Is jade a gem

Jade - jadeite and nephrite


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1. The meaning of jade
2. Where does the name of jade come from?
3. The story of jade
4. The properties of jadeite and nephrite
4.1 Jadeite
4.2 Nephrite
5. The colors of jade
6. Where does jade occur?
7. What is jade used for?
8. Are there any imitations of jade?
9. The grades of jade in the market
10. What does jade cost?
11. What healing effects does jade have?
12. How can jade be cared for?
13. Jewelry with jade


1. The meaning of jade

The term jade encompasses the minerals jadeite and nephrite, which is related to the history of jade. A high value has been attached to green gemstones for a long time and above all it is said to have healing effects on the kidneys. But where does that come from? And what is special about jade?

2. Where does the name of jade come from?

Jade was used very early on by the Indians of Central America to relieve kidney problems. This is how the gemstone got its name, derived from the Spanish “piedra de ijada” and translated as “loin stone”. This name comes from the time when America was conquered by Spain. The Chinese word “yü”, which means royal gemstone, did not catch on in Germany, although jade only came to Europe from China in the beginning.

3. The story of jade

Jade has been known to man for more than 7000 years. In Europe, all jade stones initially came from China. With the conquest of America by Spain, more green gemstones came to Europe, which were also mistaken for jade. In 1863 the French mineralogist Damour discovered and proved that two types of gemstone are hidden under jade: jadeite and nephrite. However, it is difficult to distinguish between the two minerals and are therefore listed under the common umbrella term. The common name for the two gemstones developed from the two regions (America and China) from which the green stones were imported to Europe and which were thought to be the same gemstones.

Jade was already mentioned in ancient writings under the term "Beilstein" because nephrite was often used for weapons due to its strength. The strength is even greater than that of steel.

In China, the jade was already included in the cult of gods over 2000 years ago and had a mystical meaning there and also indicated the social status. The gemstone also stands for the Chinese virtues of charity, courage, humility, justice and wisdom. The art of jade cutting is still practiced in China today, while in America it ended with the Spanish conquest, although jade was even more valued than gold there for a time.

4. The properties of jadeite and nephrite

4. 1 jadeite

The jadeite is very firm and tough because grains and felt-like fibers have grown together firmly in it. Jadeite is a sodium aluminum silicate. There are different varieties of jadeite: Chloromelanite is a green jadeite with black spots. The most sought-after jade is imperial jade, also known as emperor jade. Chrome has given it a beautiful, strong shade of green that resembles an emerald. Jade albit is light green and has dark green spots. There is also gold-plated jade called magnetite jade.

4.2 Nephrite

Nephrite is even stronger. It is a matted actinolite (jet stone). Nephrite is a calcium-magnesium-aluminum-silicate and has various iron components. Most nephrites have a yellowish color, but many other colors can also occur. Green nephrite is the most popular.

5. The colors of jade

Jade doesn't always have to be green. The variety of colors ranges from white and cream-colored to green or brown to lilac-colored stones. The iron in the gemstones is responsible for the green and brown tones. A lilac-colored jadeite has its color from manganese and is also called lavender jade. The most popular color on jadeiten is a shiny green, which is caused by chrome.

6. Where does jade occur?

Jadeiten occur mainly in Obermyanmar, where it is embedded in serpentine rock. The stone can also be found in Japan, China, Mexico, Canada, Kazakhstan, Russia and the USA.

Nephrite is more common than jadeite. The deposits in New Zealand used to be of great importance, and nephrites were also found in Poland. Today nephrite is found in Brazil, Australia, Mexico, Russia, Zimbabwe and the USA, among others.

7. What is jade used for?

Jadeite and nephrite are often made into cabochons, i.e. oval stones with a flat underside that are used on chains or rings. Jade is also used to decorate vases, figures and vessels. The gemstones are processed into pearls that are used for necklaces or bracelets. The main centers for processing jade are in China and Taiwan.

Jade among the Indians in Central and South America

Jadeite was used early on by the American Indians for masks and ritual objects. The gem was the symbol of water and growth. It had a high value that was even greater than that of gold and was therefore used for particularly valuable objects. It is also said that nobles who had died were put jadeite in their mouths because people believed that the gemstone would replace the heart.

8. Are there any imitations of jade?

Imitations of jade are made from glass and plastics. The trade names for the glass imitations are, for example, Siberian jade, Metajade or Victoria stone. The counterfeits are numerous and many confusing names are used. Also, there are known some embellishment measures taken on gemstones to increase their price. In general, it is not uncommon in trade that green stones are simply given out as jade and newly found green stones are simply classified under jade.

For example, the mineral serpentine is very often issued as jade. However, real jade has greater toughness. Indian jade is also not jade, but an aventurine (quartz), which is referred to as jade in the trade.

9. The grades of jade in the market

There are three quality levels that indicate the treatment of the gemstones.

A-jade: strong, green color

B-jade: treated (cooked in acids to remove impurities)

C-jade: treated and colored artificially green

10. What does jade cost?

How expensive jade is and how much it costs depends on the intensity of the color and on whether it is jadeite or nephrite. Nephrite has lost its place on the market because there are many imitations and is therefore no longer so price-intensive. Jadeite with a pure, bold color is the most valuable, and smooth, evenly colored stones are the most expensive.

11. What healing effects does jade have?

The jade is considered the stone of calming and harmony and it is said to have a variety of healing effects. It is the gemstone of the zodiac signs Pisces and Cancer and is said to lead to clarity and structure. In addition, it should evoke inner peace and tolerance and thus make you more empathetic. Due to its harmonious play of colors, it has a calming, energizing and balancing effect. Therefore, it should also help you to have a peaceful and restful sleep. Of course, jade is especially known for its healing effects on the body. In the case of kidney, liver or gallbladder problems, it should bring relief, as it was named precisely because of its effect in this area. But jade is also said to have other healing effects. It has a soothing effect on migraines, stomach problems and flu. Jade with a lighter color is said to help against varicose veins and hemorrhoids. In addition, a healing effect on the heart can be identified.

12. How can jade be cared for?

Jade is a delicate gemstone. It should therefore be looked after carefully. Before putting on a jade necklace, make sure that no perfume or cream has been applied, as this could damage the gemstone. Since jade is porous, no pressure should be exerted on it. A jade bracelet should be worn with care and protected from bumps.

13. Jewelry with jade

Due to the great variety of colors of jade, the range of jade jewelry is just as diverse. Wonderful bracelets in different green combinations, matt shimmering hoop earrings in shimmering white-green or earrings with intense dark green are just a small selection from the huge range of jewelry. Whether chains, pendants or charms - jade stones are popular gemstones for every piece of jewelry. The most common and most popular is, of course, green jewelry, but jewelry made of jade can also be found in purple, white or brownish colors.

Let yourself be inspired by the variety at Schmuckladen.de and find the jade jewelry that you like best. Because with the huge offer, the piece of jewelery is guaranteed to give your outfit that special something.