What is the lifespan of a corgi

Pembroke Welsh Corgi - your complete guide to a truly regal breed

Here is your complete guide to the fascinating Pembroke Welsh Corgi!

These dogs get a lot of press. This is not only because they are a real darling, but also because the Queen of England, Elizabeth II, loves them.

A recent article in British tabloid The Sun even called her pet corgis the "power kept the throne".

If you're thinking of getting one, we think you'll find it easy to adore these stocky, cute pups.

But before you realize that you can't resist them, there are a few things you need to know. What do corgis like to live with? What requirements do you need in order to lead a full and happy life?

Are you ready to share your home with a Pembroke Welsh Corgi? Let's find out!

Where do Pembroke Welsh Corgis come from?

Corgis have a magical background. Legends say that these dogs were used by fairies and elves to pull carriages, work their cattle and as riding horses.

We know these dogs have been used as shepherds, farm keepers and family companions in Wales since the tenth century.

They may descend from the Vallhunds - Swedish cattle dogs - or their ancestors may be the Flemish Schipperkes and Pomeranians who were brought to Wales by Flemish weavers and invited to Great Britain by King Henry I in 1107.

Kennel Club recognition

In the 1920s, corgis were recognized as a breed by the English Kennel Club.

And in 1934, the Pembroke and Cardigan Corgis were recognized as breeds in their own right.

In 1934, the American Kennel Club also recognized both breeds.

The Cardiganshire Corgis are an older breed that differs from the Pembrokeshire breed by having larger, rounded ears, smaller eyes, and an undocked tail.

These dogs are also boned a little more heavily.

Today, Pembroke Welsh Corgis are the 18th most popular breed in the United States. The word "corgi" supposedly means "dwarf dog" in Welsh.

What do Pembroke Welsh Corgis look like?

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They have a very distinctive appearance due to their long bodies and short legs.

A Welsh Corgi dog's head is fox-like in shape and appearance.

They have wide, flat skulls and erect, bat-like ears that can look large, especially on Welsh Corgi puppies.

The long bodies keep them balanced, and Pembroke Welsh Corgis have deep breasts.


The corgi's coat is of medium length, with a short but thick waterproof undercoat and a longer and coarser coat that lies flat.

Their hair is usually straight or wavy.


In general, Pembroke Welsh Corgi colors include red, sable, fawn, black, and tan, with or without white markings. Pembroke Welsh Corgi tails are docked.

Show dog characteristics

If your plan to show off corgis, "fluffies" - a long coat with feather on the ears - are considered a mistake.

So are "whitelies" - white dogs with dark / red markings - and "bluies", where the colored part of the coat has a bluish cast (often paired with light eyes).

Mismarks contain "self" colors with any white on the back between the withers and tail, on the sides between the elbows and the back of the hindquarters, or on the ears.

Black with white markings and no tan is also a misunderstanding.

Corgis shed daily and more in the season so they need constant grooming.

How do you care for a Welsh Corgi?

A Pembroke Welsh Corgi should be groomed on a daily basis as these dogs will be ejected.

Use a comb and a slicker brush to control the dandruff hair. Use these two tools every day.

This shouldn't take long - just a few minutes a day should help control the flyaway hair.

Spray the coat with water to avoid airborne hair.

Especially during the season (late spring, early summer), give your corgi baths to loosen dead hair, then brush it.

Scraping out the coat can help remove the undercoat lost this time of year.

Don't forget to cut your dog's nails!

Your ears should also be checked regularly.

How much should my Pembroke Welsh Corgi weigh?

An adult corgi weighs approximately 27-30 pounds.

They are like big dogs in small packages - very compact and muscular!

But they are also balanced. Corgis are not roughly or severely boned.

For showing corgis, the preferred weight is approximately 27 pounds for men and 25 pounds for women.

Show dogs should have nice medium bone structure.

How big will my Pembroke Welsh Corgi get?

The height for dogs is usually calculated from the floor to the withers.

In corgis, the size for adult dogs is typically around 10-12 inches.

Of course, the best way to find out the height of your Pembroke Welsh Corgi is to see their parents and grandparents.

A look into the genetic line can give you a more precise range of height options.

Pembroke Welsh Corgi temperament

Many consider the Welsh Corgi to be one of the most pleasant breeds of dogs because they are cute and affectionate without being needy.

These dogs are bright, curious, and sensitive puppies.

Since they are used to herd cattle (by nibbling on their feet), they are relatively fearless and brave.

Pembroke corgis are active, lively little boys with a ton of stamina.

They have keen senses and make good watch dogs.

Corgis are not aggressive. You are sociable and loyal.

Do Pembroke Welsh Corgis Bark Make A Lot?

As good watchdogs, corgi dogs bark to warn people.

They have quite a loud and strong bark because of their size because of the depth of their chest.

They can also bark when they are home alone or bored. If they're not getting enough exercise, you'll hear them loud and clear!

The good news is, they're very trainable too, so this is something to work on.

Training of a Pembroke Corgi from Wales

Training is beneficial to all dogs, and corgis are very responsive to training because of their energy and willingness to please.

Since they're also fairly independent, training can help curb this tendency and keep corgis out of trouble.

Remember, they are a sensitive breed, so positive, reward-based training works well. Exercise can also help to deepen the dog-dog relationship.

Corgis are on the small side, but they have big dog qualities so they are good to socialize with people and other dogs.

You may also need to train them to walk up and down stairs because of their long bodies.

Is a Pembroke Welsh Corgi a Good Pet?

Welsh Corgis can definitely make good pets thanks to their sweet temperaments and loyal natures.

Just make sure you socialize and exercise well!

How much exercise does my Welsh Corgi need?

As active and energetic pups, corgis need exercise.

They enjoy long and short walks, jogging, and other pursuits.

You can also benefit from some agility training thanks to her herding.

However, as a short-legged breed, the Corgi training needs are moderate.

Make sure you provide enough toys for mental and physical exercise, such as balls and rubber rings.

Avoid chewable objects!

Are Corgis Good With Children?

Yes they are, but puppies with Welsh Corgi may require some training to curb the natural herd behavior where it affects young children.

Use common sense when introducing corgis to children and pets too.

These dogs have been used on the farm for guathing and many other duties so they can consider children and other pets as part of herding first.

You need to train them early to curb this type of behavior.

Corgis aren't very big, but they can herd cattle by nibbling on their heels so they can try children.

Pembroke Welsh Corgi lifespan and health

Breeders estimate the average lifespan of Pembroke Welsh Corgis to be around 12-13 years.

White corgis are often healthily happy; There are several health problems in this breed.

One thing to know is that Pembroke Welsh Corgis are considered a true dwarf breed.

That means they are built in proportion to larger dogs, even though they are smaller.

The short legs that corgis are known for come from a phenotype called chondrodysplasia, which is also seen in the basset hound.

Some of the conditions corgis may face are listed below.

Hip dysplasia

Hip dysplasia is an umbrella term for conditions that affect the joints of dogs. The condition leads to osteoarthritis in the affected joints and eventual loss of use.

This condition can sometimes be managed for a time with diet and controlled exercise as well as drug therapies, but it is progressive and not reversible.

You may know about larger dogs, but the chondrodysplasia that is grown in corgis causes hip laxity and problems that lead to dysplasia.

Eye diseases

Corgis can inherit problems in the eyes such as progressive retinal atrophy, cataracts, corneal ulcers, blocked lacrimal glands, conjunctivitis, epiphora, and trichiasis.

These can eventually lead to blindness.

Such diseases and the resulting blindness can be treated with caution.

Von Willebrand disease

This is an inherited form of thrombocytopathy or qualitative platelet defects.

These defects cause problems in platelet function, including adhesion, aggregation, and release.

It's basically a bleeding disorder that's especially commonly diagnosed in corgis.

If your dog is bleeding for a long time despite normal platelet counts and bleeding disorders, this could be a cause.

Dogs with this disease should not be allowed to play roughly with other dogs because of the excessive bleeding, but the condition can sometimes be treated with transfusion therapy.

Heart health

Depending on which studies you read, one of the biggest causes of corgi mortality is from heart disease.

Corgis may experience heart murmurs, primary hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, congenital heart shunts from right to left, and persistent ductus arteriosus (the opening of two vessels leading from the heart), among others.

Each of these conditions will have different management regimes and prognoses that can be monitored by your veterinarian.


While many studies don't specify the type of cancer, studies by Corgi and All-Inclusive Mortality show that cancer is usually one of the top three leading causes of death for this breed (heart problems, cancer, and age are also top causes of mortality).

Degenerative myelopathy

Dogs with degenerative myelopathy (DM) in their spinal cord experience progressive and chronic problems in their pelvic limbs that can lead to paraplegia and incontinence.

Veterinarians can prescribe drug treatment, but the long-term prognosis for DM is poor.

Many dogs diagnosed with DM are euthanized within six months of being diagnosed.

Other problems

Other problems that corgis may be prone to include reproductive problems (irregular heat cycles, lack of testicles, infertility, uterine infections), elbow dysplasia, neurological disorders, gastrointestinal problems, and autoimmune diseases.

We recommend a genetic test for the above conditions so that you know how healthy your puppy is.

Should I Buy a Pembroke Welsh Corgi Puppy?

To be honest, Corgi puppies are the cutest - but maybe not always the healthiest, given the chondrodysplasia in them bred for generations.

Responsible breeders will do their best to ensure the best genetics for future generations, but Corgis are a draft horse breed - a lot of people suddenly want them.

If you're looking for a small breed of dog, a Miniature Schnauzer, Miniature Poodle, or Border Terrier might suit your needs as well.

However, if you have a corgi, we get it. You will have no problem finding breeders for Pembroke Welsh Corgi.

Just make sure you read up on the results of the health information and genetic testing before you fall in love.

If you are looking for a Welsh Corgi adoption, Pembroke Welsh Corgi rescues that breed specific ones exist.

You won't necessarily get information about a puppy's parents, but testing is still important!

Corgis are cute, and with a little training they make fine, loving family pets. What do you think? Let us know in the comments.

References and further reading

  • American Kennel Club, Pembroke Welsh Corgi.
  • Adams, VJ et al (2010). Methods and mortality results from a health examination of purebred dogs in the UK. Journal of Small Animal Practice, 51.
  • Coates, JR et al (2008). Clinical characterization of familial degenerative myelopathy in Pembroke Welsh Corgi dogs. Journal of Veterinary Medicine, 21.
  • Ekenberg, V. Genetic parameters that affect leg length, leg weakness, hip and elbow conformation in domesticated dogs compared to pigs. Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet.
  • Karbe, GT et al. (2012). Radiological hip joint phenotype of the Pembroke Welsh Corgi. Veterinary surgery, 41.
  • Kolm, US et al (2006). Plexogenic pulmonary arteriopathy in a Pembroke Welsh Corgi. Journal of Small Animal Practice, 45.
  • Marks, CA (1993). Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in a dog. American Medical Association Journal, 203.
  • Moore, FM and Thornton, GW (1983). Telangiectasia from Pembroke Welsh Corgi Dogs. Veterinary pathology, 20.
  • Pembroke Welsh Corgi Club of America, Inc. Genetics and Health Issues.
  • Peterson-Jones, S. (2006). Advances in the molecular understanding of canine retinal disease. Journal of Small Animal Practice, 46.
  • Szabo, SD et al (2007). Evaluation of a circumferential femoral head osteophyte as an early indicator of osteoarthritis characteristic of canine hip dysplasia. American Veterinary Medical Association Journal, 231.
  • The Kennel Club. Report of the Scientific Committee of the British Small Veterinary Association of the Kennel Club: Summary of the results of the Purebred Dog Regulations for the Pembroke Welsh Corgi breed.
  • Woody, BJ (1992). Clinical approach to diagnosing diseases and disorders in pets and pets, sometimes mistakenly called anticoagulant toxicosis. Proceedings of the Fifteenth Conference on Vertebrate Plague.