Why is genocide often punished?
Thinking outside the box - history and political education 4, textbook
60 Holocaust In the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of Genocide, genocide is defined as a crime under international law. Today there is great international interest in punishing people who are guilty of genocide. Criminal law at the national level does not always have effective means. Perpetrators are often among those who are still in power in a state. Hence, they could influence the state's prosecution and crimes could go unpunished. In order to prevent this, international criminal law was developed. It is used for particularly serious human rights violations; in addition to genocide, the v. a. "War Crimes" and "Crimes Against Humanity". The International Criminal Court in The Hague (Netherlands) is the main institution for prosecuting these crimes (see pp. 63, 65). Development of the UN Genocide Convention In response to the atrocities of National Socialism, Shoah and Holocaust, the United Nations (UN) passed the “Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of Genocide” in 1948. The UN had already passed the resolution (resolution) to create a genocide convention in 1946. The convention states, among other things, that genocide is a crime under international law and does not expire. States that accede to the convention undertake to create legal foundations that enable the prosecution of individuals or groups who are guilty of genocide. The following statement can be found in the minutes of the meeting of the Austrian National Council on January 29, 1958: ›The“ Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of Genocide ”came into force in 1951. It was one of the first UN human rights treaties with the aim of protecting basic human rights (eg the right to life and protection from extermination on nationalist, racist, religious or ethnic grounds). ›In August 1945 the Allies established an International Military Tribunal. The Nuremberg trials of 22 major Nazi war criminals lasted from November 1945 to October 1946. The charges were “war crimes” (eg execution of civilians by the Wehrmacht), “crimes against humanity” ( Genocide) and “crimes against peace” (planning and conducting a war of aggression). Judge's bench at a hearing on the Nuremberg Trials, photo, 1945 47ac4p International Criminal Court A11 Summarize the reasons given in the statement for Austria's accession to the UN Convention on Genocide. Compare the content of the statement with the behavior during the time of National Socialism. Put yourself in the place of the 1950s and formulate a speech in which you campaign for accession to the UN Convention. (HMK) M7 High House! […] In its resolution […] of December 11, 1946, the General Assembly of the United Nations declared genocide to be a crime under international law […] 8250 Austria's accession to the present convention is justified not only from an international legal point of view, but also from a political point of view whose goal of granting the same protection to all population groups, regardless of their national, ethnic, racial or religious differences, has always been one of the guiding principles of Austrian politics. Stenographic Protocol, VIII Legislative Period, January 29, 1958, p.192 International Criminal Court in The Hague (NL), photo, 2017 For review purposes only - property of the publisher öbv
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