Why do people protect their nationality
The basic democratic order of Austria
1. What characterizes “human dignity”?
Human dignity means: The value of all people is the same and all people have certain rights that no one can or may take away from them. This applies regardless of a person's origin, regardless of gender, age, religion, language, social position, sexual orientation, citizenship, political and other beliefs.
Antiquity was an age in the Mediterranean. It lasted from around 1200 BC to around 600 AD.
The idea of human dignity arose in ancient times. In late antiquity, a Christian image of man based on faith, reason and freedom of conscience developed from this. The idea of human dignity was taken up again in Europe in the age of humanism and the Renaissance (15th and 16th centuries) and has been further developed in modern times.
The idea of human dignity has been widespread since the 18th century. Today this idea forms a very important foundation of our society.
In the age of humanism and the Renaissance (15th-16th centuries) many ideas of antiquity were rediscovered and revived.
The state and all of us are called upon to protect and respect the dignity and rights of every human being. It does not matter whether it is a child or an elderly person, a man or a woman, an innocent person or a criminally convicted person, a national or a foreigner, a worker or a university graduate. in.
>> Human dignity: the value of all people is the same and each and every one of us has rights that no one can or may take away from us.
So human dignity is not a special or additional quality, we have human dignity simply because we are human.
“UN” is the abbreviation for “United Nations”. This is the English name for "United Nations". The United Nations is an organization made up of 193 states that work for peace and the protection of human rights around the world.
2. How is respect for human dignity anchored in Austria?
Since 1811 it has been in the general civil code: Everyone has innate rights. Everyone is to be seen as a person. Slavery is forbidden.
Austria has also committed itself to respecting and safeguarding human rights. To this end, Austria has signed several international agreements that contain fundamental and human rights. Two examples are: the European Convention on Human Rights and the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union (= EU). But there are also agreements that specifically protect children, women, refugees and people with disabilities. Two examples are: the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (= UN) and the United Nations Convention on Refugees in Geneva.
The protection of fundamental rights and human rights by the Austrian Federal Constitution
>> Fundamental rights and human rights are international through
>> It also forms the Austrian Federal Constitution
a framework for the protection of fundamental rights.
Examples of fundamental rights and human rights
The right to live
The state has a duty to actively protect the lives of all people.
The prohibition of torture
Torture of people is prohibited. Also, people must not be punished or treated inhumanely or degrading. This prohibition is particularly important in prisons or during police operations and prohibits the infliction of physical and mental pain. The deportation of people to a country where they are threatened with torture or inhuman and degrading treatment is also prohibited.
Human trafficking and slavery exist, for example, when a woman is forced into prostitution and has to work in a brothel. Or when someone is recruited as a worker under false pretenses and then has to work under poor conditions but is not paid.
The prohibition of slavery and forced labor
People must not be made the property of other people. Adults determine their own actions and should not be determined by others. Therefore, human trafficking, slavery and forced labor are prohibited.
The prohibition of discrimination
Nobody may be unilaterally disadvantaged (= discriminated). Discrimination on the basis of gender, physical characteristics, language, religion, worldview, political conviction, sexual orientation, disability or membership of a national minority is therefore prohibited.
But there are also fundamental rights that only apply to citizens of Austria: for example the right to cast a vote in national elections (= right to vote).
Golden rule: "Treat others as you want them to treat you".
3. What does human dignity mean for our daily coexistence?
Everyone has human dignity. Therefore, I should have the same respect and fairness towards my fellow human beings that I expect for myself.
Racism is the conviction that the characteristics and abilities of people depend on their belonging to a “race”.
Sexism describes the discrimination or oppression of people because of their gender. Mostly sexism is directed against women.
Every form of racism, sexism, xenophobia and state or social exploitation of people is contrary to human dignity. In order to prevent this, there are corresponding laws in Austria. This is, for example, the Equal Treatment Act. It defines when a certain treatment in the world of work is considered to be one-sided disadvantage (= discrimination). The laws stipulate the consequences of such discrimination.
One-sided disadvantage (= discrimination) in the world of work exists, for example, if I am not accepted for a job advertisement because, according to the HR manager, I am too old or because I am an immigrant. If something like this happens to me, I can go to the lawyers for equal treatment, but also to the Chamber of Labor or the trade union for advice.
>> What do I do if I am disadvantaged in the workplace? www.gleichbehandlungs anwaltschaft.at
Outside of the world of work, I also have the opportunity to speak out against discriminatory behavior on the part of other people. The Equal Treatment Act forms the basis for this. In such a case, it makes sense to seek advice from the Equal Treatment Ombudsman, the district court or a lawyer.
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