What is the national food of Kerala
The TOP 20 of the most delicious national dishes in India: All culinary highlights at a glance
In this article I'll tell you everything you need to know about the most delicious national dishes in India, which culinary highlights you shouldn't miss, like the Indian ones Eating habits look and with which costs You have to count on food and drink. Believe me when I say: Just because of all the delicious national dishes, a trip to India is worth it. Because the Indian cuisine is very diverse and there is also a large selection available for all vegetarians and vegans among you. What delicious National dishes of India, besides the classic curry, you can find out now.
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The TOP 20 of the tastiest national dishes in India
Indian cuisine is strongly influenced by cultural and religious influences. Commonly used across the country with numerous spices worked. Indian cuisine can be divided into two regions, North Indian and South Indian cuisine. A lot of wheat and corn is grown in the north, so a lot of flatbread is eaten here in all kinds of shapes. In addition, the North Indian cuisine very fatty and cooked with a lot of meat. The South Indian cuisine is the healthier of the two, because lower-fat cooking is used in the south - vegetarian food is often served here. Which delicious national dishes you should try all over India, I'll tell you now, in mine TOP 20 of the tastiest national dishes in India.
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Probably everyone of you knows the most typical Indian dish: the curry. “Curry” means sauce and that describes the popular national dish in India very well. A curry is a stew, which forms the basis Masala. Depending on the region, the masalas (spice preparations) are made differently. In addition, depending on the dish, they are sweet, mild or spicy. Ingredients for a masala are various combinations of chilli, turmeric, coriander, garlic, black cumin, ginger, cloves and numerous others Spices. In the north of the country masala is made as a powder, in the south more as a paste. From the masala arises, mixed with Coconut milk, Cream or yogurt, the curry sauce. Vegetables such as potatoes, eggplant, spinach or cauliflower are then added to the sauce, as well as chicken, fish or panir (Indian cream cheese that looks like feta and tastes like mozzarella). Cooked rice and Indian flatbread are served with it.
As it is the popular curry all over India in the most diverse Variations there, I have provided you with an overview of the most popular and delicious variants of the national dish in India, with all curries that, in my opinion, should not be missing in the TOP 20 of the most delicious national dishes in India.
- Chicken Makani:In this curry dish, chicken is cooked in a mild, creamy sauce with lots of butter and tomatoes.
- Korma:Korma is a thick curry made from yoghurt or cream. The main ingredient is usually meat, but there are also vegetarian options. The milk products make this curry dish very mild.
- Dum-Aloo:Aloo means potato, which you will find in your curry together with numerous spices.
- Aloo Gobi:You already know the term aloo, the potato is combined with cauliflower.
- Palak Paneer:In this dish you will find traditional Indian cooked cheese, which is cooked in a thick curry made from pureed spinach and spices.
- Malai Kofta:The vegetable balls called kofta consist of potatoes and cheese, these are then served in a curry of tomatoes and onions.
- Kadhai Gosht: The dish originally comes from Persia and is made with goats or mutton. The meat simmer in a tomato curry for a long time until it is nice and tender.
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One of the most popular national dishes in India is naan bread, which is best served as garnish is eaten with curry. The naan will go out leavened dough made, which in addition to flour and water also contains yogurt and yeast. The flatbreads are baked over the open embers in a tandoori oven by gluing them to the hot wall of the clay oven.
The paratha is made from the same dough as the naan bread. The only difference here is that the paratha is full. Most often you will Aloo Paratha meet, so a flatbread filled with Mashed potatoes. There is usually a butter dip or dal.
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The chapati, also called roti, is also an Indian flatbread and is one of the most popular in northern Italy Staple food The flour for the dough consists of a mixture of barley, millet and wheat. The whole wheat flour is kneaded into a dough with water, ghee (clarified butter), oil and salt. After the dough has rested for a while, it is rolled out. Once it is dry, the batter will be in a pan Baked on both sides. Chapati is also served with curries or dipped in various chutneys.
The puri flatbread is made from the same dough as the chapati, but the puri is not baked, but rather fried and then served warm.
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The most popular Street food in India are the samosas. The fried dumplings can be found on every corner. The dough in which the samosas crispy as a triangle fried is made from wheat flour, butter or cooking oil, water and salt. A vegetarian variant consists of one Vegetable curry filling with potatoes, rice and numerous spices. For all meat lovers there are filled samosas with potatoes and minced meat or fish. This is usually done using a Chutney served. The Indians often also use the dumplings to recycle their leftover food.
In some corners you get samosas with one sweet fillingwho are then called Karanji. Inside the dumplings there is usually a coconut filling.
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A traditional national dish in India, which is mainly eaten in the north of the country, is the dal. A dal consists mainly of cooked legumes, which is the most common Lentil Dal. But there is also dal made from chickpeas, beans or peas. The legumes are cooked until they become too Porridge and then seasoned with cumin, coriander, onions, garlic, chilli, ginger and other spices. The dal is served both as a main course and as a popular side dish.
Dal Bhat is a common everyday dish and consists of one lentil soup, the Dal, and off ricewhich is called Bhat in Indian. Sometimes seasonal vegetables are also served with the Dal Bhat.
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The traditional tandoori chicken comes from northern India. The chicken comes with yogurt and a strong one Spice mix marinated from salt, pepper, garlic, onions, ginger, coriander, cumin, turmeric, paprika and chili powder. The marinade needs to be round twelve hours pull through, so this dish takes time and is definitely anything but classic fast food. The chicken is then placed on a skewer in or over one Lehmhofen, the tandoor, fried. The Indian national dish owes its name to this clay oven. Various sauces as well as naan bread sauces are served with the finished, crispy fried chicken. By the way, you can easily prepare the delicious tandoori chicken yourself in the oven at home; you will find numerous recipes for this national dish from India on the Internet.
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A dosa is a thin, crepe-like one pancakeswhich is prepared on a cast iron plate. As a rule, the dosa are eaten for breakfast in India. The dosa need plenty of time to prepare. The lentils and rice have to soak for several hours before they can be pureed and the dough left to ferment overnight. After the pancakes have been baked, they are then served with Sambar, a lentil and tamarind based sauce, and usually served with a coconut chutney. In India you will come across numerous variations of the national dish. The most popular way to serve the pancakes is as a masala dosa, with a flavorful one Potato filling. In addition to hearty variations, there are also plenty of sweet variations of the Dosa.
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This dish comes from the South Indian cuisine. Idli are steamed, flat, round, small cakes made from a fermented dough based on native beans and rice. They have a soft consistency and are often used in combination with chutney, sambar or vada breakfast eaten.
The vadas are available in numerous different variants. The only thing in common: They all consist of fried dough. The most common are those Dahi Vadawhich are reminiscent of fried mini donuts and are served with sweetened yoghurt. Both dishes, Idly and Vada, are often served together - usually in combination with chutney for dipping and a sambar.
Indian eating habits
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Are you sitting in a restaurant and looking desperately for a knife and fork? You can sometimes search in vain because in India with the right hand eaten. Preferably with the thumb, index and middle finger. The left hand is considered unclean because, as in many other Arab countries, in India it is used for cleaning after using the toilet. In most restaurants, especially in the tourist areas, cutlery is kept ready for us tourists. So if you miss a knife and fork on the table: Just ask.
In general, Indians like to eat out. A really good way to try as many delicious Indian dishes as possible is the so-called thali, which is available in many restaurants at lunchtime. If you are for a Thali If you decide, you will be served a colorful mix of different dishes with rice on a tray. Incidentally, the Thalis all-you-can-eat offers, which you can usually get for less than one euro.
There is a multitude of offers on the roadside for a small snack in between. You can consume the Indian street food without hesitation. In general, I can advise you to always make sure to select restaurants and street food stands that are well attended and clean look. You can usually get one there fresh food served and don't need to worry about that Wholesomeness close.
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Traditional Indian drinks are fruit juices, chai, lassi, toddy and arrak. Lassi Some of you probably already know, you can find the popular yoghurt drink everywhere in Asia and Eastern Europe. Lassi is best drunk with spicy dishes. Chai is a strong spicy tea made from black tea, milk, sugar and a spice mixture of cardamom, cinnamon, ginger, cloves and nutmeg. Behind the term Toddyhides a palm wine. The spirit Arrackis also made from the palm or sugar cane.
You should be a little careful with Indian drinks, because that tap water In India you cannot drink without hesitation as in Germany. Therefore, you should avoid freshly squeezed juices and lassis that are sold on the street, as these are often diluted with water. In the restaurants you can usually choose your drinks without hesitation.
Vegetarian & vegan
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As you may have noticed, India is a real one paradise for all vegetarians and vegans among you. Because Indian cuisine consists mainly of vegetarian dishes and you don't have to worry that you can only eat fruit and vegetables. Because no matter where you are in India, there will always be one vegetarian or vegan option give for you. On the one hand, this is due to the fact that many Indians forego meat mainly for religious reasons, others for financial reasons. The followers of Jainism, for example, only eat foods that neither animals nor plants have to suffer for. Most Muslims do without pork, while in Hinduism the cow is considered sacred. In general, the consumption of vegetarian dishes is widespread in India, which is why the majority of my TOP 20 of the most delicious national dishes in India are vegetarian and can also be easily veganized.
The prices for food in India are real very low. Samosas and others Street food You can get it for less than 50 cents. In a restaurant you pay between two and five euros for an entire menu including a drink. If you want to try the most delicious national dishes in India all day, from breakfast to lunch and delicious snacks to evening, you can pay a maximum of ten euros at the end of the day. If your not all meals in one restaurant then you can definitely get full for three to five euros per day. Of course, there are also really expensive and chic restaurants, which you can usually find in luxury hotels, where a meal can cost you between 20 and 30 euros. If you are looking for a low-budget vacation, I recommend that you do not eat in the tourist areas, but look a bit outside for delicious restaurants.
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