo, governor of Jakarta, will become head of government of Indonesia. His success is also a victory over the military.

“Jokowi” on a bench in the park of Waduk Pluit in Jakarta. Image: Reuters

JAVA taz | Joko Widodo, known as Jokowi, is president. A sensation in every respect: the 53-year-old forest scientist will be the first president of Indonesia not to belong to the military, an Islamic organization or a political dynasty.

As a furniture dealer, the son of ordinary people worked his way up and made a name for himself as the mayor of the central Javanese city and later as the governor of Jakarta as a politician of the common people. He is considered a hard worker and, most importantly, not corrupt. It was only at the end of March this year that Indonesia's Democratic Party of Struggle (PDI-P) managed to put the popular politician as a candidate for the presidency. The previous opposition party then won the most seats in the parliamentary elections.

Seven renowned polling institutes already presented projections on July 9th, in which Jokowi had an average of 5 percent ahead of his only opponent, the ultra-nationalist ex-general Prabowo Subianto. This, however, also declared himself the winner after three other polling institutes claimed that he was 2 to 3 percent ahead of Jokowi. All three institutes belong to supporters of Prabowo's political campaign.

For two weeks thereafter, there was a political deadlock. The young democracy - as well as domestic and foreign investors - waited tense for the official announcement of the vote count by the National Electoral Commission. Elections had to be repeated in dozens of constituencies due to irregularities. In the end, Jokowi led with 53.15 percent ahead of Prabowo Subianto with 46.85 percent - the closest result of the presidential election in Indonesia to date.

General Subianto continues to nag

“The election is over. A court hearing will not change that. I will only oversee the political process until the official announcement of the election results, after which I will give back my mandate, ”said Prabowo's campaign manager Mahfud M. D. on Monday, formerly the chief judge at the Constitutional Court. Hatta Rajasa, chairman of the moderate Islamic party PAN, who ran as Prabowo's deputy, also admitted the defeat.

Only Prabowo Subianto and his party Gerindra continue to insist that they have not lost the election. His team reported “massive fraud” during the counting and “millions of illegal votes”. However, he has not yet provided any evidence of this. Instead of having the legitimacy of the elections checked by the Constitutional Court, as expected, Prabowo resigned as a presidential candidate just two hours before the election results were announced. His remaining coalition does not want to recognize the election and has announced that it will do everything “to secure democracy”.

The multimillionaire and ex-son-in-law of the former dictator Suharto has enough financial means to mobilize his supporters and to put his demands forward. Although he appealed not to use force, he called on his supporters beforehand to “secure” the headquarters of the electoral commission. More than 3,400 police officers are available for the same task.

Election winner Jokowi, on the other hand, asked his supporters to stay at home when the results were announced so as not to provoke anyone: “Pray and watch TV. We prefer to leave the security measures to the police and the military. ”Across the country, around 250,000 police officers and soldiers are ready to intervene in the event of any unrest.