What language do they speak in Australia

What languages ​​are spoken in Australia?

Although Australia does not have an official language, English is considered the de facto national language of Australia and is spoken by everyone. Even so, Australia is a linguistically and culturally diverse country with influences from more than 160 languages ​​spoken. Australian English has a unique accent and vocabulary. In total, Australians have more than 200 languages ​​spoken. In the 2011 census, 76.8% Australian spoke English at home. Mandarin is the largest non-English dialect spoken in Australia. Immigration patterns had a significant impact on the country's most widely spoken language other than English. Early European settlement in Australia almost wiped out the indigenous languages, and only a few of these original languages ​​have survived today.

National statistics of languages ​​spoken in Australia

The 2011 analysis of the language spoken at home shows that the majority of Australians speak English only compared to non-English speakers. Overall, over 76.8% of people only speak English, 18.2% don't speak English. Alongside English, Mandarin is the dominant language spoken by 1.6% (336,178 people) speakers at home. Other emerging languages ​​include Punjabi, Filipino / Tagalog, and Arabic. Sydney, Australia's most multicultural city, has over 30% of its population and does not speak English at home. Sydney and Melbourne are home to more than 65% of non-English migrants who generally speak some 240 foreign languages. Many immigrants use their mother tongue and have little English. As a result, around 1 million migrants cannot speak English, which is a large number, especially in a country of around 20 million people, of whom 15% (3 million) speak a second language at home.


Australian English and British English are similar, but the first has a colorful slang called "Strine" which is thrown for good measure. Strine or Ozspeak is the country's greatest creative product, characterized by abbreviations, profanity and exaggeration, interwords and vulgar expressions. Strine is a slang derived from the early convicts of Cockney (London) and Ireland. It then developed as a rebellious subculture. Nonetheless, the use of stri and slang words varies from state to state. Australian English also has many Aboriginal words. Since people cannot decide which English to use, there are a variety of spelling errors such as work / work and program / program. Also, many of the words used in the country every day have different meanings than Australia compared to other English speaking countries in the world. For example, crook means sick, game (brave), ring (top performer), cry (round of drinks), tube (can of beer), and globe (lightbulb). Everything is abbreviated in Australia. Some words have added the vowel, or o, as seen in Derro (abandoned), Reffo (refugee), and Garbo (garbage man). Others have a suffix (I, ie or y) such as in Aussie (Australia), Barbie (barbecue), Chrissy (Christmas), Footy (soccer ball), Mozzie (mosquito) and Cossie (swimming costume).

Aboriginal languages ​​spoken in Australia

The Australian Aboriginal community has the longest cultural history in the world, dating back to the 60,000 times. By the time the First European Fleet entered the country in 1788, Australia had around 250 native languages. It is believed that these languages ​​originated from a single language family made up of 700 dialects. Of those 250, only 20 survive today, and they are regularly spoken to and also taught in schools. The most common Native American language is kriol, which has many English words with different meanings and is usually written phonetically.

Tasmania or Palawa languages ​​of Australia

Tasmania languages ​​were the native language of Tasmania Island. Based on short lists of words, Tasmanian had five to six tongues. Some records indicate that the six languages ​​were not mutually understandable, which is why a lingua franca became a necessity. It is unknown whether the lingua franca was Creole, Koinem, Pidgin or a mixed language. The last record of this language as a means of communication was in 1830, and the last full-blooded Tasmanian died in 1888. The last Tasmanian speaker died in 1905. Today, Tasmanian indigenous people speak English.

Torres Strait Island spoken languages ​​in Australia

The inhabitants of the Torre Strait Islands and the Creole, based in England, have two indigenous languages; the transitionally agglutinating west-central language and Meriam Mir. The west-central language is known for its dialect names such as Kalau Kawau Ya, Kaiwaligau Ya, Kulkalgau Ya and Kalau Lagau Ya. The four dialects are closely related. The western-central dialect has male and female genders, but no neutral gender. This language belongs to the Pama Nyungan language family, which encompasses most of the country. Meriam Mir, the eastern language of Torres Straight, is a Papuan dialect related to Papua New Guinea languages. Meriam Mir had two dialects, Meriam Mir and Erubim Mir. The language of the Eastern Torres Strait is the only Papuan dialect native to Australia. Creole, which was developed in the 1880s, is considered an indigenous language of the Torres Straits and has five dialects - Cape York, Eastern, Papua, TI, and Western Central. Australian Creole is a mix of English, Aboriginal, and other dialects. The tongue is a pidgin language that has evolved as the primary language of a community. Brokan language is not typically Pacific English Creole.

Minority Languages ​​of Australia

Other minority languages ​​spoken in the country are Italian spoken by 1.4% of the population, Arabic spoken by 1.3% of the population, Greek spoken by 1.3%, and Cantonese spoken by 1.2% of the population. There is also the Auslan Yolŋu Sign Language and other Aboriginal sign languages ​​in the country.

What languages ​​are spoken in Australia?

1Main languagesAustralian English (80%)
2Indigenous languagesTasmanian languages, Australian Aboriginal languages, Torres Strait Island languages
3Minority languagesMandarin Chinese (1.6%) Italian (1.4%), Arabic (1.3%), Greek (1.3%), Cantonese (1.2%)
4Sign languageAuslan Yolŋu Sign Language and other Aboriginal sign languages

Author: Walter Willis

Walter Willis is a 35 year old journalist. Organizer. Hipster-friendly music specialist. Internet guru. Trailblazer of the journey.