Can anime overtake the popularity of western animation?

Terms of a digital media theory: "Connectivity" (tsunagari), "Database" (dētabēsu) and "Ludic Realism" (gēmu-teki riarizumu)

Medium as Mediation pp 163-209 | Cite as

  • Fabian Schäfer
First Online:
Part of the media • Culture • Communication book series (MKK)


A series of political, economic and social events - such as the death of Shōwa-Tennō (1989/90), which coincided with the end of the Cold War and with whose demise one of the last surviving artefacts of the war period died out, the bursting of the highly speculative bubble economy Early 1990s, the social debate about the participation of the self-defense forces in the First Gulf War (1990-1991), the end of the undisputed supremacy of the Liberal Democratic Party of Japan (1993), the poison gas attack by the Aum sect and the Kobe earthquake (both 1995) - has led to the 1990s being viewed as a sharp turning point in contemporary Japanese history. Due to the ongoing economic recession and political instability, some observers are already speaking of "two lost decades" (ushinawareta nijū-nen).

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Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1. Chair of Japanese Studies IUniversity Erlangen-Nürnberg Chair of Japanese Studies I Erlangen, Germany