Is Greece a Balkan country
12 countries belong to the Balkans, here you can see them all at a glance:
- Bosnia and Herzegovina
- North Macedonia
The countries Croatia, Romania, Serbia and Slovenia only partly belong to the Balkans. Their area extends in the north beyond the border with the Balkans. Only a small part of the area of Turkey lies in the Balkans, the rest extends in the south beyond the border of the Balkans.
The name Balkan, which is often used synonymously with the term Balkan Peninsula, comes from the Balkan Mountains. This is mainly due to the country Bulgaria. Balkans refers to the area of the entire peninsula in the south-east of Europe. In the south, the Sea of Marmara with the Straits of the Bosphorus and the Dardanelles separates the Balkan countries from the rest of Turkey.
In the north it was agreed to use the line connecting Odessa in Ukraine and Trieste in Italy as a border. Correct, strictly speaking, Italy, the Republic of Moldova, Ukraine and Hungary would also be Balkan countries.
If you are interested in the countries that make up the Balkans, the Balkan travel guide (Trescher Verlag) by Beate Kirchner and Jonny Rieder might be something for you.
Information on the countries in the Balkans
Overall, around 80 million people live in the Balkans, almost as many as in Germany. In the west is the Balkan Peninsula in the Mediterranean Sea. The countries Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Albania and Greece as well as Turkey have a share of the coast.
To the east is the Balkans in the Black Sea. There the Balkan countries Romania, Bulgaria and Turkey have a share of the coast.
The Balkan countries Serbia, Kosovo and North Macedonia are completely inland.
In this book you can learn a lot of interesting information about the history of the Balkans and its countries.
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Belonging to the EU
Four of the Balkan countries currently belong to the European Union: Bulgaria, Greece, Croatia and Slovenia.
The countries of Albania, North Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia and Turkey are designated as candidate countries. This means that an application for membership has been submitted, this has been accepted and negotiations are ongoing.
The countries of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Kosovo are identified as potential candidate countries. This means that an agreement was reached between the EU and these countries to stabilize them in preparation for accession negotiations.
Special features of the Balkan countries
The countries that make up the Balkans have in common that, throughout history, they have repeatedly got caught between the fronts of the great empires, which has left clear traces and conflicts to this day. In the same context, there are ethnic conflicts in the countries in the Balkans, for example between Christians and Muslims.
In the Balkans, for example, the most recent armed confrontations on European soil except for the Ukraine conflict took place. The Yugoslav Wars, the first of which was in 1991 and the last in 2001. NATO also intervened in the war in the Balkans. Traces of the bombing can still be seen in the Serbian capital Belgrade.
The countries that are in the Balkans are great travel destinations because of their beautiful landscapes and diverse cultural stories. The wild mountains of Montenegro, the colorful life in Sarajevo, the countless bunkers in Albania or the endless plains in Bulgaria. All of this promises exciting adventures and many precious memories.
Even if you are looking for industrial ruins or want to see the nodding heads of oil production facilities like in the American Wild West, the countries that belong to the Balkans are right for you.
More about the Balkan countries
In the Balkan Mountains on a lonely peak in Bulgaria there is a mysterious UFO from the time of communism. You can find out more about this on the page about the Busludscha Monument.
You can explore the typical coast of the Balkan countries in the south of Albania away from the crowded beaches. You can find more about this on the page about the Albanian Riviera.
If you want to visit two of the prettiest towns on the whole Balkan Peninsula, then Gjirokastra and Berat in Albania could be for you.
You can find an interesting article about the current political situation in the Balkan countries at the newspaper LE MONDE diplomatique read, which you can find here.
Images from countries in the Balkans
On the following pictures you can see the typical landscape of the countries in the Balkans.
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