How can I live in Canada

Living and working in Canada

Every year Canada attracts millions of tourists with its breathtaking nature and pulsating metropolises. But the country is not only interesting for tourists: The North American state is one of the most popular emigration destinations worldwide.

The country has it all: Fascinating metropolises, including the capital Ottawa, Vancouver and Toronto, and at the same time unique landscapes, such as the Rocky Mountains and Banff National Park. The nature that Canada has to offer won't stop you from being amazed.

But from an economic point of view, Canada is worth a second look for potential employees and employers: Skilled workers are generally welcome because Canada is comparatively sparsely populated. This article will reveal to you which professions are particularly popular in Canada, what chances Germans have on the Canadian job market, what is necessary to be able to live and work permanently in Canada and what exactly awaits you in this great country.

Companies and jobs for Germans

The unemployment rate was also around 6.9% in 2015, making Canada an attractive destination for emigration from an economic point of view. Skilled workers have good job prospects in Canada. Engineers, craftsmen, technicians and doctors are just a selection of the professional fields that may be of interest to Germans. The most important economic sectors in Canada are biotechnology and the wood and chemical industries. The country is also known for its natural resources (the North American state has large reserves of oil, natural gas and minerals).

The wage level varies between the regions. In 2015, the median income in Canada was around $ 47,000. There are two levels of income tax calculation in Canada and the income tax payable is between 15% and 29%. In addition, there are provincial taxes, which make up a comparatively smaller proportion, but should still be included in advance. In some provinces there are also contributions to maintain the tax-financed health system.

Work permit

With a valid passport, Germans can travel through Canada for up to six weeks. However, if you are planning to stay longer and want to work in Canada, you need one Work permit. The “Temporary Work Permit” should be submitted in good time as it takes a few weeks to process. It is also important to find an employer while in Germany in order to be able to present a job offer to the Canadian authorities. The employer must also confirm that he does not have a Canadian specialist available for this job.

The work permit that will hopefully be issued afterwards can be valid for several years. But anyone who plans to stay in Canada for an entirely indefinite period of time, perhaps even wanting to emigrate forever, must submit a "Permanent Residence" application. In the course of this application, the applicant is categorized according to a point system. For example, language skills, educational level, professional qualifications or the affinity for Canada itself are assessed.

Tip: The "International Experience Canada“Gives people between 18 and 35 years of age the opportunity to discover Canada and work in Canada for up to 12 months. There are three different visa categories: Working Holiday, Young Professional and Internship. While the Working Holiday Visa is not tied to an employer, Young Professional and Internship require a contract with an employer in Canada before applying.


Canada is known for its good school system and high level of education. In Germany the system varies depending on the federal state, in Canada it is similar with regard to the different provinces.

Canada's school system includes elementary schools, middle schools and secondary high schools. Successful graduation from high school occurs after 12 years. Around 90% of the students attend public schools, parents can also choose between private schools, day schools or home tuition.

The individual provisions for universities and colleges also lie with the provinces. However, there are no major differences in quality. The various universities and colleges offer Bachelor, Master and Ph.D degrees and according to a study by the Federal Statistical Office, around 1,500 Germans were enrolled at a Canadian college or university in 2012.

Language and trade relationship

The North American state is known for its bilingualism: In Canada, English and French are the recognized official languages.

Anyone planning a branch in Canada should visit the German-Canadian Chamber of Commerce and Industry visit, there you will find all the important information about setting up a company in Canada. As far as German-Canadian trade relations in general are concerned, the values ​​are far below the actual potential of both countries. In 2014, the value of German exports to Canada was 8.6 billion euros, the value of Canadian exports to Germany was 3.4 billion euros. The general trend shows, however, that Canadian raw material deposits are becoming increasingly important for the German market.

Housing and society

Canada's culture is diverse: many regions offer emigrants of various origins good job prospects. The largest province in Canada is Quebec and, unlike other provinces, French is the only official language here. In general, the whole province is characterized by a French style. Others of the ten provinces are for example Alberta, Ontario or British Columbia.

The cost of living in Canada can be compared to that in Germany and varies between different provinces and cities. Rents are high in the metropolitan areas, the monthly rent for a furnished 2-room apartment in Montreal is the equivalent of around 1,030 euros. Rental agreements are usually concluded for a period of one year. It is also worth thinking about buying a house, as it is often a lucrative investment.

In comparison to Germany, clothes or petrol are considered to be a little cheaper, while groceries are often described as very expensive. It should also be taken into account that advertised prices in Canada are mostly net prices. Depending on the province, different tax rates are added to the prices; in the province of Alberta, which is popular with Germans, this surcharge is, for example, 6%.

By and large, you can find anything in Canada, whether you are looking for peace and seclusion or are looking for an exciting adventure in the big city. It is important to familiarize yourself with the wage and rent levels in the various provinces and cities beforehand in order to avoid nasty surprises and unnecessary complications.

Germans in Canada

German Canadians are part of Canadian culture. A census in 2006 showed a share of 10% of the total population of 3.2 million people who have German ancestors. Germans are found mainly in the prairie provinces, including Saskatchewan, Manitoba and Alberta. The cities with the largest proportions of German-born residents are Toronto and Vancouver, followed by Winnipeg, Kitchener and Montreal.

Canada has been one of the most popular emigration destinations for Germans for many years. Many immigrants hope for better living and working conditions there. With the right preparation and the fulfillment of all important and sometimes complex criteria that have to be fulfilled for a permanent stay in Canada, the dream of living and working in Canada can come true!