“We will not be held hostage to the US”. Day in History: July 1 - half a century ago France withdrew from NATO

France was one of the founders of the 12 NATO countries. However, in the decade since its creation in 1949, the North Atlantic Alliance between France and the United States have accumulated a lot of sharp contradictions. Paris was not ready to tolerate the domination of Washington and did not approve of the aggressive policy of NATO.

Scandal in the noble family has been brewing slowly but surely. The main troublemaker was French President Charles de Gaulle.

Source: ice-nut.ru

March 9, 1966, France officially announced its withdrawal from the NATO military organization. And she did it so as not to become a reality scenario BBC film “The Third World: A View from the command bunker,” who has done so much noise in Latvia. In other words, the US could not automatically involve France in a war with the USSR.

De Gaulle took the first “anti-NATO” steps back in March 1959: the French fleet in the Mediterranean was launched from under NATO command; US nuclear weapons were offered to withdraw from the territory of France; troops withdrawn from Algeria, have not been integrated into NATO. In addition, the Allies were asked to draw up an annual permit for the passage of aircraft over the territory of farntsuzskoy.

The conflict, which led to Paris for a radical decision to leave NATO, flared up in 1963 around the idea of ​​the US multilateral strategic nuclear forces (SSBNs).

This idea involves the joint construction of ships carrying nuclear weapons under the terms of co-financing and transfer them under the command of obschenatovskogo body. Voices of it would be distributed in proportion to each country’s share in the financing of the program. The project agreed to participate Germany, expects at least a way to get the right to make decisions about the use of atomic weapons.

The French project nemizmenno rejected, because in this situation the decisive voice in the matter to apply or use nuclear weapons en received the American generals. Paris offered an alternative: a triple US directory, France and Britain, each of the three states would have the power of veto on the use of nuclear weapons.

From the point of view of de Gaulle, the American version of SSBNs the plan would lead to Western Europe in the position of docile partner, whose purpose was to give the United States a foothold in the Old World to confront the Soviet Union.

De Gaulle did not consider subordination to Washington the best means of ensuring the interests of France. He believed that the security of the country would be well protected the efforts of France itself, if it is - not necessarily large - its own nuclear arsenal.

Unlike Washington, Paris did not consider seriously the prospect of a global war against the Soviet Union. France did not want it, did not see reason to suspect the Soviet Union in its intention to unleash. De Gaulle believed that the threat posed by the Soviet Union is able to provide to the United States is automatically a threat to France. French strategists proceeded from the fact that from the USSR to France, there is only a limited threat, which she is able to keep limited own nuclear potential. This potential Paris intended to be used only when an immediate threat for France, and only at their own discretion.

Source: ves.lv

The critical attitude of Paris to the US strategy has increased as the war in Vietnam in the 1965-1966 biennium. France sharply criticized Washington for the start of the Vietnam campaign. Paris took into account the actual involvement in the Soviet Union, the war and the Chinese, who acted on the side of the North Vietnamese. The balance of power in many respects resembled the Korean War of 1950-1953., and Charles de Gaulle did not rule out expanding the scale of the conflict due to uncontrolled escalation of the US confrontation with the two communist powers. Become hostage of Soviet-American confrontation did not want the French leadership. Paris came to the conclusion about the need for radical solutions.

March 9, 1966, France officially announced its withdrawal from the NATO military organization. Explaining his decision, de Gaulle said that due to the changed conditions in the world of the policy pursued in the framework of NATO, contrary to the interests of France and may lead to the automatic inclusion in its conflicts. He won the US evacuation from French territory of NATO’s military headquarters, the withdrawal of the allied troops and the elimination of foreign military bases. All French armed forces were subject to national command from July 1, 1966.

Source: pbs.twimg.com

In connection with the French withdrawal from the military organization of NATO leaders have made efforts to overcome the crisis unit. In November 1966 set up in May 1965 the NATO Nuclear Planning Committee was reorganized into the Military Planning Committee, in which a separate group of the Nuclear Planning was created. The two new structures include representatives of Germany.

This story is now as relevant as ever in the BBC Wilma output light of “the third world: a view of the command bunker.” After all, the plot of the movie English Manual is drawn into a nuclear war with Russia actually against his will - under pressure from US allies. That is, there is exactly what afraid of de Gaulle.

Alas, the scale of Charles de Gaulle’s policy makers in Europe today is not observed.

Author: Stanislav GUSAR, military expert.

1 July 2016

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