What words rhyme with growing
By Caren Battaglia
Rhymes to laugh at: Laughing girls.
Girls and boys all over the world grow up with verse and rhyme. Why do the children find it so funny?
All children in the world, whether in Papua New Guinea or in Winterthur Töss, love rhymes. And - they need it. "Rhymes, poems and songs have important functions for children," says Professor Kurt Franz, President of the German Academy for Children's and Young People's Literature. "First of all, they are fun for children because they deviate from the usual way of speaking and they sound funny." But girls and boys also learned that language is not just content, but that every content has a form. "An important skill: to strike the right note with what you say", says Franz. "In addition, language is beautiful as melody, rhythm and sometimes even completely without meaning." This is proven by all the little girls between the North Cape and Nigeria who clap their hands together at breakneck speed and sing "Em pom pi koloni, kolonastik, em pom pi, akademi sulfari, akademi puff, puff" or something similar. Content: null. Nonsense fascination factor: enormous.
For children, the sound is the trump card, not the meaning
For example, scientists Stephen Dewhurst and Claire Robinson from the University of Lancaster in the UK found that adults in an association test for a given word select other related words from a list. For example at home: apartment, garden, roof, etc., while preschool children decided on the rhyming words when assigning. So: house, mouse, louse, etc. The smaller the child, the more interested it is in how something sounds and not what it is called. No wonder, since girls and boys approach their mother tongue right from the start through onomatopoeia and intonation.
Babies of German-speaking parents even cry differently than children of French-speaking mothers and fathers. This is what scientists at the Center for Prelinguistic Development and Developmental Disorders at the University Hospital Würzburg have discovered. While French newborns cried in such a way that the frequency rose from a low to a higher frequency, German babies howled in exactly the opposite way. According to the respective language melody, in which the French emphasize the word papa on the second syllable, German speakers on the first syllable. Even before birth, according to study director Kathleen Wermke to «Spiegel online», infants learned the intonation of the respective language. Up to the age of 12 months, babies discover sounds that differ from their mother tongue as accurately as a drug dog can detect a kilo of coke. Only then do they lose this ability, the attention no longer extends only to the sound, but also to the words.
Emotional relationship is important for language acquisition
After all, 13,000 of them have to be learned by the time they start school. For example, three-year-olds memorize around 30 new names every day. But only if the new words come from real people. Learning DVDs and the babbling of Teletubbies do not encourage language acquisition in the least, they slow it down. And the younger the looking child, the more so. Every hour that small children squat in front of language support programs reduces the number of vocabulary learned by six to eight. This is what researchers at the University of Washington found out. They did not find out how parents come up with the idea of parking children under the age of three for several hours in front of the television.
In any case, it has been proven that language is taught primarily through emotional relationships. A lullaby with dad, the lunchtime slogan "Everyone eats as much as he can, just not his neighbor" with mom, and the fixed Chindsgi greeting ritual "All the children are here now, hurray, hurray, hurray!" combine the pleasant feeling of closeness, security and security with language. The foundation for the joy of speaking has been laid. If movements are added, girls and boys memorize verses even better and thereby train their ability to recognize the same initial sounds and endings, for example. An important prerequisite for learning to read and write. A first step towards a book and a first step towards a sense of community through shared culture.
Language can create anything
“Of course, all rhymes that provoke are also very popular with children,” says Kurt Franz. Adults should listen generously and remember their own childhood. Back then, as now, rattling laughter accompanied the saying “An elephant came from Schaffhausen and let a fart rush through the phone”, and generations of children were already looking forward to “We come from the blue mountains, our teacher is just as stupid as we”. No, that's not nice. But it's wonderful that children giggle like only children giggle. And learn by the way: You can create anything with language, Goethe's Faust and "Zicke, zacke, Hühnerkacke".
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