Why are Americans so patriotic and religious
The PRRI research institute (Public Religion Research Institute) recorded in a study from the year 2016/2017 "The end of white Christian America". The basis for this statement is a large-scale study by the PRRI with 101,438 respondents in all 50 states: "American Values Atlas" in which religious orientations and their changes were also examined: "America’s Changing Religious Identity". It is the end of the era of self-image.
The key phrase, according to PRRI, is: “The American religious landscape is undergoing a dramatic transformation. White Christians, once the dominant religious group in the US, now make up less than half of all adults in the country. "
Today, only 43 percent of Americans identify as white and Christian and only 30 percent identify as white and Protestant. In 1976, about eight in ten (81 percent) of Americans identified as white and Christian, and a majority (55 percent) were white Protestants.
In 2007 only ten federal states did not have a white Christian majority (green areas), in 2016 there were already 25 federal states in which the whites no longer form the Christian majority.
White Evangelical Protestants used to be believed to be a longer trend, but their numbers have declined sharply over the past decade. Less than a fifth (17 percent) of Americans are evangelical, compared to nearly a quarter (23 percent) in 2007. In the same period, the white Catholics fell by five percentage points from 16 percent to 11 percent and the white “Mainstram” Protestants from 18 percent to 13 percent.
Non-Christian religious groups are growing, but combined they represent only six percent of adult US citizens. Jewish Americans make up two percent, while Muslims, Buddhists, and Hindus only organize one percent each. All other non-Christian religions also make up one percent.
67 percent of the adult US population (18 years and older) is Christian, 6 percent are non-Christian religious, 24 percent are religiously unaffiliated, and 3 percent gave no answer.
America's youngest religious groups are all non-Christian. Muslims, Hindus, and Buddhists are all younger than white Christian groups. At least a third of Muslims (42 percent), Hindus (36 percent) and Buddhists (35 percent) are under 30 years of age. A third (34 percent) of non-religious Americans are also under 30 years of age. In contrast, white Christian groups are older. Only every tenth white Catholic (11 percent), white Evangelical Protestant (11 percent) and white Protestant (14 percent) are under 30. Around six out of ten white Evangelical Protestants (62 percent), white Catholics (62 percent), and white Protestants (59 percent) are at least 50 years old.
The proportion of those who were not religiously bound increased from 7 percent to 24 percent between 1976 and 2016.
Most of those who are not religiously bound (58 percent) are simply "secular"; H. they see themselves as someone who is not religious. Atheists and agnostics make up only about a quarter (27 percent) of all religiously unaffiliated Americans. However, 16 percent of non-religiously affiliated Americans report that they see themselves as a “religious person”.
The proportion within the religiously unbound by age group shows the future viability of this group. If only 8 percent of the 80-year-olds and older and 12 percent of the 70-79-year-olds see themselves as unbound, this proportion increases continuously to a proportion of significantly more than a third (38 percent) in the youngest Age group of 18-29 year olds.
These changes are also clearly visible in the representation of four age groups and their religious identifications. The younger the age group, the more 'colorful' it becomes ethnically and just as secular.
There are 20 states in which no religious group has a larger proportion of residents than those who are not religiously affiliated. These states tend to be more concentrated in the western United States, although they also include a few New England states. More than four in ten (41 percent) of Vermont residents and about a third of Americans are in Oregon (36 percent), Washington (35 percent), Hawaii (34 percent), Colorado (33 percent), and New Hampshire (33 percent) Percent)) see themselves as religiously unbound.
The PRRI study remains - also with its various other findings - on the purely descriptive presentation. However, a few comments are useful. According to the US Census, the US population has increased by more than 50 percent since 1970. From 203 million (1970) to 227 million (1980), 249 million (1990). 281 million (2000), 309 million (2010) and 327 million (2017). The reasons for this are - with regard to the changes in the religious landscape - on the one hand external (birth surplus and immigration from Latin America) on the other hand internal (age structure and death surplus of the white population) and social: the self-secularization, especially of the younger ones.
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